NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 7 Glimpses of India

Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 7 Glimpses of India

( I ) A Baker from Goa :-
1. Textbook Questions
2. Intext Questions
( Oral Comprehensive Check )
( II ) Coorg :-
1. Textbook Questions
( III ) Tea from Assam :-
1. Textbook Questions

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 7 Glimpses of India, in this step-by-step answer guide. In some of State Boards and CBSE schools, students are taught thru NCERT books. As the chapter comes to an end, students are requested few questions in an exercising to evaluate their expertise of the chapter. Students regularly want guidance managing those NCERT Solutions.

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NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 7 Glimpses of India

Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 7 Glimpses of India

( I ) A Baker from Goa


Textbook Questions


B. Thinking about the Text

1. Which of these statements are correct ?

( i ) The pader was an important person in a village in the old times .

Ans . Correct .

( ii ) Paders still exist in Goan villages .

Ans . Correct .

( iii ) The Paders went away with the Portuguese .

Ans . Incorrect .

( iv ) The Paders continue to wear a single piece long frock .

Ans . Incorrect .

( v ) Bread and cakes were an integral part of Goan life in the old days .

Ans . Correct .

( vi ) Traditional bread baking is still a very profitable business .

Ans . Correct .

( vii ) Paders and their families starve in the present times .

Ans . Incorrect .

2. Is bread an important part of Goan life ? How do you know this ?

Ans . Bread forms an important part of Goan life . Their festivals and other occasions will become meaningless without it . Marriage gifts have no value without the sweet bread . On the occasion of her daughter’s marriage , a lady must prepare sandwiches .

3. Tick the right answer . What is the tone of the author when he says the following ?

( i ) The thud and the jingle of the traditional bakers bamboo can still be heard in some places . ( nostalgic , hopeful , sad )

Ans . Nostalgic

( ii ) May be the father is not alive but the son still carries on the family profession . ( nostalgic , hopeful , sad )

Ans . Hopeful .

( iii ) I still recall the typical fragrance of these loaves . ( nostalgic , hopeful , naughty )

Ans . Nostalgic .

( iv ) The tiger never brushed his teeth . Hot tea could wash and clean up everything so nicely , ( naughty , angry , funny ) after all .

Ans . Funny .

( v ) Cakes and bolinhas are a must for Christmas as well as other festivals . ( sad , hopeful , matter – of – fact )

Ans . Matter of fact .

( vi ) The baker and his family never starved . They always looked happy and prosperous ( matter of fact hopeful , sad ) .

Ans . Matter – of – fact .

C. Writing

I. In this extract , the author talks about traditional bread – baking during his childhood days . Complete table with the help of clues on the left . Then write a paragraph about the author’s childhood days .

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Author’s Childhood days Clues The way bread was baked What the pader wore When the pader was paid How the pader looked BREAD – BAKING

Ans .

During the childhood days of the author the bread was baked in the furnace . The bakers were called the paders . The baker used to be friendly and visited the house twice a day , i.e. , morning and evening . The jingling thud of his bamboo woke up the children from sleep . On hearing the noise , they ran to greet him . They liked bread bangles . Sometimes there were sweet breads of special make . When the baker put his basket , the children would climb on the parapet but they were pushed aside . Bread bangles were meant for the children . The bread seller wore a special dress known a Kabai . Today they wear half pant which reaches just below knees . Their bills were paid at the end of the month . The paders had a jackfruit like appearance because of their plums physique .

II . 1. Compare the piece from the text ( on the left below ) with this other piece on Goan bakers ( on the right ) . What makes the two texts so different ? Are the facts the same ? Da both writers give you picture of the baker ?

Our elders are often heard reminiscing nostalgically about those good old Portuguese days . The Portuguese and their famous loaves of bread . Those eaters of loaves might have vanished but the makers are still there . We still have amongst us the mixers , the moulders and those who bake the loaves . Those age old time tested furnaces still exist . The fire in the furnaces had not yet been extinguished . The thud and the jingle of the traditional baker’s bamboo , heralding his arrival in the morning , can still be heard in some places . May be the father is not alive but the son still carries on the family profession .

After Goa’s liberation , people used to say nostalgically that the Portuguese bread vanished with the paders . But the paders have managed to survive because they have perfected the art of door delivery service . The paders pick up the knowledge of bread making from traditions in the family . The leavened , over – baked bread is a gift of the Portuguese to India .

( Adapted from Nanda Kumar Kamat’s The unsung lives of Goan Paders ‘ ) .

Ans . Both the pieces are different . The piece on the left gives a vivid and correct description of the baker but on the right it is hazy and different . Their language and the text fail to serve the real purpose .

