Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 7 Glimpses of India
|( I ) A Baker from Goa :-|
1. Textbook Questions
2. Intext Questions ( Oral Comprehensive Check )
|( II ) Coorg :-|
1. Textbook Questions
|( III ) Tea from Assam :-|
1. Textbook Questions
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NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 7 Glimpses of India
Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 7 Glimpses of India
( I ) A Baker from Goa
B. Thinking about the Text
1. Which of these statements are correct ?
( i ) The pader was an important person in a village in the old times .
Ans . Correct .
( ii ) Paders still exist in Goan villages .
Ans . Correct .
( iii ) The Paders went away with the Portuguese .
Ans . Incorrect .
( iv ) The Paders continue to wear a single piece long frock .
Ans . Incorrect .
( v ) Bread and cakes were an integral part of Goan life in the old days .
Ans . Correct .
( vi ) Traditional bread baking is still a very profitable business .
Ans . Correct .
( vii ) Paders and their families starve in the present times .
Ans . Incorrect .
2. Is bread an important part of Goan life ? How do you know this ?
Ans . Bread forms an important part of Goan life . Their festivals and other occasions will become meaningless without it . Marriage gifts have no value without the sweet bread . On the occasion of her daughter’s marriage , a lady must prepare sandwiches .
3. Tick the right answer . What is the tone of the author when he says the following ?
( i ) The thud and the jingle of the traditional bakers bamboo can still be heard in some places . ( nostalgic , hopeful , sad )
Ans . Nostalgic
( ii ) May be the father is not alive but the son still carries on the family profession . ( nostalgic , hopeful , sad )
Ans . Hopeful .
( iii ) I still recall the typical fragrance of these loaves . ( nostalgic , hopeful , naughty )
Ans . Nostalgic .
( iv ) The tiger never brushed his teeth . Hot tea could wash and clean up everything so nicely , ( naughty , angry , funny ) after all .
Ans . Funny .
( v ) Cakes and bolinhas are a must for Christmas as well as other festivals . ( sad , hopeful , matter – of – fact )
Ans . Matter of fact .
( vi ) The baker and his family never starved . They always looked happy and prosperous ( matter of fact hopeful , sad ) .
Ans . Matter – of – fact .
I. In this extract , the author talks about traditional bread – baking during his childhood days . Complete table with the help of clues on the left . Then write a paragraph about the author’s childhood days .
Author’s Childhood days Clues The way bread was baked What the pader wore When the pader was paid How the pader looked BREAD – BAKING
During the childhood days of the author the bread was baked in the furnace . The bakers were called the paders . The baker used to be friendly and visited the house twice a day , i.e. , morning and evening . The jingling thud of his bamboo woke up the children from sleep . On hearing the noise , they ran to greet him . They liked bread bangles . Sometimes there were sweet breads of special make . When the baker put his basket , the children would climb on the parapet but they were pushed aside . Bread bangles were meant for the children . The bread seller wore a special dress known a Kabai . Today they wear half pant which reaches just below knees . Their bills were paid at the end of the month . The paders had a jackfruit like appearance because of their plums physique .
II . 1. Compare the piece from the text ( on the left below ) with this other piece on Goan bakers ( on the right ) . What makes the two texts so different ? Are the facts the same ? Da both writers give you picture of the baker ?
Our elders are often heard reminiscing nostalgically about those good old Portuguese days . The Portuguese and their famous loaves of bread . Those eaters of loaves might have vanished but the makers are still there . We still have amongst us the mixers , the moulders and those who bake the loaves . Those age old time tested furnaces still exist . The fire in the furnaces had not yet been extinguished . The thud and the jingle of the traditional baker’s bamboo , heralding his arrival in the morning , can still be heard in some places . May be the father is not alive but the son still carries on the family profession .
After Goa’s liberation , people used to say nostalgically that the Portuguese bread vanished with the paders . But the paders have managed to survive because they have perfected the art of door delivery service . The paders pick up the knowledge of bread making from traditions in the family . The leavened , over – baked bread is a gift of the Portuguese to India .
( Adapted from Nanda Kumar Kamat’s The unsung lives of Goan Paders ‘ ) .
Ans . Both the pieces are different . The piece on the left gives a vivid and correct description of the baker but on the right it is hazy and different . Their language and the text fail to serve the real purpose .
2. Now find a travel brochure about a place you have visited . Look at the description in the brochure . Then write your own account , adding details from your own experience to give the reader a picture of the place , rather than an impersonal factual description .
For our best understanding let us study the following paragraph .
