Class 12 Sociology Term 2 Sample Paper 2022 (Solved)
Class 12 Sociology Term 2 Sample Paper 2022, (Sociology) exams are Students are taught thru NCERT books in some of the state board and CBSE Schools. As the chapter involves an end, there is an exercise provided to assist students to prepare for evaluation. Students need to clear up those exercises very well because the questions inside the very last asked from those.
Sometimes, students get stuck inside the exercises and are not able to clear up all of the questions. To assist students, solve all of the questions, and maintain their studies without a doubt, we have provided a step-by-step NCERT Sample Question Papers for the students for all classes. These answers will similarly help students in scoring better marks with the assist of properly illustrated Notes as a way to similarly assist the students and answer the questions right.
Class 12 Sociology Term 2 Sample Paper 2022
- The paper has 14 questions.
- All questions are compulsory.
- Section A-Question number 1 and 2 are one-mark source based questions. The answer to these questions must not exceed 10-15 words.
- Section B-Question number 3 to 9 are two-marks questions. These are very short answer type questions. The answer to these questions should not exceed 30 words.
- Section C-Question number 10 to 12 are four-marks questions. These are short answer type questions. The answer to these questions should not exceed 80 words.
- Section D-Question number 13 and 14 are six-marks questions. These are long answer type questions. The answer to these questions should not exceed 200 words.
Section – A
(1 Mark each)
1. Look at the given graph carefully and answer the following question:
What does the graph indicate? What does the above chart indicate about the urban population and decennial growth rate between 1951-2011? 1
2. The first important legislation was the abolition of the Zamindari systeme which removed the layer of intermediaries who stood between the cultivators and the state. Of all the land reform laws that were passed, this was probably the most effective, for in most areas it succeeded in taking away the superior rights of the zamindars over the land and weakening their economic and political power.
Read the source and answer the following question:
Why was such a reform brought by policymakers after the independence? 1
Section – B
(2 Marks each)
3. The Chipko Movement, an example of the ecological movement, in the Himalayan foothills is a good example of such intermingled interests and ideologies. When government forest contractors came to cut down the trees, villagers, including a large number of women, stepped forward to hug the trees to prevent their being felled. At stake was the question of villagers’ subsistence. All of them relied on the forest to get firewood, fodder and other daily necessities.
(i) Which issue is raised by the given movement? 2
(ii) What was the result of this conflict?
4. What does disinvestment refer to? What is its major limitation? Why are government workers scared of it? 2
5. Which situation is called alienation by Marx? 2
6. Mention the components of employment opportunities. 2
7. Write the features of Taylorism or industrial engineering system. 2
8. Evaluate the problems faced by mining workers. Also, mention the effects on their health. 2
How does the Sanskritisation of a group improve its position in the local caste hierarchy?
9. How does the ‘Land Ceiling Act’ affect people in rural areas after the country got independence? What was the ‘Land Ceiling Act’? 2
Section – C
(4 Marks each)
10. How did British colonialism directly interfere to ensure greatest profit and benefit to the British capitalism? 4
11. What is the impact of the agrarian structure on the agricultural sector? What is the impact of Indian agrarian structure on the overall agricultural sector of the country? 4
In most of the Green Revolution areas, it was primarily the medium and large farmers who were able to benefit from the new technology. Give reasons.
12. What was the general pattern of trade during the colonial regime? 4
Section – D
(6 Marks each)
13. Give a detailed account on the establishment of All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC) and its ideologies. 6
What are the social implications of the small size of the organised sector?
14. Analyse the new farmer’s movement and its ideology in detail. 6
Solution of Sample Paper
Section – A
1. The given chart indicates that the percent share of the urban population is increasing but the decennial growth rate of the urban population shows a decreasing trend. 1
2. The policymakers felt that a major reform in the agrarian structure, and especially in the landholding system and the distribution of land, was necessary if agriculture were to progress. 1
Section – B
3. (i) The Chipko Movement raised the issue of ecological sustainability
(ii) This conflict placed the livelihood needs of poor villagers against the government’s desire to generate revenues from selling timber. 1+1=2
4. (i) The government tries to sell its share in several public sector companies, a process which is known as disinvestment
(ii) Many government workers are scared that after disinvestment they will lose their jobs. 2
5. Marx called this situation alienation, when people do not enjoy work, and see it as something they have to do only to survive, and even that survival depends on whether the technology has room for any human labour 2
6. Employment opportunities have two important components: (i) job in an organisation as a casual wage labourer or regular salaried (ii) Self-employment. 2
7. (i) Under his system, all work was broken down into its smallest repetitive elements and divided between workers.
