NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Civics Chapter 1 What Is Democracy? Why Is Democracy?
|1. Exercise Questions
|2. Intext Questions
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NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Social Science
Civics Chapter 1 What is Democracy? Why is Democracy?
Exercises on page 15
1. Here is some information about four countries . Based on this information , how would you classify each of these countries ? Write ‘ democratic ‘ , ‘ undemocratic ‘ or ‘ not sure ‘ against each of these .
( a ) Country A People who do not accept the country’s official religion i.e. do not have a right to vote .
( b ) Country B The same party has been winning elections for the last twenty years .
( c ) Country C Ruling party has lost in the last three elections .
( d ) Country D There is no independent Election Commission .
Ans . ( a ) Undemocratic ( b ) Not sure
( c ) Democratic ( d ) Undemocratic
2. Here is some information about four countries . Based on this information , how would you classify each of these countries ? Write ‘ democratic ‘ , ‘ undemocratic ‘ or ‘ not sure ‘ against each of these .
( a ) Country P The Parliament cannot pass a law about the Army without the consent of the Chief of Army .
( b ) Country Q The Parliament cannot pass a law reducing the powers of the Judiciary .
( c ) Country R. The country’s leaders cannot sign any treaty with another country without taking permission from its neighbouring country .
( d ) Country S All the major economic decisions about the country are taken by officials of the Central Bank which the ministers cannot change .
Ans . ( a ) Undemocratic ( b ) Democratic
( c ) Undemocratic ( d ) Undemocratic
3. Which of these is not a good argument in favour of democracy ? Why ?
( a ) People feel free and equal in a democracy .
( b ) Democracies resolve conflict in a better way than others .
( c ) Democratic government is more accountable to the people .
( d ) Democracies are more prosperous than others .
Ans . ( d ) Democracies are more prosperous than others is not a good argument in favour of democracy because countries of the Middle East like UAE and Saudi Arabia are economically strong , but they have non – democratic governments , whereas India is a developing country , but is a democracy . The poor countries can be democratic while the rich ones may not be . A good monarch can make his country more prosperous than some democracies .
4. Each of these statements contains a democratic and an undemocratic element . Write out the two separately for each statement .
( a ) A minister said that some laws have to be passed by the Parliament in order to conform the regulations decided by the World Trade Organisation .
( b ) The Election Commission ordered re – polling in a constituency where large scale rigging was reported .
( c ) Women’s representation in the Parliament has barely reached 10 % . This led women’s organisations to demand one – third seats for women .
Ans . ( a ) Passing of laws by the Parliament is democratic , whereas passing in conformity to the regulations decided by World Trade Organisation ( WTO ) is undemocratic .
( b ) To order repoll in a constituency by the Election Commission is democratic , whereas large scale rigging is undemocratic .
( c ) Women’s representation in the Parliament never reaching 10 % is undemocratic , whereas demand by women’s organisations to reserve one – third seats for women is democratic .
5. Which of these is not a valid reason for arguing that there is a lesser possibility of famine in a democratic country ?
( a ) Opposition parties can draw attention to hunger and starvation .
( b ) A free press can report suffering from famine in different parts of the country .
( c ) Government fears its defeat in the next elections .
( d ) People are free to believe in and practise any religion .
Ans . ( d ) It is not a valid reason for arguing that there is a lesser possibility of famine in a democratic country , because practising a religion is not related to preventing famines in any way .
6. There are 40 villages in a district where the government has made no provision for drinking water . These villagers met and considered many methods of forcing the government to respond to their need . Which of these is not a democratic method ?
( a ) Filing a case in the courts claiming that water is part of right to life .
( b ) Boycotting the next elections to give a message to all parties .
( c ) Organising public meetings against government’s policies .
( d ) Paying money to government officials to get water .
Ans . ( d ) It is not a democratic method .
7. Write a response to the following arguments against democracy .
( a ) Army is the most disciplined and corruption free organisation in the country . Therefore , Army should rule the country .
( b ) Rule of the majority means the rule of ignorant people . What we need is the rule of the wise , even if they are in small numbers .
( c ) If we want religious leaders to guide us in spiritual matters , why not invite them to guide us in politics as well . The country should be ruled by religious leaders .
Ans . ( a ) This statement is wrong . The Army is for the defence of the country . Its primary duty is defence and not governance . Also , army officers are not elected by people .
( b ) This statement is wrong . Rule of majority is democratic , as it represents the views of all sections of people . Illiterate and poor people cannot be called ignorant . At least , they can realise which representative is good for them . Democracy means equal opportunity to all without any discrimination .
( c ) This statement is wrong . We should not mix religion and politics , especially in a multi racial , multi – religious and multi – linguistic country like India . Besides , many religious leaders do not have any experience of administration .
8. Are the following statements in keeping with democracy as a value ? Why ?
( a ) Father to daughter I don’t want to hear your opinion about your marriage . In our family , children marry what the parents tell them to .
( b ) Teacher to student Don’t disturb my concentration by asking me questions in the classroom .
( c ) Employee to the officer Our working hours must be reduced according to the law .
Ans . ( a ) The first statement is undemocratic because a girl is not allowed to give her opinion relating to her own marriage . Just as the people have the right to choose their representatives , the girl should also be allowed to have a role in the selection or choice of her husband .
( b ) The second statement is undemocratic because the student is not being allowed to ask questions .
( c ) The third statement is democratic because it calls for the reduction of working hours according to the law .
