NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Civics Chapter 5

NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Civics Chapter 5 Democratic Rights

1. Exercise Questions
2. Intext Questions

NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Civics Chapter 5 Democratic Rights in this step-by-step answer guide. In some of State Boards and CBSE schools, students are taught thru NCERT books. As the chapter comes to an end, students are requested few questions in an exercising to evaluate their expertise of the chapter. Students regularly want guidance managing those NCERT Solutions. It’s most effective natural to get stuck withinside the exercises while solving them so that you can assist students score higher marks, we’ve provided step by step NCERT answers for all exercises of Class nine Social Science Democratic Rights so you can are looking for assist from them. Students should solve those exercises carefully as questions withinside the final exams are requested from those, so these exercises immediately have an impact on students’ final score. Find all NCERT Solutions for Class nine Social Science Democratic Rights below and prepare in your tests easily.

NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Social Science Civics

Chapter 5 – Democratic Rights

Exercise Questions



1. Which of the following is not an instance of an exercise of a Fundamental Right ?

( a ) Workers from Bihar go to the Punjab to work on the farms

( b ) Christian missions set up a chain of missionary schools

( c ) Men and women government employees get the same salary

( d ) Parents ‘ property is inherited by their children

Ans . ( d ) Parents ‘ property is inherited by their children is not a Fundamental Right .

2. Which of the following freedoms is not available to an Indian citizen ?

( a ) Freedom to criticise the government

( b ) Freedom to participate in armed revolution

( c ) Freedom to start a movement to change the government

( d ) Freedom to oppose the central values of the Constitution

Ans . ( b ) Freedom to participate in armed revolution

3. Which of the following rights is available under the Indian Constitution ?

( a ) Right to Work

( b ) Right to Adequate Livelihood

( c ) Right to Protect One’s Culture

( d ) Right to Privacy

Ans . ( c ) Right to protect one’s culture . It comes under the Cultural and Educational Rights .

4. Name the Fundamental Right under which each of the following rights falls .

( a ) Freedom to propagate one’s religion

( b ) Right to life

( c ) Abolition of untouchability

( d ) Ban on bonded labour

Ans . ( a ) Right to Freedom of Religion

( b ) Right to Freedom

( c ) Right to Equality

( d ) Right against Exploitation

5. Which of these statements about the relationship between democracy and rights is more valid ? Give reasons for your preference .

( a ) Every country that is a democracy gives rights to its citizens .

( b ) Every country that gives rights to its citizens is a democracy .

( c ) Giving rights is good , but it is not necessary for a democracy .

Ans . Statement ( a ) is the most valid statement , Every country that is a democracy gives rights to its citizens . Every country which provides rights to its citizens might not be a democracy but , it is essential for a democracy to provide rights to its citizens .

6. Are these restrictions on the right to freedom justified ? Give reasons for your answer .

( a ) Indian citizens need permission to visit some border areas of the country for reasons of security .

( b ) Outsiders are not allowed to buy property in some areas to protect the interest of the local population .

( c ) The government bans the publication of a book that can go against the ruling party in the next elections .

Ans . ( a ) This is justified . Right to Freedom is for all the citizens which grants them to move freely anywhere in the country but due to security reasons some areas are restricted as the freedom of movement by every citizen can prove dangerous for the security of India .

( b ) In certain cases , this can be justified to maintain the cultural or ethnic identity of the local population .

( c ) Statement ( c ) is not justified because it violates the Right to Freedom of Speech and Expression of citizens . They have the right to express their views about the working of the government .

7. Manoj went to a college to apply for admission into an MBA course . The clerk refused to take his application and said ” You , the son of a sweeper , wish to be a manager ! has anyone done this job in your community ? Go to the municipality office and apply for a sweeper’s position ” . Which of Manoj’s fundamental rights are being violated in this instance ? Spell these out in a letter from Manoj to the District Collector .

Ans . Right to Equality is violated here as according to this , every citizen of India before the law whether he is from upper or lower caste or rich or poor is equal . Right to Freedom is also violated , as it grants personal liberty . He or she can carry any profession or Business .