2. Now find a travel brochure about a place you have visited . Look at the description in the brochure . Then write your own account , adding details from your own experience to give the reader a picture of the place , rather than an impersonal factual description .

For our best understanding let us study the following paragraph .

A Visit to Delhi

Being adjacent to Delhi , we had an educational tour of Delhi . We were four friends . We hired a taxi and reached the Qutab Minar . It is the highest tower in India . Then we reached the Palam Airport . The aeroplanes added to our knowledge . We turned our taxi towards the Buddha Jayanti Park and neared the India Gate . We were happy to see the Amar Jawan Jyoti . It reminded us of our brave soldiers . The Parliament House , the Rashtrapati Bhawan and the Jantar Mantar are the wonderful works of art . They filled our heart with delight . The Rashtrapati Bhawan is really awe inspiring . Having a glance at the Zoo , we returned towards the Red Fort . It is the Mughal art of architecture . There was a large crowd to see the Diwan – e – aam , Diwan – e – khas and the Rang Mahal . Our hearts were full of wonder and joy .

D. Group Discussion

1. In groups , collect information on how bakeries bake bread now and how the process has changed over time .

Ans . The students will make a request and arrange a visit to any neighbouring bakers unit . They will collect the information and jot down the points involved in the different processes . Then they will present it in class in the shape of a paragraph since everything is automatic . The man is only to handle the machinery and note its proper functioning .

2. There are a number of craft – based professions which are dying out . Pick one of the crafts below . Make group presentation to the class about the skills required , and the possible reasons for decline of the craft Can you think of ways to revive these crafts ?

1. Pottery 2. Carpenter

3. Batik work 4. Bamboo Weaving

5. Dhurrie ( rug ) weaving 6. Making Jute Products

7. Embroidery 8. Handloom

Ans . Not only the above mentioned craft based professions are declining but also so many others have come to a stand still . It is because the modern innovations and techniques are so advanced that the ancient techniques are very costly , time consuming , laborious , troublesome , ancient , complicated and tensed.

For the revival of any craft much depends on the policies of the government . It is a matter of worth understanding as to who will use the traditional modes when he is getting more accurate , less costly item in the twinkling of an eye .

A. Oral Comprehension Check

( PAGE 86 )

1. What are the elders in Goa nostalgic about ?

Ans . The elders in Goa are much fond of loaves of bread . These were Portuguese days and the people liked the breads of different types very much .

2. Is bread making still popular in Goa ? How do you know ?

Ans . Bread – making is still very popular in Goa . Still we can see the mixers , the moulders and those who bake the loaves . Most of their festivals and other occasions will become meaningless without the loaves of bread . The ladies of the house prepare sandwiches on the occasion of their daughters engagement .

3. What is the baker called ?

Ans . In Goa , the baker is called Pader . They wear special dresses .

4. When would the baker come everyday ? Why did the children run to meet him ?

Ans . The baker would come at least twice a day . The morning was his selling round and he returned after selling them . Children ran to meet and greet him because they needed bread – bangles from him . They also got sweet bread of a special make .

( PAGE 87 )

1. Match the following . What is a must ?

Ans . ( i ) As marriage gift – Sweet bread called ‘ bol ‘ .

( ii ) For a party or a feast – Bread .

( iii ) For daughter’s engagement – Sandwiches .

( iv ) For Christmas – Cakes and bolinhas .

2. What did the bakers wear ( i ) in the Portuguese days ( ii ) When the author was young ?

Ans . ( i ) In the Portuguese days The baker wore a particular dress called Kabai . It was a single – piece long frock reaching down to the knees .

( ii ) When the author was young – The baker wore shirts and trousers , which were shorter than full length ones and longer than half pants .

3. Who invites the comment , he is dressed like a Pader ? Why ?

Ans . A person who were a half – pant which reaches just below knees , invites the comment – he is dressed like a pader ‘ . If is so because paders used to wear half – pants .

4. Where were the monthly accounts of the baker recorded ?

Ans . The monthly accounts of the baker were recorded on a wall , written with a pencil .

5. What does a Jack – fruit like appearance mean ?

Ans . A Jack – fruit is healthy and plump . So the person having the physique like a jack – fruit is compared to a baker . He is rather a fat and healthy person .


1. What does the author tell about the baker when he was a child in Goa ?

Ans . The author told that during his childhood the baker used to be friendly . The baker visited the house twice a day . The jingling sound of his bamboo woke him from sleep and he ran to greet him .

2. What was favourite with the children ?

Ans . The maid – servant of the house bought the loaves . But the children liked the bread – bangles . They were favourite among the children . Sometimes they got the sweet bread of special make .


( II ) Coorg


Textbook Questions


A. Thinking about the Text

1. Where is Coorg ?

Ans . Coorg is situated midway between Mysore and the coastal town of Mangalore . It is paradise on this earth . It is so beautiful a place that it is said it must have drifted from the kingdom of God .

