NCERT Solution for Class 10 English First Flight Chapter -2 Nelson Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom

Class 10 English First Flight Chapter -2 Nelson Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom

1. Textbook Questions
2. Intext Questions (Oral Comprehensive Check)

NCERT Solution for Class 10 English First Flight Chapter -2 Nelson Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom in this step-by-step answer guide. In some of State Boards and CBSE schools, students are taught thru NCERT books. As the chapter comes to an end, students are requested few questions in an exercising to evaluate their expertise of the chapter. Students regularly want guidance managing those NCERT Solutions.

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NCERT Solution for Class 10 English First Flight Chapter -2 Nelson Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom

Class 10 English First Flight Chapter -2 Nelson Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom

Textbook Questions


B. Thinking about the text

( PAGE 24 )

1. Why did such a large number of international leaders attend the inauguration ? What did it signify the triumph of ?

Ans . A large number of international leaders attended the inauguration because they had come to witness the formation of the first ( ever democratic . non – racial government in South Africa , after almost three centuries of the white skinned rule . It signified the triumph of humanity and democracy .

2. What does Mandela mean , when he says he is simply the sum of all those African patriots who had gone before him ?

Ans . Mandela says that he is simply the sum of all those African patriots ‘ who had gone before him because that day of independence had come through the unimaginable sacrifices of thousands of his people , whose suffering and courage could never be counted or repaid . Today , they were not there to see what they had done and helped to achieve .

3. Would you agree that the depths of oppression create the heights of character ? How does Mandela illustrate this ? Can you add your example to this argument ?

Ans . Yes , we agree with the fact that the depths of oppression create the heights of character . From decades of oppression emerged men like Yusuf Dadoos , Bram Fischers , Robert Sobukwes , who were the great freedom fighters of South Africa . They had extraordinary courage , wisdom and generosity and because of those traits these people were able to bear the depths of oppression of the rulers . Strong character can only produce strong men who are physically and mentally strong .

Mahatma Gandhi , Sardar Patel , Jawaharlal Nehru , Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan , Bhagat Singh , etc. , were such people who bear strong character : They were able to bear the depths of oppression .

4. How did Mandela’s understanding of freedom change with age and experience ?

Ans . For Mandela , as a boy , freedom meant to run freely in the nearby fields , to ride on the broad backs of the slow moving bulls , to swim in the clear stream that flowed through his village or to see stars and open field at night . As he grew young , freedom meant only to be free for himself , i.e. , roam around freely at night , to read the books he liked , and to go to the places of his choice . As a young man he wanted freedom of achieving his potential , of earning , of marrying , and having a family . But slowly with age and experience he realised that freedom means not only his own freedom but freedom for all his people . He found that their freedom was curtailed . He realised that freedom is indivisible – the bondage of anyone of his people , was bondage to him . Thus , his concept of freedom was widened with the changing of time .

5. How did Mandela’s ‘ hunger of freedom ‘ change his life ?

Ans : Mandela’s hunger for his own freedom became the greater hunger for the freedom of his people . The desire for the freedom of his people to live their lives with dignity and self – respect animated his life . It transformed a frightened young man into a bold one . It drove a law – abiding attorney to become a criminal . It turned a family loving husband into a man without a home . It changed a life – loving man into a monk . Mandela was no more virtuous or self – sacrificing , but he could not even enjoy poor and limited freedom . He felt bad when he knew that his people were not free . He felt slavery of his people as the slavery of his own .

C. Thinking about Language

I. There are nouns in the text ( formation , government ) which are formed from the corresponding verbs ( form , govern ) by suffixing – ion . There may be a change in the spelling of some verb – noun pairs : Such as rebel , rebellion : Constitute , constitution .

1. Make a list of such pairs of nouns and verbs in the text

Ans :

2. Read the paragraph below . Fill in the blanks with the noun and forms of the verb in brackets :

Martin Luther’s .. ( 1 ) .. ( contribute ) to our history as an outstanding leader began when he came to the .. ( 2 ) … ( assist ) of Rosa Parks , a seamstress who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white passenger . In those day , American blacks were confined to positions of second class citizenship by restrictive laws and customs . To break these laws would mean .. ( 3 ) .. ( subjugate ) and .. ( 4 ) .. ( humiliate ) by the police and the legal system . Beatings , .. ( 5 ) … ( imprison ) and sometimes death awaited those who defied the system . Martin Luther King’s tactics of protest involved non – violent .. ( 6 ) .. ( resist ) to racial injustice .

Ans . ( 1 ) contribution ( 2 ) assistance ( 3 ) subjugation ( 4 ) humiliation ( 5 ) imprisonment ( 6 ) resistance .

