Class 12 Notes

Class 12 Notes

12 CBSE is awarded to all disciplines: Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Biology, English Vistas, English Flamingo, Economic Studies, Accountancy, Psychology, Sociology, History, Entrepreneurship, Political Science, Macroeconomics, Indian economic Development , Physical Education, geography and computers. Practice, these core courses are very important to students. The overview notes of each chapter give them a learning experience that they can do better and is also very interesting on this topic.

Use these 12th grade NCERT Science, Business, and Humanities notes to learn the basics better and faster. In addition, it is the perfect guide to help you get a high score on the CBSE exam.

Grade 12 plays an important role in shaping the career of any student. According to the grades of 12th grade students, you can go to prestigious universities. She can do whatever she wants. The grade 12 NCERT score will greatly help students understand the chapters and achieve good results in the exam. Class 12 Notes created by expert teachers can help students. Educational travel.

Physics studies matter and its movement in space and time. In order to solve technical problems and successfully pass the exam, a clear understanding of the subject is required. NCERT Class 12 Physics Notes are very helpful in this regard.

Chemistry is the study of the matter, structure, and properties of substances and their properties. You must learn the concepts contained in the subject, and you must keep in mind the formulas and properties in order to do a good job on the subject. NCERT marks grade 12 chemistry, they will be great partners in this regard

Mathematics is considered to be the most difficult subject to get test scores. If you want to get good results in this subject, you must have a good understanding of the subjects in the previous class. Test results.

Biology is a science that studies life and living organisms. Students must teach all chapters carefully in order to pass the exam and remember the basic knowledge of the subject. The NCERT Biology Class 12 solution will be of great help to students in this regard.

English plays a vital role in establishing a student’s career. Learning English is not only to get scores in exams, but also to improve communication skills. topic.

History is the knowledge of our past, and it provides ideas that shape events in the present. You must study the subject of undergraduate objective carefully to get good results in this exam. Drive to prepare for the exam.

Geography consists of research includes understanding the physical properties of the earth’s surface and understanding human behaviour on it. In order to get good grades in the 12th grade exam, the subject must be thoroughly studied. Help students in this regard.

Political Science deals with the study of politics and power from different perspectives; it includes the study of any content in the fields of political thought, ideology, diplomacy, law, government forms, and political science. Students are on their way to learning.

Economics is the study of using scarce resources to make useful products and distributing them where needed. It should be studied in combination with real life examples. Class 12 Notes. Economics will help students achieve their learning goals.

Accounting is the practice of recording, classifying, and reporting company business transactions. Subject knowledge and extensive practice will help students achieve good results in the 12th grade accounting exam. The class 12 notes created by cbsestudyguru will guide students on the accounting journey.

Business administration is a broad business subject, and you must study hard to get good exam results. The 12th grade NCERT Notes prepared by experienced cbsestudyguru teachers will be very helpful for students to learn this topic. Make these decisions when you encounter difficulties.

Entrepreneurship means constantly finding innovative ways. It includes the aspects of business. It should be learned sincerely to score good marks in Exam. Entrepreneurship Class 12 notes prepared by expert teachers of cbsestudyguru will prove to be a great tool for the students in learning the subject

The Hindi language is very important in India. It is widely spoken by its people. English in grade 12 must be learned properly if you are to study Hindi in the future. Also, the NCERT notes for grade 12 in Hindi will be a great study tool in the hands of students when needed. face every difficulty.

Class 12 Notes

Class 12 Maths Notes
Class 12 Physics Notes
Class 12 Chemistry Notes
Class 12 Biology Notes
Class 12 English Notes
Class 12 Business Studies Notes
Class 12 Accountancy Notes
Class 12 Psychology Notes
Class 12 Sociology Notes
Class 12 History Notes
Class 12 Entrepreneurship Notes
Class 12 Political Science Notes
Class 12 Macro Economics Notes
Class 12 Indian Economic Development Notes
Class 12 Physical Education Notes
Class 12 Geography Notes

Class 12 Maths Chapters

Chapter 1 Relations and Functions
Chapter 3 Matrices
Chapter 4 Determinants
Chapter 5 Continuity and Differentiability
Chapter 6 Application of Derivatives
Chapter 7 Integrals
Chapter 8 Application of Integrals
Chapter 9 Differential Equations
Chapter 10 Vector Algebra
Chapter 11 Three Dimensional Geometry
Chapter 12 Linear Programming
Chapter 13 Probability

