NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Civics Chapter 1

NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Civics Chapter 1 What Is Democracy? Why Is Democracy?

1. Exercise Questions
2. Intext Questions

NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Civics Chapter 1 What Is Democracy? Why Is Democracy? in this step-by-step answer guide. In some of State Boards and CBSE schools, students are taught thru NCERT books. As the chapter comes to an end, students are requested few questions in an exercising to evaluate their expertise of the chapter. Students regularly want guidance managing those NCERT Solutions. It’s most effective natural to get stuck withinside the exercises while solving them so that you can assist students score higher marks, we’ve provided step by step NCERT answers for all exercises of Class nine Social Science What Is Democracy? Why Is Democracy? so you can are looking for assist from them. Students should solve those exercises carefully as questions withinside the final exams are requested from those, so these exercises immediately have an impact on students’ final score. Find all NCERT Solutions for Class nine Social Science What Is Democracy? Why Is Democracy? below and prepare in your tests easily.

NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Social Science

Civics Chapter 1 What is Democracy? Why is Democracy?

Exercise Questions

 

Exercises on page 15

1. Here is some information about four countries . Based on this information , how would you classify each of these countries ? Write ‘ democratic ‘ , ‘ undemocratic ‘ or ‘ not sure ‘ against each of these .

( a ) Country A People who do not accept the country’s official religion i.e. do not have a right to vote .

( b ) Country B The same party has been winning elections for the last twenty years .

( c ) Country C Ruling party has lost in the last three elections .

( d ) Country D There is no independent Election Commission .

Ans . ( a ) Undemocratic ( b ) Not sure

( c ) Democratic ( d ) Undemocratic

2. Here is some information about four countries . Based on this information , how would you classify each of these countries ? Write ‘ democratic ‘ , ‘ undemocratic ‘ or ‘ not sure ‘ against each of these .

( a ) Country P The Parliament cannot pass a law about the Army without the consent of the Chief of Army .

( b ) Country Q The Parliament cannot pass a law reducing the powers of the Judiciary .

( c ) Country R. The country’s leaders cannot sign any treaty with another country without taking permission from its neighbouring country .

( d ) Country S All the major economic decisions about the country are taken by officials of the Central Bank which the ministers cannot change .

Ans . ( a ) Undemocratic ( b ) Democratic

( c ) Undemocratic ( d ) Undemocratic

3. Which of these is not a good argument in favour of democracy ? Why ?

( a ) People feel free and equal in a democracy .

( b ) Democracies resolve conflict in a better way than others .

( c ) Democratic government is more accountable to the people .

( d ) Democracies are more prosperous than others .

Ans . ( d ) Democracies are more prosperous than others is not a good argument in favour of democracy because countries of the Middle East like UAE and Saudi Arabia are economically strong , but they have non – democratic governments , whereas India is a developing country , but is a democracy . The poor countries can be democratic while the rich ones may not be . A good monarch can make his country more prosperous than some democracies .

4. Each of these statements contains a democratic and an undemocratic element . Write out the two separately for each statement .

( a ) A minister said that some laws have to be passed by the Parliament in order to conform the regulations decided by the World Trade Organisation .

( b ) The Election Commission ordered re – polling in a constituency where large scale rigging was reported .

( c ) Women’s representation in the Parliament has barely reached 10 % . This led women’s organisations to demand one – third seats for women .

Ans . ( a ) Passing of laws by the Parliament is democratic , whereas passing in conformity to the regulations decided by World Trade Organisation ( WTO ) is undemocratic .

( b ) To order repoll in a constituency by the Election Commission is democratic , whereas large scale rigging is undemocratic .

( c ) Women’s representation in the Parliament never reaching 10 % is undemocratic , whereas demand by women’s organisations to reserve one – third seats for women is democratic .

5. Which of these is not a valid reason for arguing that there is a lesser possibility of famine in a democratic country ?

( a ) Opposition parties can draw attention to hunger and starvation .

( b ) A free press can report suffering from famine in different parts of the country .

( c ) Government fears its defeat in the next elections .

( d ) People are free to believe in and practise any religion .