II . Using the Definite Article with Names

Here are some more examples of ” s ‘ used with proper nouns . Try to say what these sentences mean . ( You may consult a dictionary if you wish : look at the entry for ‘ the ‘ )

1. Mr. Singh regularly invites the Amitabh Bachchans and the Shahrukh Khans to his parties .

Ans . Explanation : Many other men like Amitabh Bachchan and Sharukh Khan are invited .

2. Many people think that Madhuri Dixit is the Madhubala of our times .

Ans . Explanation : Madhuri Dixit is similar to Madhubala .

3. History is not only the story of the Alexanders , the Napoleons and the Hitlers , but of the ordinary people .

Ans . Explanation : History not only includes the story of many such people like Alexander , Napoleon and Hitler but also of the ordinary people .

III. Idiomatic Expressions

Match the italicised phrases in Column A with the phrase nearest to the meaning in Column B. ( Hint : First look for the sentence in the text in which the phrase in Column A occurs )

A. Oral comprehension check

( PAGE 18 )

1. Where did the ceremonies take place ? Can you name any public buildings in India that are made of sandstone ?

Ans . The ceremonies took place in the lovely sandstone amphitheatre formed by the Union Buildings in Pretoria . Rashtrapati Bhawan and Red fort in India are made of sandstone.

2. Can you say how May 10 is an autumn day ‘ in South Africa ?

Ans . In South Africa , May 10 is ” an autumn day ” because South Africa is in Southern hemisphere and seasons come first over there and then in India .

3. At the beginning of his speech , Mandela mentions an extraordinary human disaster . What does he mean by this ? What is the ” glorious human achievement he speaks of at the end ?

Ans . Mandela mentioned ‘ an extraordinary human disaster by which he meant the sufferings and deprivations ; the people of Africa suffered due to racial discrimination which lasted very .

By ‘ the glorious human achievement ‘ he meant the freedom achieved by South Africa after a long struggle . After a long time , they got the opportunity to conduct the first Democratic elections in the country .

4. What does Mandela thank the international leaders for ?

Ans . Mandela thanks the international leaders for coming to take possession with the people of his country over a common victory for justice , peace , and human dignity .

5. What ideals does he set out for the future of South Africa ?

Ans . He pledges to liberate his people from the continuing bondage of poverty , deprivation , suffering , gender and other discriminations . He promised never to let his country experience , the oppression again .

( PAGE 21 )

1. What do the military generals do How has their attitude changed and why ?

Ans . The military generals salute and pledge their loyalty in front of Mr. Mandela . A few years ago , they would have arrested Mr. Mandela . Their attitude had changed because the country had got freedom from the racial dominations .

2. Why were two national anthems sung ?

Ans . The two national anthems were sung in order to show the vision of whites and blacks . This showed that the blacks sung the old anthem of the republic in order to remind them of the old prestige of the country .

3. How does Mandela describe the systems of government in his country ( i ) in the first decade ( ii ) in the final decade of the twentieth century ?

Ans . ( i ) In the first decade of the twentieth century , the white – skinned people of South Africa patched up their differences and erected a system of racial domination against the dark – skinned people of their own land . They created one of the most harshest and the most inhumane societies .

( ii ) In the last decade of the twentieth century , that system had been overturned and replaced by one , that recognised the rights and freedoms of all people , regardless of the colour of their skin .

4. What does courage mean to Mandela ?

Ans . According to Mandela , courage is not the absence of fear but the triumph over it . The brave is not he who don not feel afraid but he who conquers that fear . Mandela learned the meaning of courage from the comrades

5. What does he think is natural , to love or to hate ?

Ans . He thinks the feeling of love comes more naturally than that of hatred .

( PAGE 24 )

1. What twin obligations does Mandela mention ?

Ans . Twin obligations are obligations towards one’s family , one’s parents , with wife and children and obligations towards one’s people , community and country .

2. What did being free mean to Mandela as a boy , and as a student ? How does he contrast these transitory freedoms with the basic and honourable freedom ?

Ans . As a boy , Mandela felt freedom to run in the fields near his mother’s hut , freedom to swim in the clear stream that flowed near his village , freedom to roast meal in the shade of stars and freedom to ride on the broad back of slow moving bulls .

As a student , he felt that freedom is what he got for himself to roam around at night , to read books of his own choice and to go to the places of his choice . According to Mandela , Transitory Freedom ‘ is what lasts for a small duration such as those mentioned during his childhood and his student life . For him transitory freedom was of being able to stay out at night , read what he liked etc. Mandela as a young man , realised the basic and honourable freedom for achieving his potentials , for earning to keep himself and for marrying and having a family , the freedom of not to be obstructed in a lawful life .

3. Does Mandela think that the oppressor is free ? Why ? Why not ?

Ans . According to Mandela , the oppressor is also not free because the man who takes away another man’s freedom is a prisoner of hatred . He is locked behind the bars of prejudice and narrow – mindedness . He is just like the oppressed . Both have been robbed of their humanity .


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