To ,

The District Collector ,

XYZ District

Sub : Redressal required of violation of my Right to Equality for admission in a College

Dear Sir ,

I wish to inform you that my admission for pursuing a course leading to the MBA degree in ABC college in your district has been refused because the clerk of the college said . ” You are the son of a sweeper . Nobody from your community has done such a course , ” This is totally unjust and a violation of my Right to Equality .

I am fully qualified to apply for the course , having already completed my graduation .

You are requested to look into this problem and talk to the authorities of the concerned college to accept my application .

Thank you

Sincerely yours

( Manoj )

8. When Madhurima went to the property registration office , the Registrar told her ‘ You can’t write your name as Madhurima Bannerjee d / o AK Bannerjee ‘ . You are married , so , you must give your husband’s name .

Your husband’s surname is Rao . So , your name should be changed to Madhurima Rao . She did not agree . She said If my husband’s name has not changed after marriage , why should mine ? ‘ In your opinion , who is right in this dispute ? and why ?

Ans . In this dispute , Madhurima is right . The registrar by questioning and interfering in her personal affairs , is violating her right to freedom . Also , the social question of adopting the husband’s surname has roots in a religious practice which treats women as weaker and inferior . In lieu of this , forcing Madhurima to change her name is to control her right to equality and right to freedom of religion .

9. Thousands of tribals and other forest dwellers gathered at Piparia in Hoshangabad district in Madhya Pradesh to protest against their proposed displacement from the Satpura National Park and Bori Wildlife Sanctuary .

They argue that such a displacement is an attack on their livelihood and beliefs . Government claims that their displacement is essential for the development of the area and for protection of wildlife . Write a petition on behalf of the forest dwellers to the NHRC , a response from the government and a report of the NHRC on this matter .

Ans . ( i ) The Petition should be as follows

We , the tribal and the forest people have been living in and near the forests for hundreds of years and have earned our livelihood from the forests . The forests are our home and place of work . It is wrong to displace us from our traditional homes . By doing so , you are taking away our livelihood and traditions because we know no other work . We request the NHRC ( National Human Rights Commission ) to take up our cause and prevent our displacement from the forest due to the setting up of the wildlife sanctuaries .

( ii ) The Response of the Government The government , in order to protect the wildlife which is near extinction , has decided to set up wildlife . parks and wildlife sanctuaries and provide natural habitats to the endangered species and other animals . For doing this , human interference has to be stopped and so the tribals and forest dwellers are to be displaced from these areas . However , keeping in mind the welfare of the tribals and . ensuring a future for them , tribals will be rehabilitated in some other suitable place .

( iii ) NHRC Report The National Human Rights Commission gave its report on the proposed displacement of the tribals and the forest dwellers from the wildlife parks and sanctuaries like the Satpura National Park , Bori Wildlife Sanctuary and Panchmarhi Wildlife Sanctuary . NHRC said that the tribals and the forest dwellers have since ages lived in the forests and also earned their livelihood from the forests .

However , realising the importance of the forests in their lives they have taken care not to harm it or damage it in any manner . They have co – existed in the forests with all the flora and fauna and they have many beliefs and traditions , which infact protect the forests and the animals . Finally , they are not a threat to the flora and the fauna and they can help to protect , preserve and conserve the forest flora and fauna , so they should be allowed to live in the forests as a part of the forest .

Intext Questions


On Page 76

1. If you were a Serb , would you support what Milosevic did in Kosovo ? Do you think this project of establishing Serb dominance was good for the Serbs ?

Ans . If I were a Serb , I would not support what Milosevic did in Kosovo because what he did was very unjust and discriminatory towards the Albanians .

This method of establishing Serb dominance was not good for the Serbs because this action of Milosevic led to conflict and hostility between the Serbs and the Albanians .

On Page 78

2. What are the examples of elected governments not protecting or even attacking the rights of their own citizens ? Why do they do that ?

Ans . Examples of elected governments not protecting or even attacking the rights of their own citizens are

( i ) Ethnic massacre of Albanians in Kosovo .

( ii ) Policy of apartheid in South Africa .

( iii ) Rule of Augusto Pinochet in Chile .

( iv ) Rule of Robert Mugabe in Zimbabwe .

These elected rulers wanted to hold their own power and keep the people under their control so that they would not oppose them and they could rule without problems .

