NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Civics Chapter 4 Working Of Institutions
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NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Civics Chapter 4 Working Of Institutions in this step-by-step answer guide. In some of State Boards and CBSE schools, students are taught thru NCERT books. As the chapter comes to an end, students are requested few questions in an exercising to evaluate their expertise of the chapter. Students regularly want guidance managing those NCERT Solutions. It’s most effective natural to get stuck withinside the exercises while solving them so that you can assist students score higher marks, we’ve provided step by step NCERT answers for all exercises of Class nine Social Science Working Of Institutions so you can are looking for assist from them. Students should solve those exercises carefully as questions withinside the final exams are requested from those, so these exercises immediately have an impact on students’ final score. Find all NCERT Solutions for Class nine Social Science Working Of Institutions below and prepare in your tests easily.
NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Social Science Civics
Chapter 4 – Working of Institutions
1. If you are elected as the President of India which of the following decisions can you take on your own ?
( a ) Select the person you take on your own
( b ) Dismiss a Prime Minister who has a majority in Lok Sabha
( c ) Ask for reconsideration of a bill passed by both the houses
( d ) Nominate the leaders of your choice to the Council of Ministers
Ans . ( c ) Ask for reconsideration of a bill passed by both the houses .
2. Who among the following is a part of the political executive ?
( a ) District Collector
( b ) Secretary of the Ministry of Home Affairs
( c ) Home Minister
( d ) Director General of Police
Ans . ( c ) Home Minister
3. Which of following statements about the judiciary is false ?
( a ) Every law passed by the Parliament needs approval of the Supreme Court
( b ) Judiciary can strike down a law if it goes against the spirit of the constitution
( c ) Judiciary is independent of the executive
( d ) Any citizen can approach the courts if her rights are violated
Ans . ( a ) Every law passed by the Parliament needs . approval of the Supreme Court
4. Which of the following institutions can make changes to an existing law of the country ?
( a ) The Supreme Court ( b ) The President
( c ) The Prime Minister ( d ) The Parliament
Ans . ( d ) The Parliament
5. Match the ministry with the news that the ministry may have released .
Ans . ( A ) – ( iv ) , ( B ) – ( v ) , ( C ) – ( ii ) . ( D ) – ( iii ) , ( E ) – ( i )
6. Of all the institutions that we have studied in this chapter , name the one that exercises the powers on each of the following matters .
( a ) Decision on allocation of money for developing infrastructure like roads , irrigation , etc. , and different welfare activities for the citizens .
( b ) Considers the recommendation of a committee on a law to regulate the stock exchange .
( c ) Decides on a legal dispute between two State Governments .
( d ) Implements the decision to provide relief for the victims of an earthquake .
Ans . ( a ) Parliament ( Lok Sabha Money Bill )
( b ) Parliament
( c ) The Supreme Court
( d ) The Executive
7. Why is the Prime Minister in India not directly elected by the people ?
( a ) In a parliamentary democracy , only the leader of the majority party in the Lok Sabha can become the Prime Minister .
( b ) Lok Sabha can remove the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers even before the expiry of their term .
( c ) Since , the Prime Minister is appointed by the President there is no need for it .
( d ) Direct election of the Prime Minister will involve lot of expenditure on election .
Ans . The most appropriate answer is option ‘ ( a ) ‘ .
Because , the Prime Minister should be a person who has the support of the majority of the members , so that he has no difficulty in implementing his policies and passing of laws in Parliament . Secondly , since he is the leader of the majority party , he cannot act and take decisions all by himself or become a dictator .
8. Three friends went to watch a film that showed the hero becoming Chief Minister for a day and making big changes in the state . Imran said this is what the country needs . Rizwan said this kind of a personal rule without institutions is dangerous . Shankar said all this is a fantasy . No minister can do anything in one day . What would be your reaction to such a film ?
Ans . My reaction would be in favour of Rizwan who said that rule without institutions is dangerous . Institutions channelise the functioning of administration . Moreover , such films are unrealistic and cater only to the entertainment of the people . The actions and decisions shown in the films are not practical .
Before taking big decisions or making changes , there is a need to first consider its positive and negative factors , its advantages and disadvantages , which needs time and planning . So , such films should not be taken seriously .
9. A teacher was making preparations for a mock Parliament . She called two students to act as leaders of two political parties . She gave them an option : Each one could choose to have a majority either in the mock Lok Sabha or in the mock Rajya Sabha . If this choice was given to you , which one would you choose and why ?
Ans . I would choose to have a majority in the mock Lok Sabha because the Lok Sabha is more powerful than the Rajya Sabha in the following ways
( i ) Money Bills can originate only in the Lok Sabha .
( ii ) In case of a joint session , the Lok Sabha prevails in the voting because it has more members .
( iii ) The Council of Ministers are responsible and answerable to the Lok Sabha .
( iv ) The Lok Sabha is directly elected by the voters of the country and represents the will of the people .
10. After reading the example of the reservation order , three students had different reactions about the role of the judiciary . Which view , according to you , is a correct reading of the role of judiciary ?
( a ) Srinivas argues that since the Supreme Court agreed with the government , it is not independent .
( b ) Anjaiah says that judiciary is independent because it could have given a verdict against the government order . The Supreme Court did direct the government to modify it .
( c ) Vijaya thinks that the judiciary is neither independent nor conformist , but acts as a mediator between opposing parties . The court struck a good balance between those who supported and those who opposed the order .
Ans . ( b ) The view of Anjaiah is correct regarding the role of the judiciary . It has to act independently and will not mediate between parties .
It can give verdict against the government order . It can also direct the government to modify the decision in the interest of the nation . For example , the Supreme Court’s role in the case of Mandal Commission .