9. Consider the following facts about a country and decide if you would call it a democracy . Give reasons to support your decision .
( a ) All the citizens of the country have right to vote . Elections are held regularly .
( b ) The country took loan from international agencies . One of the conditions for giving loan was that the government would reduce its expenses on education and health .
( c ) People speak more than seven languages but education is available only in one language , the language spoken by 52 % people of that country .
( d ) Several organisations have given a call for peaceful demonstrations and nationwide strikes in the country to oppose these policies . Government has arrested these leaders .
( e ) The government owns the radio and television in the country . All the newspapers have to get permission from the government to publish any news about government’s policies and protests .
Ans . ( a ) A country where all the citizens have a right to vote and elections are held regularly can certainly be called democratic , because the basic conditions are being fulfilled .
( b ) Democratic countries are generally welfare states . If a country reduces expenses on education and health , it will definitely harm the people . Thus , the country is undemocratic , as it could only get . the loan by reducing its expenses on education and health .
( c ) In a multi – lingual country , making any one language as the official language or national language is a complicated situation . In democracy , people should enjoy the freedom to have education in their own language . Thus , the country is undemocratic .
( d ) The country is not democratic because the people are not allowed to hold peaceful demonstrations or oppose government policies .
( e ) A country which imposes censorship of both print and electronic media is undemocratic because freedom of speech and expression is a fundamental right of the people in a democracy .
Question on page 2
1. I have heard a different version . Democracy is off the people , far ( from ) the people and ( where they ) buy the people . Why don’t we accept that ?
Ans . In some cases , the democracy is off the people , far ( from ) the people and ( where they ) buy the people i.e. where the democracy does not belong to the people , it is not for them but far away from them , where the democracy is not by the people but the candidates win the votes with money which means that true democracy does not exist .
However , these cases are exceptions and not the rule , which will gradually go away with the passage of time .
Check Your Progress on page 3
2. Ribiang went back home and collected some most famous quotations on democracy . This time she did not mention the names of the people who said or wrote these . She wants you to read these and comment on how good or useful these thoughts are
( a ) Democracy gives every man the right to be his own oppressor .
( b ) Democracy consists of choosing your dictators after they have told you what you think it is you want to hear .
( c ) Man’s capacity for justice makes democracy possible , but man’s inclination to injustice makes democracy necessary .
( d ) Democracy is a device that insures we shall be governed no better than we deserve .
( e ) All the ills of democracy can be cured by more democracy .
Ans . ( a ) and ( b ) The first and second thoughts are about those forms of government in which the people have the right to elect their ruler without . having options . It means they have to elect the candidate only from the ruling party .
( c ) In the third thought , it suggests that if man accepts justice , then democracy is possible . But when the man follows injustice , democracy is necessary in this condition to give justice to others .
( d ) In the fourth thought , it suggests that there must be a balance between the form of government and our need .
The strongest argument for democracy is about what it does to the citizens . Democracy recognises our needs and enhances our dignity .
( e ) In the last thought , there is scope for changing the features and activities of democracy as per our need . There is no that mistakes cannot be made in guarantee democracy . The advantage is that there is a scope for correction .
Either the rulers have to change their decisions or the rulers can be changed . In this way , the ills of democracy can be cured .
Read the Cartoon on page 5
3. This cartoon was drawn in the context of Latin America .
Do you think it applies to the Pakistani situation as well ? Think of other countries where this could apply . Does this happen sometimes in our country as well ?
Ans . The cartoon suggests the scene of booth capturing in elections by using arms . This can be applicable to Pakistan . In Pakistan , General Musharraf with the help of army officials controlled the elected representatives . This could be applied to Iraq .
Check Your Progress on page 9
4. Read these five examples of working or denial of democracy . Match each of these with the relevant feature of democracy discussed above .
Question on page 11
5. What would have happened if India was not a democracy ? Could we have stayed together as a single nation ? .
Ans . If India was not a democracy then we would have not stayed together as a single nation . India has a multi religious , multi – cultural and multi – linguistic population . If there was no democracy , then all the people could not have followed their religion and customs with ‘ freedom and there would have been conflicts between different religious and linguistic groups during which the other minorities would have lived in fear and insecurity . But democracy provides peaceful solutions to every problem . It provides the best method of dealing with differences and conflicts .
Check Your Progress on page 12
6. Rajesh and Muzaffar read an article . It showed that no democracy has ever gone to war with another democracy . Wars take place only when one of the two governments is non – democratic . The article said that this was great merit of democracy .
After reading the essay , Rajesh and Muzaffar had different reactions . Rajesh said that this was not a good argument for democracy . It was just a matter of chance .
It is possible that in future democracies may have wars . Muzaffar said that it could not be a matter of chance , Democracies take decisions in such a way that it reduces the chances of war .
Which of the two positions do you agree with and why ?
Ans . I agree with Muzaffar’s argument . In democracy , the decision is taken after discussion and keeping in view the welfare of the people . So , the chances of war are minimised in democracy , but we cannot say that it is not possible . Some wars were fought between two democracies like India and Pakistan , e.g. ‘ Kargil War ‘ , when both countries were democratic countries .
Question on page 14
7. In my village , the Gram Sabha never meets . Is that democratic ?
Ans . The Gram Sabha should meet regularly to carry out its functions for the welfare of the village people , but if the Gram Sabha does not meet , then it is not democratic .
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