(ii) Workers were timed with the help of stopwatches and had to fulfil a certain target everyday. 2
8. Workers in underground mines face very dangerous conditions, due to flooding, fire, the collapse of roofs and sides, etc. Many workers develop breathing problems and diseases like tuberculosis and silicosis. 2
Sanskritisation can lead to positional change by either an improvement in the economic or political position of the group concerned or a higher group self consciousness resulting from its contact with a source of the ‘Great Tradition’ of Hinduism.
9. (i) The Land Ceiling Act’ imposed an upper limit on the amount of land that can be owned by a particular family.
(ii) The ceiling varies from region to region, depending on the kind of land, its productivity, and other such factors. 2
Section – C
10. • It was based on a capitalist system. Every policy was geared towards the strengthening and expansion of British capitalism. For instance, it changed the very laws of the land. It changed not just land ownership laws but decided even what crops ought to be grown and what ought not to be. It meddled with the manufacturing sector.
• It altered the way the production and distribution of goods took place.
• It entered into the forests. It cleared trees and started tea plantations.
• It brought in Forest Acts that changed the lives of pastoralists. 4
11. (i) The agrarian structure varies greatly across India, and the progress of land reforms has also been uneven across the states.
(ii) On the whole, however, it can be said that the agrarian structure, although it has changed substantially from colonial times to the present, remains highly unequal.
(iii) This structure puts constraints on agricultural productivity.
(iv) Land reforms are necessary not only to boost agricultural growth but also to eradicate poverty in rural areas and bring about social justice. 4
(i) This was because inputs were expensive and small and marginal farmers could not afford to spend as much as large farmers to purchase these inputs.
(ii) Medium and large agriculturists or farmers are those who can produce a surplus, over and above the needs of the family, and so are linked to the market.
(iii) It was these farmers who were able to produce a surplus for the market reap the most benefits from the Green Revolution and from the commercialisation of agriculture that followed.
12. (i) The general pattern of trade set up by the colonial regime was one under which raw materials were procured from India and goods manufactured in the United Kingdom were marketed in the colony.
(ii) These factories were, thus established in the port towns of Calcutta (Kolkata) and Bombay (Mumbai). Later factories were also set up in Madras (Chennai).
(iii) Tea plantations in Assam were established as early as 1839.
(iv) In the early stages of colonialism, labour was very cheap as the colonial government did not regulate either wages or working conditions. 4
Section – D
13. (i) In 1920, the All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC) was formed in Bombay. The AITUC was a broad-based organisation involving diverse ideologies.
(ii) The main ideological groups were the communists led by S.A. Dange and M.N. Roy the moderates led by M. Joshi and V.V Giri and the nationalist movements, which involved people like Lala Lajpat Rai and Jawaharlal Nehru.
(iii) The formation of the AITUC made the colonial government more cautious in dealing with labour. It attempted to grant workers some concessions to contain the unrest.
(iv) In 1922, the government passed the fourth Factories Act which reduced the working day to 10 hours.
(v) In 1926, the Trade Unions Act was passed, which provided for the registration of trade unions and proposed some regulations.
(vi) By the mid-1920s, the AITUC had nearly 200 unions affiliated with it and its membership stood at around 250,000. 6
• It means that very few people have the experience of employment in large firms where they get to meet people from other regions and backgrounds.
• A very few Indians have access to secure jobs with benefits. Of those who do, two-thirds work for the government. This is why people strive hard to get into government jobs. The rest are forced to depend on their children in their old age.
• Since very few people are members of unions, a feature of the organised sector, the unorganised or informal sector workers do not have the experience of collectively fighting for proper wages and safe working conditions. The government has laws to monitor conditions in the unorganised sector, but in practice, they are left to the whims and fancies of the employer or contractor.
14. (i) The so-called ‘new farmer’s movements began in the 1970s in Punjab and Tamil Nadu. These movements were regionally organised, were non-party, and involved farmers rather than peasants (farmers are said to be market-involved as both commodity producers and purchasers).
(ii) The basic ideology of the movement was strongly anti-state and anti-urban.
(iii) The focus of demand was ‘price and related issues’ (for example price procurement, remunerative prices, prices for agricultural inputs, taxation, non-repayment of loans).
(iv) Novel methods of agitation were used: blocking of roads and railways, refusing politicians’ and bureaucrats’ entry to villages, and so on.
(v) It has been argued that the farmers’ movements have broadened their agenda and ideology and include environmental and women’s issues.
(vi) Therefore, they can be seen as a part of the worldwide ‘new social movements’. 6