On Page 58
1. Is every Office Memorandum a major political decision ? If not , what made the memorandum O.M. No. 36012 / 31 / 90 – Est ( SCT ) dated 13th August , 1990 different ?
Ans . Every Office Memorandum is not a major political decision , most of them are routine in nature . This Office Memorandum O.M. No. 36012 / 31 / 90 – EST ( SCT ) , dated 13th August , 1990 , relating to reservation for the Socially and Educationally Backward Classes ( SEBCs ) in government services was different because it affected all the sections of society .
The benefit of job reservation was till then available only to Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes . Now a third category , SEBCs was introduced . Moreover , this reservation issue was a major source of controversy for several years and led to many agitations and court cases .
On Page 60
2. Who did what in this case of reservations for backward classes ?
Ans . The column are matched as given below
3. Which institutions are at work in the running of your school ? Would it be better if one person alone took all the decisions regarding management of your school ?
Ans . The institutions of the school which perform different functions are the Principal’s office , the school’s administrative office , the different departments like sports , medical room , library and teachers . No , it would not be good if one person takes all the decisions regarding the management of our school . Because a large number of activities are going on all the time . It is not possible for one person to take proper decisions on all issues . Even if one person does take these decisions , he or she might not be able to take these properly as it might be taken in haste or without understanding its implications .
On Page 62
4. What is the point in having so much debate and discussion in the Parliament when we know that the view of the ruling party is going to prevail ?
Ans . The view of the ruling party prevails in Parliament , but we should have debates and discussions because this helps to bring out the positive and negative points of the issue under consideration .
The positive aspects might be adopted by the ruling party and similarly , negative aspects could be omitted even if the entire bill is not changed .
To give the information to the public regarding the topic for a particular decision which is going to be taken by the ruling party , debate and discussion are necessary in the Parliament .
Also , it is not certain that the ruling party is open to ideas and discussions which might influence the ruling party to adopt new ideas . Thus , open debate and discussion are essential for democracy .
5. When the Parliament is in session , there is a special programme everyday on Doordarshan about the proceedings in Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha . Watch the proceedings or read about them in the newspapers and note the following
( a ) Powers of the two Houses of Parliament
( b ) Role of the Speaker
( c ) Role of the Opposition
Ans . ( a ) Powers of the two Houses of Parliament The Lok Sabha members are directly elected by the voters and are the final voice in the passing of any laws . The Rajya Sabha members are indirectly elected or nominated and they function mostly in an advisory capacity . But the consent of both Houses is required for passing any bill , making a law or making amendments to the Constitution .
( b ) Role of the Speaker ( Lok Sabha )
The Speaker’s main functions are
• Regulate the proceedings of the Houses .
• Maintain discipline in the House and to interpret its rules of procedure .
• Supervise parliamentary committees .
• Permit the moving of various kinds of motions and resolutions like the motion of no confidence , motion of adjournment , motion of censure , etc.
( c ) Role of the Opposition The major function of the opposition is to act as a check on the ruling party , so that any faults of theirs are exposed and any mistake made by the ruling party can be corrected . They can even bring a no – confidence motion against the government if it is seen to be not functioning properly .
On Page 67
6. Why does the textbook refer to the President as ‘ she ‘ ? Have we ever had a woman President in our country ?
Ans . The book refers to the President as she shows that the highest office in India can also be occupied by a woman . Yes , we have had a woman President in our country . Pratibha Devi Singh Patil has been the only woman President of our country . She served as the 12th President ( July 2007 – July 2012 ) in our country . She was supported by United Progressive Alliance ( UPA ) and left parties .
On Page 68
7. What is better for a democracy : a Prime Minister who can do whatever he wishes or a Prime Minister who needs to consult other leaders and parties ?
Ans . Both these cases are not better for a democracy . If a Prime Minister is free to do as he wishes , there is a possibility that he might develop authoritarian or dictatorial tendencies . On the other hand , if all the time he has to consult other leaders and parties , it would hamper his working . Therefore , he should have freedom of taking decisions , but he should also consult with other leaders of parties on important issues .
On Page 70
8. Why are people allowed to go to courts against the government’s decisions ?
Ans . People are allowed to go to courts against the government’s decision because
Sometimes the actions of the government or a law passed by the government might hurt the public interest or might be against the spirit of the constitution .
In such cases , citizens have the right to go to court to get justice . Such cases are called Public Interest Litigations ( PILs ) .
In case of violation of Fundamental Rights by the government , the citizen can go to the courts for justice . Then the courts intervene to prevent the misuse of power by the government .
9. Give one reason each to argue that Indian judiciary is independent with respect to
( a ) Appointment of Judges
( b ) Removal of Judges
( c ) Powers of the Judiciary .
Ans . ( a ) Appointment of Judges The Judges of the Supreme Court and the High Courts are appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Prime Minister and in consultation with the Chief Justice of India .
In actual practice , the Senior Judges of the Supreme Court select new Judges for the Supreme Court as well as for the High Courts . Here , seniority and merit are the main considerations with hardly any scope for manipulation by anybody . Thus , independence of Judiciary is ensured when there is no influence or interference from government during the appointment of judges .
( b ) Removal of Judges The procedure of removal of Judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts is very difficult to actually carry out .
They can be removed only on the basis of an impeachment motion passed by two – thirds majority in both Houses of Parliament separately . So , removal of judges cannot be done arbitrarily . Judiciary is competent in itself to deal with such issues . Independence of Judiciary is ensured when there is no political pressure and biasness during the process of removal of judges .
( c ) Powers of the Judiciary The powers are clearly spelt out in the constitution and they cannot be diluted by Parliament or by any presidential order . So , no politician can reduce or increase their powers .
The Supreme Court has the power to declare illegal any law made by Parliament if it goes against the Constitution . This ensures the independence of judiciary in a modern democracy .
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