Ans . ( d ) It is not a valid reason for arguing that there is a lesser possibility of famine in a democratic country , because practising a religion is not related to preventing famines in any way .

6. There are 40 villages in a district where the government has made no provision for drinking water . These villagers met and considered many methods of forcing the government to respond to their need . Which of these is not a democratic method ?

( a ) Filing a case in the courts claiming that water is part of right to life .

( b ) Boycotting the next elections to give a message to all parties .

( c ) Organising public meetings against government’s policies .

( d ) Paying money to government officials to get water .

Ans . ( d ) It is not a democratic method .

7. Write a response to the following arguments against democracy .

( a ) Army is the most disciplined and corruption free organisation in the country . Therefore , Army should rule the country .

( b ) Rule of the majority means the rule of ignorant people . What we need is the rule of the wise , even if they are in small numbers .

( c ) If we want religious leaders to guide us in spiritual matters , why not invite them to guide us in politics as well . The country should be ruled by religious leaders .

Ans . ( a ) This statement is wrong . The Army is for the defence of the country . Its primary duty is defence and not governance . Also , army officers are not elected by people .

( b ) This statement is wrong . Rule of majority is democratic , as it represents the views of all sections of people . Illiterate and poor people cannot be called ignorant . At least , they can realise which representative is good for them . Democracy means equal opportunity to all without any discrimination .

( c ) This statement is wrong . We should not mix religion and politics , especially in a multi racial , multi – religious and multi – linguistic country like India . Besides , many religious leaders do not have any experience of administration .

8. Are the following statements in keeping with democracy as a value ? Why ?

( a ) Father to daughter I don’t want to hear your opinion about your marriage . In our family , children marry what the parents tell them to .

( b ) Teacher to student Don’t disturb my concentration by asking me questions in the classroom .

( c ) Employee to the officer Our working hours must be reduced according to the law .

Ans . ( a ) The first statement is undemocratic because a girl is not allowed to give her opinion relating to her own marriage . Just as the people have the right to choose their representatives , the girl should also be allowed to have a role in the selection or choice of her husband .

( b ) The second statement is undemocratic because the student is not being allowed to ask questions .

( c ) The third statement is democratic because it calls for the reduction of working hours according to the law .

9. Consider the following facts about a country and decide if you would call it a democracy . Give reasons to support your decision .

( a ) All the citizens of the country have right to vote . Elections are held regularly .

( b ) The country took loan from international agencies . One of the conditions for giving loan was that the government would reduce its expenses on education and health .

( c ) People speak more than seven languages but education is available only in one language , the language spoken by 52 % people of that country .

( d ) Several organisations have given a call for peaceful demonstrations and nationwide strikes in the country to oppose these policies . Government has arrested these leaders .

( e ) The government owns the radio and television in the country . All the newspapers have to get permission from the government to publish any news about government’s policies and protests .

Ans . ( a ) A country where all the citizens have a right to vote and elections are held regularly can certainly be called democratic , because the basic conditions are being fulfilled .

( b ) Democratic countries are generally welfare states . If a country reduces expenses on education and health , it will definitely harm the people . Thus , the country is undemocratic , as it could only get . the loan by reducing its expenses on education and health .

( c ) In a multi – lingual country , making any one language as the official language or national language is a complicated situation . In democracy , people should enjoy the freedom to have education in their own language . Thus , the country is undemocratic .

( d ) The country is not democratic because the people are not allowed to hold peaceful demonstrations or oppose government policies .

( e ) A country which imposes censorship of both print and electronic media is undemocratic because freedom of speech and expression is a fundamental right of the people in a democracy .

Intext Questions

 

Question on page 2

1. I have heard a different version . Democracy is off the people , far ( from ) the people and ( where they ) buy the people . Why don’t we accept that ?

Ans . In some cases , the democracy is off the people , far ( from ) the people and ( where they ) buy the people i.e. where the democracy does not belong to the people , it is not for them but far away from them , where the democracy is not by the people but the candidates win the votes with money which means that true democracy does not exist .