A Visit to Delhi
Being adjacent to Delhi , we had an educational tour of Delhi . We were four friends . We hired a taxi and reached the Qutab Minar . It is the highest tower in India . Then we reached the Palam Airport . The aeroplanes added to our knowledge . We turned our taxi towards the Buddha Jayanti Park and neared the India Gate . We were happy to see the Amar Jawan Jyoti . It reminded us of our brave soldiers . The Parliament House , the Rashtrapati Bhawan and the Jantar Mantar are the wonderful works of art . They filled our heart with delight . The Rashtrapati Bhawan is really awe inspiring . Having a glance at the Zoo , we returned towards the Red Fort . It is the Mughal art of architecture . There was a large crowd to see the Diwan – e – aam , Diwan – e – khas and the Rang Mahal . Our hearts were full of wonder and joy .
D. Group Discussion
1. In groups , collect information on how bakeries bake bread now and how the process has changed over time .
Ans . The students will make a request and arrange a visit to any neighbouring bakers unit . They will collect the information and jot down the points involved in the different processes . Then they will present it in class in the shape of a paragraph since everything is automatic . The man is only to handle the machinery and note its proper functioning .
2. There are a number of craft – based professions which are dying out . Pick one of the crafts below . Make group presentation to the class about the skills required , and the possible reasons for decline of the craft Can you think of ways to revive these crafts ?
1. Pottery 2. Carpenter
3. Batik work 4. Bamboo Weaving
5. Dhurrie ( rug ) weaving 6. Making Jute Products
7. Embroidery 8. Handloom
Ans . Not only the above mentioned craft based professions are declining but also so many others have come to a stand still . It is because the modern innovations and techniques are so advanced that the ancient techniques are very costly , time consuming , laborious , troublesome , ancient , complicated and tensed.
For the revival of any craft much depends on the policies of the government . It is a matter of worth understanding as to who will use the traditional modes when he is getting more accurate , less costly item in the twinkling of an eye .
A. Oral Comprehension Check
( PAGE 86 )
1. What are the elders in Goa nostalgic about ?
Ans . The elders in Goa are much fond of loaves of bread . These were Portuguese days and the people liked the breads of different types very much .
2. Is bread making still popular in Goa ? How do you know ?
Ans . Bread – making is still very popular in Goa . Still we can see the mixers , the moulders and those who bake the loaves . Most of their festivals and other occasions will become meaningless without the loaves of bread . The ladies of the house prepare sandwiches on the occasion of their daughters engagement .
3. What is the baker called ?
Ans . In Goa , the baker is called Pader . They wear special dresses .
4. When would the baker come everyday ? Why did the children run to meet him ?
Ans . The baker would come at least twice a day . The morning was his selling round and he returned after selling them . Children ran to meet and greet him because they needed bread – bangles from him . They also got sweet bread of a special make .
( PAGE 87 )
1. Match the following . What is a must ?
Ans . ( i ) As marriage gift – Sweet bread called ‘ bol ‘ .
( ii ) For a party or a feast – Bread .
( iii ) For daughter’s engagement – Sandwiches .
( iv ) For Christmas – Cakes and bolinhas .
2. What did the bakers wear ( i ) in the Portuguese days ( ii ) When the author was young ?
Ans . ( i ) In the Portuguese days The baker wore a particular dress called Kabai . It was a single – piece long frock reaching down to the knees .
( ii ) When the author was young – The baker wore shirts and trousers , which were shorter than full length ones and longer than half pants .
3. Who invites the comment , he is dressed like a Pader ? Why ?
Ans . A person who were a half – pant which reaches just below knees , invites the comment – he is dressed like a pader ‘ . If is so because paders used to wear half – pants .
4. Where were the monthly accounts of the baker recorded ?
Ans . The monthly accounts of the baker were recorded on a wall , written with a pencil .
5. What does a Jack – fruit like appearance mean ?
Ans . A Jack – fruit is healthy and plump . So the person having the physique like a jack – fruit is compared to a baker . He is rather a fat and healthy person .
OTHER IMPORTANT QUESTIONS
1. What does the author tell about the baker when he was a child in Goa ?
Ans . The author told that during his childhood the baker used to be friendly . The baker visited the house twice a day . The jingling sound of his bamboo woke him from sleep and he ran to greet him .
2. What was favourite with the children ?
Ans . The maid – servant of the house bought the loaves . But the children liked the bread – bangles . They were favourite among the children . Sometimes they got the sweet bread of special make .
( II ) Coorg
A. Thinking about the Text
1. Where is Coorg ?
Ans . Coorg is situated midway between Mysore and the coastal town of Mangalore . It is paradise on this earth . It is so beautiful a place that it is said it must have drifted from the kingdom of God .