2. What is the story about the Kodagu People’s descent ?

Ans . There are many stories about the Kodagu people’s descent . One of the stories tells that a part of Alexander’s army , while moving south along the coast , did not return . They settled there and formed marital relations with the local people . One can find the difference between their traditions and the other Hindus . Thus , these are Greek or Arabic descent .

The theory of Arab origin supports that the Kodagus wear long black coat with an embroidered waist belt known as Kuppia . It resembles the Kuffia worn by the Arabs and the Kurds .

3. What are some of the things you now know about .

( i ) The people of Coorg .

Ans . They are hospitable and friendly . They tell the tales of bravery of their sons and fathers .

( ii ) The main crop of Coorg .

Ans . Coffee plantation is the main crop of Coorg .

( iii ) What sports it offers to the tourists ?

Ans . These are river – rafting , canoeing , rappelling , rock – climbing , mountain biking and walking trails .

( iv ) What animals you are likely to see in Coorg ?

Ans . These are elephants , langurs , and macaques .

( v ) Its distance from Banglore , and how to get there .

Ans . From Bangalore it is around 250-260 kms . By road there are two routes . The route via Mysore is often frequented one . The other route is via Nelamangal , Kunigal , Channarayapatna .

4. Here are six sentences with some words in italics . Find phrases from the text that have the same meaning ( Look at the paragraph indicated . )

( i ) During monsoons it rains so heavily that tourists do not visit Coorg . ( Para 2 )

Ans . keep away .

( ii ) Some people say that Alexander’s army moved South along the coast and settled there . ( para 3 )

Ans . a part of

( ii ) The Coorg people are always ready to tell stories of their sons and fathers valour . ( Para 4 )

Ans . willing to .

( iv ) Even people who normally lead an easy and slow life get smitten by the high energy adventure sports of Coorg . ( Para 6 )

Ans . The most laid back individuals become active and energetic .

( v ) The theory of the Arab origin is supported by the long coat with embroidered waist belt they wear . ( Para 3 )

Ans . draws support .

( vi ) Macaques , Malabar squirrels , observe you carefully from the tree canopy . ( Para 7 )

Ans . keep a watchful eye .

B. Thinking about Language

Collocations Means place together , ex .: a beautiful flower , wide stream , fast friend etc.

Certain words ‘ go together . Such word friends are called collocations . The collocation of a word is the company it keeps .

For example , look at the paired sentences and phrase below . Which is a common collocation , and which one is odd ? Strike out the odd sentences or phrase .

( a ) How old are you ?

How young you are ?

( b ) A pleasant person , a pleasant pillow ,

1. Here are some nouns from the text .

Culture , monks , surprise , experience , weather , tradition , wide .

Work with a partner and discuss which of the noun can collocate with which of the adjective . The first one has been done for you .

unique , terrible , unforgettable , serious , ancient , wide , sudden .

( 1 ) Culture – Unique culture , ancient culture .

Ans . ( i ) monks – unforgettable monks , unique monks .

( ii ) surprise – terrible surprise , sudden surprise .

( iii ) experience – wide experience , serious experience .

( iv ) weather – unforgettable weather , nasty weather .

( v ) tradition – ancient tradition , unique tradition .

2. Complete the following phrases from the text . For each phrase , can you find at least one other word that would fit into the blank ?

( i ) tales of ( ii ) coastal ( iii ) a piece of ( iv ) evergreen ( v ) plantations ( vi ) bridge ( vii ) wild .

You can add your own examples to this list

Ans . 1 . tales of valour

2. coastal town

3 . a piece of heaven

4 . evergreen rain forests

5 . coffee plantations

6. rope bridge

7. wild creatures

8. other examples

rolling hills , God measures , coffee estates , martial traditions .


1. When can one visit Coorg ?

Ans . Coorg can be visited between September and March . It is the season of joy during these months . One can enjoy different water sports like rafting and canoeing etc.


( III ) Tea from Assam


Textbook Questions


A. Thinking about Language

I. 1. Look at these words upkeep , downpour , undergo , dropout , walk – in . They are built up from a verb ( kerp , pour , go , drop , walki , an adverb or article ( up , down , under , out , in ) .

Use these words appropriately in the sentences below . You may consult a dictionary .

Ans . ( i ) A heavy …………. has been forecast due to low pressure in the Bay of Bengal .

Ans . downpour .

( ii ) Rakesh will ……….. major surgery tomorrow morning .

Ans . undergo ,

( iii ) My brother is responsible for the ………… of our family property .

Ans , upkeep .

( iv ) The ………….. rate for this accountancy course is very high

Ans . dropout

( v ) She has gone to the Enterprise company to attend a …………. interview .