Class 12 Physics Chapters

Chapter 1 Electric Charges and Fields
Chapter 2 Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
Chapter 3 Current Electricity
Chapter 4 Moving Charges and Magnetism
Chapter 5 Magnetism and Matter
Chapter 6 Electromagnetic Induction
Chapter 7 Alternating Current
Chapter 8 Electromagnetic Waves
Chapter 9 Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
Chapter 10 Wave Optics
Chapter 11 Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
Chapter 12 Atoms
Chapter 13 Nuclei
Chapter 14 Semiconductor Electronics
Chapter 15 Communication Systems

Class 12 Chemistry Chapters

Chapter 1 The Solid State
Chapter 2 Solutions
Chapter 3 Electrochemistry
Chapter 4 Chemical Kinetics
Chapter 5 Surface Chemistry
Chapter 6 General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
Chapter 7 p-Block Elements
Chapter 8 d and f Block Elements
Chapter 9 Coordination Compounds
Chapter 10 Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
Chapter 11 Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
Chapter 12 Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
Chapter 13 Organic compounds containing Nitrogen
Chapter 14 Biomolecules
Chapter 15 Polymers
Chapter 16 Chemistry in Everyday life

Class 12 Biology Chapters

Chapter 1 Reproduction in Organisms
Chapter 2 Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
Chapter 3 Human Reproduction
Chapter 4 Reproductive Health
Chapter 5 Principles of Inheritance and Variation
Chapter 6 Molecular Basis of Inheritance
Chapter 7 Evolution
Chapter 8 Human Health and Diseases
Chapter 9 Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production
Chapter 10 Microbes in Human Welfare
Chapter 11 Biotechnology Principles and Processes
Chapter 12 Biotechnology: and its Application
Chapter 13 Organisms and Populations
Chapter 14 Ecosystem
Chapter 15 Biodiversity and Conservation
Chapter 16 Environmental Issues

NCERT Notes for class 12 Accountancy (Part 1)

Class 12 Accountancy Part 1 Chapters
Unit 1 Accounting For Not For Profit Organisation
Unit 2 Accounting for Partnership Firms – Basic Concepts
Unit 3 Reconstitution Of A Partnership Firm – Admission Of A Partner
Unit 4 Reconstitution Of A Partnership Firm – Retirement/Death Of A Partner
Unit 5 Dissolution Of Partnership Firm

NCERT Notes for class 12 Accountancy (Part 2)

Class 12 Accountancy Part 2 Chapters
Unit 1 Accounting for Share Capital
Unit 2 Issue and Redemption of Debentures
Unit 3 Financial Statements of a Company
Unit 4 Analysis of Financial Statements
Unit 5 Accounting Ratios
Unit 6 Cash Flow Statement

NCERT Notes for class 12 Business Studies

Class 12 Business Studies Chapters
Chapter 1 Nature and Significance of Management
Chapter 2 Principles of Management
Chapter 3 Business Environment
Chapter 4 Planning
Chapter 5 Organising
Chapter 6 Staffing
Chapter 7 Directing
Chapter 8 Controlling
Chapter 9 Financial Management
Chapter 10 Financial Markets
Chapter 11 Marketing
Chapter 12 Consumer protection
Chapter 13 Entrepreneurship Development

NCERT Notes for class 12 Economics

Class 12 Economics Part A – Macroeconomics Chapters
Introduction to Macro Economics
National Income Accounting
Money and Banking
Determination of Income and Employment
Government Budget and Economy
Open-Economy Macroeconomics
Class 12 Economics Indian Economics Part 2 Chapters
Chapter 1 Indian Economy on the Eve of Independence
Chapter 2 Indian Economy (1950 – 1990)
Chapter 3 Liberalisation, Privatisation and Globalisation: An Appraisal
Chapter 4 Poverty
Chapter 5 Human Capital Formation In India
Chapter 6 Rural Development
Chapter 7 Employment Growth, Informalisation and Other Issues
Chapter 8 Infrastructure
Chapter 9 Environment and Sustainable Development
Chapter 10 Comparative development

NCERT Notes for class 12 history

NCERT Notes for Class 12 History Chapter wise Solutions
Chapter 1 – Bricks, Beads and Bones  
Chapter 2 – Kings, Farmers and Towns
Chapter 3 – Kinship, Caste and Class  
Chapter 4 – Thinkers, Beliefs and Buildings  
Chapter 5 –  Through The Eyes Of Travellers
Chapter 6 – Bhakti-Sufi Traditions
Chapter 7 – An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara  
Chapter 8 – Peasants, Zamindars and the State  
Chapter 9 – Kings and Chronicles  
Chapter 10 – Colonialism And The Countryside
Chapter 11 – Rebels And The Raj
Chapter 12 – Colonial Cities
Chapter 13 – Mahatma Gandhi and the Nationalist Movement  
Chapter 14 – Understanding Partition  
Chapter 15 – Framing the Constitution  