2. What is the story about the Kodagu People’s descent ?
Ans . There are many stories about the Kodagu people’s descent . One of the stories tells that a part of Alexander’s army , while moving south along the coast , did not return . They settled there and formed marital relations with the local people . One can find the difference between their traditions and the other Hindus . Thus , these are Greek or Arabic descent .
The theory of Arab origin supports that the Kodagus wear long black coat with an embroidered waist belt known as Kuppia . It resembles the Kuffia worn by the Arabs and the Kurds .
3. What are some of the things you now know about .
( i ) The people of Coorg .
Ans . They are hospitable and friendly . They tell the tales of bravery of their sons and fathers .
( ii ) The main crop of Coorg .
Ans . Coffee plantation is the main crop of Coorg .
( iii ) What sports it offers to the tourists ?
Ans . These are river – rafting , canoeing , rappelling , rock – climbing , mountain biking and walking trails .
( iv ) What animals you are likely to see in Coorg ?
Ans . These are elephants , langurs , and macaques .
( v ) Its distance from Banglore , and how to get there .
Ans . From Bangalore it is around 250-260 kms . By road there are two routes . The route via Mysore is often frequented one . The other route is via Nelamangal , Kunigal , Channarayapatna .
4. Here are six sentences with some words in italics . Find phrases from the text that have the same meaning ( Look at the paragraph indicated . )
( i ) During monsoons it rains so heavily that tourists do not visit Coorg . ( Para 2 )
Ans . keep away .
( ii ) Some people say that Alexander’s army moved South along the coast and settled there . ( para 3 )
Ans . a part of
( ii ) The Coorg people are always ready to tell stories of their sons and fathers valour . ( Para 4 )
Ans . willing to .
( iv ) Even people who normally lead an easy and slow life get smitten by the high energy adventure sports of Coorg . ( Para 6 )
Ans . The most laid back individuals become active and energetic .
( v ) The theory of the Arab origin is supported by the long coat with embroidered waist belt they wear . ( Para 3 )
Ans . draws support .
( vi ) Macaques , Malabar squirrels , observe you carefully from the tree canopy . ( Para 7 )
Ans . keep a watchful eye .
B. Thinking about Language
Collocations Means place together , ex .: a beautiful flower , wide stream , fast friend etc.
Certain words ‘ go together . Such word friends are called collocations . The collocation of a word is the company it keeps .
For example , look at the paired sentences and phrase below . Which is a common collocation , and which one is odd ? Strike out the odd sentences or phrase .
( a ) How old are you ?
How young you are ?
( b ) A pleasant person , a pleasant pillow ,
1. Here are some nouns from the text .
Culture , monks , surprise , experience , weather , tradition , wide .
Work with a partner and discuss which of the noun can collocate with which of the adjective . The first one has been done for you .
unique , terrible , unforgettable , serious , ancient , wide , sudden .
( 1 ) Culture – Unique culture , ancient culture .
Ans . ( i ) monks – unforgettable monks , unique monks .
( ii ) surprise – terrible surprise , sudden surprise .
( iii ) experience – wide experience , serious experience .
( iv ) weather – unforgettable weather , nasty weather .
( v ) tradition – ancient tradition , unique tradition .
2. Complete the following phrases from the text . For each phrase , can you find at least one other word that would fit into the blank ?
( i ) tales of ( ii ) coastal ( iii ) a piece of ( iv ) evergreen ( v ) plantations ( vi ) bridge ( vii ) wild .
You can add your own examples to this list
Ans . 1 . tales of valour
2. coastal town
3 . a piece of heaven
4 . evergreen rain forests
5 . coffee plantations
6. rope bridge
7. wild creatures
8. other examples
rolling hills , God measures , coffee estates , martial traditions .
OTHER IMPORTANT QUESTIONS
1. When can one visit Coorg ?
Ans . Coorg can be visited between September and March . It is the season of joy during these months . One can enjoy different water sports like rafting and canoeing etc.
( III ) Tea from Assam
A. Thinking about Language
I. 1. Look at these words upkeep , downpour , undergo , dropout , walk – in . They are built up from a verb ( kerp , pour , go , drop , walki , an adverb or article ( up , down , under , out , in ) .
Use these words appropriately in the sentences below . You may consult a dictionary .
Ans . ( i ) A heavy …………. has been forecast due to low pressure in the Bay of Bengal .
Ans . downpour .
( ii ) Rakesh will ……….. major surgery tomorrow morning .
Ans . undergo ,
( iii ) My brother is responsible for the ………… of our family property .
Ans , upkeep .
( iv ) The ………….. rate for this accountancy course is very high
Ans . dropout
( v ) She has gone to the Enterprise company to attend a …………. interview .