On Page 79

3. Everyone knows that the rich can have better lawyers in the courts . What is the point in talking about equality before law ?

Ans . It is true that the rich can have better lawyers in the courts , but the law is the same for everyone . Being rich or having good lawyers does not mean that equality of law also changes .

Whether a person is rich or poor , the law remains the same for all citizens . The judiciary follows the rule of law for all without discriminating on grounds of religion , race , caste , sex or place of birth .

On Page 80

4. Go to the playground of the school or any stadium and watch a 400 metre race on any track . Why are the competitors in the outer lane placed ahead of those in the inner lane at the starting point of the race ‘ ?

What would happen if all the competitors start the race from the same line ? Which of these would be an equal and fair race ? Apply this example to a competition for jobs .

Ans . Since , the outer lane has a bigger circumference than the inner lane , more than 400 metre distance will be covered in one round of the track . Thus competitors in the outer lane are placed ahead , so that they are given an equal opportunity compared to the person in the inner lane .

If all the competitors start at the same line , the outer track competitors will have to run a longer distance , which will not be fair . So , in the first case , it will be a fair race .

Similarly , in a competition for jobs , if the Scheduled Castes are given reservations , they can compete on an equal basis , because they are educationally and culturally backward , although they may be fit for the job for which they have applied .

5. Observe any big public building . Is there a ramp for physically handicapped ? Are there any other facilities that make it possible for physically handicapped to use the building in the same way as any one else ?

Should these special facilities be provided , if it leads to extra expenditure on the building ? Do these special provisions go against the principle of equality ?

Ans . In many public buildings like hospitals and big offices , there are such ramps . Some airports have special toilets for the physically handicapped .

These special provisions do not go against the Right to Equality , as handicapped persons also have the same rights as normal citizens and the government must provide for them accordingly . Yes , there are several facilities that makes it possible for physically handicapped to use the building in the same way as anyone else .

Some of these facilities are

( i ) Widening Doorways to allow a wheelchair to pass through easily .

( ii ) Installation of Handrail to support the bodyweight at the critical places like Staircase , Ramp , Toilet , passage with a change of level , etc.

( iii ) Relocating light switches and door handles to a level that consider people who have difficulty in reaching .

( iv ) Provision of atleast one lift shall be made for the wheelchair user in the building .

Yes , these facilities should be provided , if it leads to extra expenditure on the building .

On Page 81

6. Should the freedom of expression be extended to those who are spreading wrong and narrow minded ideas ? Should they be allowed to confuse the public ?

Ans . No , the freedom of expression should not be extended to those who are spreading wrong and narrow minded ideas , since it is harmful for the society and democracy . No , they should not be allowed to confuse the public because it would be wrong to do so . Spreading wrong information for personal gains is wrong .

Their views can instigate violence , which is dangerous for our society . Nobody can use freedom of speech and expression to incite people or rebel against government .

On Page 83

7. Are these cases instances of violation of the Right to Freedom ? If yes , which constitutional provision does each violate ?

( a ) The Government of India banned Salman Rushdie’s book ‘ the Satanic Verses ‘ on the ground that it was disrespectful to Prophet Muhammed and was likely to hurt the feelings of the Muslim community .

( b ) Every film has to be approved by the Censor Board of the Government before it can be shown to the public . But , there is no such restriction if the same story is published in a book or a magazine .

( c ) The government is considering a proposal that there will be industrial zones or sectors of the economy , where workers will not be allowed to form unions or go on strike .

( d ) City administration has imposed a ban on use of public microphones after 10 p.m. in view of the approaching secondary school examinations .

Ans . ( a ) Yes , this violates the Right to Freedom of Thought and Expression .

( b ) Yes , this violates the Right to Freedom of Thought and Expression .

( c ) Yes , this violates the Right to Freedom to form associations and unions .

( d ) No , this is not a violation of the Right to Freedom because the Constitution restricts freedom to a group of people ( who are likely to use public microphones after 10 p.m. ) as long as that freedom does not affect or hamper freedom of anyone else . Also the ban is imposed in the larger interests of the people .

On Page 84

8. The Constitution does not give people their religion . Then , how can it give people the Right to Practise their Religion ?

Ans . It is true that the Constitution does not give the people their religion . However , it does not prevent the people from the Right to Practice their Religion , because the Constitution provides every person with a right to profess , practice and propagate the religion he or she believes .