Ncert Notes for class 12 Political Science

NCERT Notes for Class 12 Political Science Chapter wise Solutions
Chapter 1 – The Cold War Era  
Chapter 2 – The End of Bipolarity  
Chapter 3 – US Hegemony in World Politics  
Chapter 4 – Alternative Centres of Power
Chapter 5 – Contemporary South Asia
Chapter 6 –  International Organisations
Chapter 7 – Security in the Contemporary world   
Chapter 8 – Environment and Natural Resources
Chapter 9 – Globalisation  
Chapter 10 – Challenges Of Nation Builiding
Chapter 11 – Era Of One-party Dominance
Chapter 12 – Politics Of Planned Development
Chapter 13 – India’s External Relations
Chapter 14 – Challenges to and Restoration of the Congress System
Chapter 15 – The Crisis of Democratic Order  
Chapter 16 – Rise of Popular Movements  
Chapter 17 – Regional Aspirations  
Chapter 18 – Recent Developments in Indian Politics

NCERT Notes for Class 12 English

NCERT Notes for Class 12 English Flamingo Prose
Chapter 1 The Last Lesson
Chapter 2 Lost Spring
Chapter 3 Deep Water
Chapter 4 The Rattrap
Chapter 5 Indigo
Chapter 6 Poets and Pancakes
Chapter 7 The Interview
Chapter 8 Going Places
NCERT Notes for Class 12 English Flamingo Poem
Chapter 1 My Mother at Sixty-six
Chapter 2 An Elementary School Classroom in a Slum
Chapter 3 Keeping Quiet
Chapter 4 A Thing of Beauty
Chapter 5 A Roadside Stand
Chapter 6 Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers
NCERT Notes for Class 12 English Vistas
Chapter 1 Third Level
Chapter 2 The Tiger King
Chapter 3 The Enemy
Chapter 4 Journey to the End of the Earth
Chapter 5 Should Wizard Hit Mommy?
Chapter 6 On the Face of It
Chapter 7 Evans Tries an O-level
Chapter 8 Memories of Childhood

NCERT Notes for class 12 Geography

NCERT Notes for Class 12 Geography: Fundamentals of Human Geography
Chapter 1 Human Geography (Nature and Scope)
Chapter 2 The World Population (Distribution, Density and Growth)
Chapter 3 Population Composition
Chapter 4 Human Development
Chapter 5 Primary Activities
Chapter 6 Secondary Activities
Chapter 7 Tertiary and Quaternary Activities
Chapter 8 Transport and Communication
Chapter 9 International Trade
Chapter 10 Human Settlements
NCERT Notes for Class 12 Geography: India People and Economy
Chapter 1 Population: Distribution, Density, Growth and Composition
Chapter 2 Migration: Types, Causes and Consequences
Chapter 3 Human Development
Chapter 4 Human Settlements
Chapter 5 Land Resources and Agriculture
Chapter 6 Water Resources
Chapter 7 Mineral and Energy Resources
Chapter 8 Manufacturing Industries
Chapter 9 Planning and Sustainable Development in Indian Context
Chapter 10 Transport And Communication
Chapter 11 International Trade
Chapter 12 Geographical Perspective on Selected Issues and Problems
NCERT Notes for Class 12 Geography: Practical Work in Geography
Chapter 1 Data – Its Source and Compilation
Chapter 2 Data Processing
Chapter 3 Graphical Representation of Data
Chapter 4 Use of Computer in Data Processing and Mapping
Chapter 5 Field Surveys
Chapter 6 Spatial Information Technology

NCERT Notes for class 12 Sociology

NCERT Notes for Class 12 Sociology: Indian Society
Chapter 1 Introducing Indian Society
Chapter 2 The Demographic Structure of the Indian Society
Chapter 3 Social Institutions: Continuity and Change
Chapter 4 The Market as a Social Institution
Chapter 5 Patterns of Social Inequality and Exclusion
Chapter 6 The Challenges of Cultural Diversity
Chapter 7 Suggestions for Project Work
NCERT Notes for Class 12 Sociology: Social Change and Development in India
Chapter 1 Structural Change
Chapter 2 Cultural Change
Chapter 3 The Story of Indian Democracy
Chapter 4 Change and Development in Rural Society
Chapter 5 Change and Development in Industrial Society
Chapter 6 Globalisation and Social Change
Chapter 7 Mass Media and Communications
Chapter 8 Social Movements