Ans. walk – in .
2. Now fill in the blanks in the following sentences by combining the verb given in brackets with one of the words from the box as appropriate .
over , by through , out , up , or down ,
( i ) The army attempted successfully to ……………. the government . ( throw )
Ans . overthrow .
( ii ) Scientists are on the brink of major ………………. in cancer research . ( break )
Ans . outbreak .
( iii ) The state government plans to build a …………….. for Bhubaneswar to speed up traffic on the main highway . ( pass )
Ans . bypass .
( iv ) Gautama’s ……………….. on life changed when he realised that the world is full of sorrow : ( look )
Ans . outlook
( v ) Rakesh seemed unusually ………………… after the game . ( Cast )
Ans . downcast .
II. Notice how these – ‘ ing ‘ and ‘ ed / en ‘ adjectives are used .
( a ) Chess is an interesting game .
( b ) Going trekking in the Himalayas this summer is an exciting idea .
( c ) Are all your school books this boring ?
( d ) He was bored as he had no friends there .
( e ) I am very interested in chess .
( f ) We are very excited about the trek .
He was bored as he had no friends there .
1. Think of suitable – ing or ed / en adjectives to answer the following questions . You may also use a word from those given below .
How would you describe ?
( i ) A good detective serial on television ?
Ans . interesting
( ii ) A debate on your favourite topic ” Homework should be banned ? “
Ans . exciting
( iii ) How you feel when you stay indoors due to incessant rain ?
Ans . boredom .
( iv ) How you feel when you open a present ?
Ans . excited .
( v ) How you feel when you watch your favourite programme on television ?
Ans . excited .
( vi ) The look on your mother’s face as you waited in a queue ?
Ans . boring .
( vii ) How you tell when tracking a tiger in a tiger reserve forest ?
Ans . interesting .
( viii ) The story you have recently read or a film you have seen ?
Ans . exciting .
2 Now use the adjectives in the exercise above , as appropriate , to write a paragraph on Coorg .
A trip to the smallest district of Coorg is very interesting as well as exciting . September to March are the bist months that will give have an invigorating effect on your health . The season of monsoon is boring . One can feel excited in the company of birds , beasts , langurs in the forest . The water games like rafting , canoeing , and rappelling are worth – exciting and do not create boredom for the trekkers . Coorg people show much interest and excitement in the army . The Coorgi Regiment is famous for its valour . There is the largest Indian Tibetan colony . The monks wear interesting robes of Ochre colour .
Speaking and Writing
1. Read the following passage about tea .
India and tea are so intertwined together that life without the brew is unimaginable . Tea entered our life only in the mid – nineteenth century when the British started plantations in Assam and Darjeeling ! In the beginning though , Indians shunned the drink as they thought it was a poison that led to unforeseen diseases . Ironically , tea colonised British where it became a part of their social diary and also led to the establishment of numerous tea houses .
Today , scientific research across the world has attempted to establish the beneficial qualities of tea a fact that Japanese and the Chinese knew anyway from ancient times , attributing to its numerous medicinal properties .
Source History – Tea Anytime , Ranjit Bisuus . The Hindu , Library Review ( Oct. 1 , 2006 )
Collect information about tea e.g. its evaluation as a drink , its beneficial qualities : You can consult an encyclopaedia r visit Internet sites . Then , form a group of five and play the following roles . Imagine a meeting of a tea planter , a sale agent , a tea – lover ( customer ) , a physician and a tea – shop owner . Each person in group has to put forward his / her views about tea . You may use the following words and phrases :
I feel …………..
It is important to know ……………
I disagree with you …………….
I think that tea ……………..
I would like you to know ……………
I agree with …………..
It is my feeling ……………..
I suggest ……………..
May I know why you …………….
I am afraid ……………
It is very important to know that tea has become very favourite with people . None of the festive parties or occasions will be graceful without the availability of hot tea . Assam is the tea home of India and it is exported to other countries . The scientific research has established that tea has medicinal qualities . It gives relief in exhaustion . tooth ache , and blood pressure . It is a real panacea for cold , cough and flu . Today , one can see that there are so many brands of tea . Sipping tea twice a day will never harm our body . In order to have a good flavour one can add cardamom also .
2. You are the sales executive of a famous tea company and you have been asked to draft an advertisement for the product . Draft the advertisement using the information you collected for the role play . You ca draw picture or add photographs and make your advertisement colourful .
Ans . RED LABEL TEA , Company of Assam has come out with its new brand ” Power Tea ” . It removes tiredness , and energises the body . Pack of 200 gram is available from all local stores throughout India . Every pack has a lottery award and can be received from the shop – keeper .
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