Every religious group or sect is free to manage its religious affairs . In this way , our Constitution gives people the Right to Practice their Religion .

On Page 85

9. Read the following news reports and identify the right that is being debated in each of these cases ?

( a ) An emergency session of the Shiromani Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee ( SGPC ) rejected the proposal to form a separate body to manage the affairs of Sikh shrines in Haryana . It warned the government that the Sikh community would not tolerate any interference in their religious affairs ( June 2005 ) .

( b ) The Allahabad High Court quashed the Central Law , which gave Aligarh Muslim University its minority status and held illegal reservation of seats for Muslims in its post graduate medical courses ( January 2006 ) .

( c ) The Rajasthan Government has decided to enact an anti – conversion law . Christian leaders have said that the Bill would aggravate the sense of insecurity and fear in the minds of minorities ( March 2005 ) .

Ans . ( a ) Here , it is the Right to Freedom of Religion .

( b ) Here , it is the Right to Equality .

( c ) Here , it is the Right to Freedom of Religion .

10. Can the President of India stop you from approaching the Supreme Court to secure your Fundamental Rights ?

Ans . No , the President of India even cannot stop me from approaching the Supreme Court to secure my Fundamental Rights because the Fundamental Rights have been enshrined in our Constitution .

This means that our Constitution provides and protects these rights and they can not be taken away or violated by any person or government action or law , which also includes the President of India .

The Right to Constitutional Remedies is a Fundamental Right , according to which we have the right to approach the Supreme Court in case of violation of rights by any person or government or law . So , nobody can stop us from going to court to secure our Fundamental Rights .

On Page 86

11. Read about the National Human Rights Commission and answer the given question .

Do you notice references to the National Human Rights Commission ( NHRC ) in the news collage on this page ? These references reflect the growing awareness of human rights and struggles for human dignity .

Many cases of human rights violations in diverse fields , for instance , Gujarat riots , are being brought to the public notice from across India . Human rights organisations and the media often criticise government agencies for not seriously pursuing these cases or catching the culprits . Someone had to intervene on behalf of the victims .

This is where the National Human Rights Commission stepped in . This is an independent commission set up by law in 1993. Like judiciary , the Commission is independent of the government . The Commission is appointed by the President and includes retired judges , officers and eminent citizens .

Yet it does not have the burden of deciding court cases . So , it can focus on helping the victims secure their human rights . These include all the rights granted to the citizens by the Constitution . For NHRC , human rights also include the rights mentioned in the UN sponsored international treaties that India has signed . The NHRC cannot by itself punish the guilty . That is the responsibility of courts . The NHRC is there to make independent and credible inquiry into any case of violation of human rights .

It also inquiries into any case of abetment of such violation or negligence in controlling it by any government officer and takes other general steps to promote human rights in the country . The Commission presents its findings and recommendations to the government or intervene in the court on behalf of the victims . It has wide ranging powers to carry out its inquiry .

Like any court , it can summon witnesses , question any government official , demand any official paper , visit any prison for inspection or send its own team for on the spot inquiry .

Citizen of India can write a letter to this address to complain against the violation of Human Rights National Human Rights Commission , Faridkot House , Copernicus Marg , New Delhi 110001 . There is no fee or any formal procedure to approach the NHRC . Like NHRC , there are State Human Rights Commissions in 26 states of the country .

Are the rights only for adults ? Which of these rights are available to children ?

Ans . No , Fundamental Rights , are not only for the adults , they are available to all the citizens of the country without any discrimination . Right against exploitation is specially devoted to children because it protects the children from exploitation .

These rights prohibit child labour . No one can employ a child below the age of 14 to work in any factory or mine or in any other hazardous work such as railways and ports . Using this right as a basis , many laws have been made to prohibit children from working in industries such as beedi making , fire crackers , matches , printing and dyeing .

Benefits of NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Civics Chapter 5 Democratic Rights


NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Civics Chapter 5 Democratic Rights contains extremely important points, and for each chapter, each concept has been simplified to make it easier to remember and increase your chances of achieving excellent exam results. Exam Preparation References Here are some tips on how these solutions can help you prepare for the exam.

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