NCERT Notes for class 12 Psychology

Chapter 1 Intelligence And Aptitude
Chapter 2 Self And Personality
Chapter 3 Human Strengths And Meeting Life Challenges
Chapter 4 Psychological Disorders
Chapter 5 Therapeutic Approaches And Counselling
Chapter 6 Attitude And Social Cognition
Chapter 7 Social Influence And Group Processes
Chapter 8 Psychology And Life
Chapter 9 Developing Psychological Skills

NCERT Notes for Class 12 Hindi

NCERT Notes for Class 12 Hindi Aroh आरोह भाग 2

) काव्य भाग
Chapter 1 आत्मपरिचय, एक गीत
Chapter 2 पतंग
Chapter 3 कविता के बहाने, बात सीधी थी पर
Chapter 4 कैमरे में बंद अपाहिज
Chapter 5 सहर्ष स्वीकारा है
Chapter 6 उषा
Chapter 7 बादल राग
Chapter 8 कवितावली (उत्तर कांड से), लक्ष्मणमूच्छ और राम का विलाप
Chapter 9 रुबाइयाँ, गज़ल
Chapter 10 छोटा मेरा खेत, बगुलों के पंख

() गद्य भाग

Chapter 11 भक्तिन
Chapter 12 बाजार दर्शन
Chapter 13 काले मेघा पानी दे
Chapter 14 पहलवान की ढोलक
Chapter 15 चार्ली चैप्लिन यानी हम सब
Chapter 16 नमक
Chapter 17 शिरीष के फूल
Chapter 18 श्रमविभाजन और जातिप्रथा, मेरी कल्पना का आदर्श समाज

NCERT Notes for Class 12 Hindi Vitan वितान भाग 2

Chapter 1 सिल्वर वैडिंग
Chapter 2 जूझ
Chapter 3 अतीत में दबे पाँव
Chapter 4 डायरी के पन्ने

Importance of CBSE class 12 Notes

  • CBSE class 12 notes are concise and clear, covering all topics in each chapter.
  • In terms of exams, CBSE class 12 Notes is designed to help students quickly familiarize themselves with all the main concepts without losing focus.
  • Key formulas, theorems and equations are part of these class 12 notes, making them one of the most useful learning materials.
  • It is important to cover the entire NCERT course; however, it is not possible to cover the entire textbook temporarily, especially if you hold a short-term study permit during the exam. BSE recommendations are helpful in this situation.
  • The CBSE class 12 notes contain detailed and well-structured explanations of all the concepts introduced in this tutorial.

Benefits of CBSE Class 12 Notes

There are very important points in the Class 12 notes, and for each chapter, each concept has been simplified to make it easier to remember and increase the chances of getting a good test score. CBSE class 12 Notes from cbsestudyguru is the best reference for exam preparation. Here are some details about how these solutions can help you prepare for the exam. 

  1. This class 12 notes helps students solve many of the problems in each chapter and encourages them to make their concepts more meaningful.
  2. Class 12 Notes encourages you to update your knowledge and refine your concepts so that you can achieve good results in the exam.
  3. These CBSE class 12 notes are the best test materials to help you discover your week and advantages. To get good results in the exam, it is important to overcome your weaknesses.
  4. Most exam questions are worded in the same order as in the NCERT textbook, so students should carefully read the notes in each chapter to better understand the topic.
  5. This class 12 notes premium is free of cost.

Tips & Strategies for Exam Preparation

1. Develop a timetable to complete your plan and take time to review it

2. Please refer to the CBSE class 12 notes instructions at to clarify your concepts while preparing for the exam.

3. Start learning with A learning application that successfully passed the exam. Provide complete teaching materials, including resolved and unresolved tasks.

4. Before the exam, it is important to clarify any questions with the teacher or Alex.

5. When you read or study a chapter, write down the algorithm formulas, theorems, etc., and review them quickly before the exam.

6. Ask many questions to support your concept.

7. Take a good rest, eat well, don’t worry.

Why opt for cbsestudyguru class 12 notes ? 

  • cbsestudyguru provide class 12 Notes for all subjects at your fingertips.
  • These CBSE class 12 Notes are designed by subject matter experts and provide solutions to every NCERT textbook questions. 
  • cbsestudyguru especially focuses on making learning interactive, effective and for all classes.
  • We provide free class 12 Notes all classes.

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