NCERT Notes for Class 11 POLITICAL THEORY Chapter 5 RIGHTS


NCERT Notes for Class 11 POLITICAL THEORY Chapter 5 RIGHTS, (Political Science) exam are Students are taught thru NCERT books in some of state board and CBSE Schools. As the chapter involves an end, there is an exercise provided to assist students prepare for evaluation. Students need to clear up those exercises very well because the questions with inside the very last asked from those.

Sometimes, students get stuck with inside the exercises and are not able to clear up all of the questions.  To assist students, solve all of the questions and maintain their studies without a doubt, we have provided step by step NCERT Notes for the students for all classes. These answers will similarly help students in scoring better marks with the assist of properly illustrated Notes as a way to similarly assist the students and answering the questions right.

NCERT Notes for Class 11 POLITICAL THEORY Chapter 5 RIGHTS




  • Rights are essential to lead a better life.
  • Rights are necessary for our well being.
  • It aimed the welfare of individuals and society.
  • Rights help to improve a person talent.
  • Rights are claim which is recognise and if necessary enforced by the state.


  1. Moral right
  2. Legal right
  3. Natural right

Moral Right

  • If a person behave in the society according to his conscious and behave well in society is called moral right.
  • E.g. Respecting elders

Legal Right

  • State enforces the law which are accepted by the society is called legal rights, we can classify legal rights into three:
  • E.g. Civil right, political right, economic right

Civil Right

  • The rights ensured by the state for its citizen like freedom of life and property, etc.

Political Right

  • The different type of political rights given by the state to its citizens to ensure their participation is called political right.
  • E.g. Right to vote, right to participate in election, right to criticise the government, right to give petition

Economic Right

  • The right that is enjoyed a citizen by consuming his livelihood.
  • E.g. Right to work, equal wages for equal work, abolition of poverty and unemployment.

Natural Right

  • The right which a person got from the natural is called natural right.
  • E.g. Sunshine, rain

Human Rights

  • On 10th December 1948, UN adopted and proclaimed the universal declaration of human right on his memory and celebrate December 10th as World Human Right Day.

Rights and Responsibilities

  • Every citizens should be bothered about their responsibilities.
  • Right should be used for public virtue.
  • Everyone have the right to enjoy their rights without endangering the right of other.

Peculiarities of Right

  • We have duties along with right
  • Right are recognized by the state
  • It is a condition
  • The basis of right are its utilization

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