Ans. walk – in .

2. Now fill in the blanks in the following sentences by combining the verb given in brackets with one of the words from the box as appropriate .

over , by through , out , up , or down ,

( i ) The army attempted successfully to ……………. the government . ( throw )

Ans . overthrow .

( ii ) Scientists are on the brink of major ………………. in cancer research . ( break )

Ans . outbreak .

( iii ) The state government plans to build a …………….. for Bhubaneswar to speed up traffic on the main highway . ( pass )

Ans . bypass .

( iv ) Gautama’s ……………….. on life changed when he realised that the world is full of sorrow : ( look )

Ans . outlook

( v ) Rakesh seemed unusually ………………… after the game . ( Cast )

Ans . downcast .

II. Notice how these – ‘ ing ‘ and ‘ ed / en ‘ adjectives are used .

( a ) Chess is an interesting game .

( b ) Going trekking in the Himalayas this summer is an exciting idea .

( c ) Are all your school books this boring ?

( d ) He was bored as he had no friends there .

( e ) I am very interested in chess .

( f ) We are very excited about the trek .

He was bored as he had no friends there .

1. Think of suitable – ing or ed / en adjectives to answer the following questions . You may also use a word from those given below .

How would you describe ?

( i ) A good detective serial on television ?

Ans . interesting

( ii ) A debate on your favourite topic ” Homework should be banned ? “

Ans . exciting

( iii ) How you feel when you stay indoors due to incessant rain ?

Ans . boredom .

( iv ) How you feel when you open a present ?

Ans . excited .

( v ) How you feel when you watch your favourite programme on television ?

Ans . excited .

( vi ) The look on your mother’s face as you waited in a queue ?

Ans . boring .

( vii ) How you tell when tracking a tiger in a tiger reserve forest ?

Ans . interesting .

( viii ) The story you have recently read or a film you have seen ?

Ans . exciting .

2 Now use the adjectives in the exercise above , as appropriate , to write a paragraph on Coorg .

Ans .


A trip to the smallest district of Coorg is very interesting as well as exciting . September to March are the bist months that will give have an invigorating effect on your health . The season of monsoon is boring . One can feel excited in the company of birds , beasts , langurs in the forest . The water games like rafting , canoeing , and rappelling are worth – exciting and do not create boredom for the trekkers . Coorg people show much interest and excitement in the army . The Coorgi Regiment is famous for its valour . There is the largest Indian Tibetan colony . The monks wear interesting robes of Ochre colour .

Speaking and Writing

1. Read the following passage about tea .

India and tea are so intertwined together that life without the brew is unimaginable . Tea entered our life only in the mid – nineteenth century when the British started plantations in Assam and Darjeeling ! In the beginning though , Indians shunned the drink as they thought it was a poison that led to unforeseen diseases . Ironically , tea colonised British where it became a part of their social diary and also led to the establishment of numerous tea houses .

Today , scientific research across the world has attempted to establish the beneficial qualities of tea a fact that Japanese and the Chinese knew anyway from ancient times , attributing to its numerous medicinal properties .

Source History – Tea Anytime , Ranjit Bisuus . The Hindu , Library Review ( Oct. 1 , 2006 )

Collect information about tea e.g. its evaluation as a drink , its beneficial qualities : You can consult an encyclopaedia r visit Internet sites . Then , form a group of five and play the following roles . Imagine a meeting of a tea planter , a sale agent , a tea – lover ( customer ) , a physician and a tea – shop owner . Each person in group has to put forward his / her views about tea . You may use the following words and phrases :

I feel …………..

It is important to know ……………

I disagree with you …………….

I think that tea ……………..

I would like you to know ……………

I agree with …………..

It is my feeling ……………..

I suggest ……………..

May I know why you …………….

I am afraid ……………

Ans .


It is very important to know that tea has become very favourite with people . None of the festive parties or occasions will be graceful without the availability of hot tea . Assam is the tea home of India and it is exported to other countries . The scientific research has established that tea has medicinal qualities . It gives relief in exhaustion . tooth ache , and blood pressure . It is a real panacea for cold , cough and flu . Today , one can see that there are so many brands of tea . Sipping tea twice a day will never harm our body . In order to have a good flavour one can add cardamom also .

2. You are the sales executive of a famous tea company and you have been asked to draft an advertisement for the product . Draft the advertisement using the information you collected for the role play . You ca draw picture or add photographs and make your advertisement colourful .

Ans . RED LABEL TEA , Company of Assam has come out with its new brand ” Power Tea ” . It removes tiredness , and energises the body . Pack of 200 gram is available from all local stores throughout India . Every pack has a lottery award and can be received from the shop – keeper .

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