However , these cases are exceptions and not the rule , which will gradually go away with the passage of time .

Check Your Progress on page 3

2. Ribiang went back home and collected some most famous quotations on democracy . This time she did not mention the names of the people who said or wrote these . She wants you to read these and comment on how good or useful these thoughts are

( a ) Democracy gives every man the right to be his own oppressor .

( b ) Democracy consists of choosing your dictators after they have told you what you think it is you want to hear .

( c ) Man’s capacity for justice makes democracy possible , but man’s inclination to injustice makes democracy necessary .

( d ) Democracy is a device that insures we shall be governed no better than we deserve .

( e ) All the ills of democracy can be cured by more democracy .

Ans . ( a ) and ( b ) The first and second thoughts are about those forms of government in which the people have the right to elect their ruler without . having options . It means they have to elect the candidate only from the ruling party .

( c ) In the third thought , it suggests that if man accepts justice , then democracy is possible . But when the man follows injustice , democracy is necessary in this condition to give justice to others .

( d ) In the fourth thought , it suggests that there must be a balance between the form of government and our need .

The strongest argument for democracy is about what it does to the citizens . Democracy recognises our needs and enhances our dignity .

( e ) In the last thought , there is scope for changing the features and activities of democracy as per our need . There is no that mistakes cannot be made in guarantee democracy . The advantage is that there is a scope for correction .

Either the rulers have to change their decisions or the rulers can be changed . In this way , the ills of democracy can be cured .

Read the Cartoon on page 5

3. This cartoon was drawn in the context of Latin America .

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Do you think it applies to the Pakistani situation as well ? Think of other countries where this could apply . Does this happen sometimes in our country as well ?

Ans . The cartoon suggests the scene of booth capturing in elections by using arms . This can be applicable to Pakistan . In Pakistan , General Musharraf with the help of army officials controlled the elected representatives . This could be applied to Iraq .

Check Your Progress on page 9

4. Read these five examples of working or denial of democracy . Match each of these with the relevant feature of democracy discussed above .

Ans .

Question on page 11

5. What would have happened if India was not a democracy ? Could we have stayed together as a single nation ? .

Ans . If India was not a democracy then we would have not stayed together as a single nation . India has a multi religious , multi – cultural and multi – linguistic population . If there was no democracy , then all the people could not have followed their religion and customs with ‘ freedom and there would have been conflicts between different religious and linguistic groups during which the other minorities would have lived in fear and insecurity . But democracy provides peaceful solutions to every problem . It provides the best method of dealing with differences and conflicts .

Check Your Progress on page 12

6. Rajesh and Muzaffar read an article . It showed that no democracy has ever gone to war with another democracy . Wars take place only when one of the two governments is non – democratic . The article said that this was great merit of democracy .

After reading the essay , Rajesh and Muzaffar had different reactions . Rajesh said that this was not a good argument for democracy . It was just a matter of chance .

It is possible that in future democracies may have wars . Muzaffar said that it could not be a matter of chance , Democracies take decisions in such a way that it reduces the chances of war .

Which of the two positions do you agree with and why ?

Ans . I agree with Muzaffar’s argument . In democracy , the decision is taken after discussion and keeping in view the welfare of the people . So , the chances of war are minimised in democracy , but we cannot say that it is not possible . Some wars were fought between two democracies like India and Pakistan , e.g. ‘ Kargil War ‘ , when both countries were democratic countries .

Question on page 14

7. In my village , the Gram Sabha never meets . Is that democratic ?

Ans . The Gram Sabha should meet regularly to carry out its functions for the welfare of the village people , but if the Gram Sabha does not meet , then it is not democratic .

 

Benefits of NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Civics Chapter 1 What Is Democracy? Why Is Democracy?

NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Civics Chapter 1 What Is Democracy? Why Is Democracy? contains extremely important points, and for each chapter, each concept has been simplified to make it easier to remember and increase your chances of achieving excellent exam results. Exam Preparation References Here are some tips on how these solutions can help you prepare for the exam.

  1. This helps students solve many of the problems in each chapter and encourages them to make their concepts more meaningful.
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