# NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Maths Chapter 10 Mensuration

## Class 6 Maths Chapter 10 Mensuration

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Maths Chapter 10 Mensuration, (Maths) exam are Students are taught thru NCERT books in some of state board and CBSE Schools.  As the chapter involves an end, there is an exercise provided to assist students prepare for evaluation.  Students need to clear up those exercises very well because the questions withinside the very last asked from those.

Sometimes, students get stuck withinside the exercises and are not able to clear up all of the questions.  To assist students, solve all of the questions and maintain their studies without a doubt, we have provided step by step NCERT Solutions for the students for all classes.  These answers will similarly help students in scoring better marks with the assist of properly illustrated solutions as a way to similarly assist the students and answering the questions right.

## Exercise 10.1

Page no: 212

1. Find the perimeter of each of the following figures:

Solutions:

(a)Perimeter = Sum of all the sides

= 1 + 2 + 4 + 5

= 12 cm

(b) Perimeter = Sum of all the sides

= 23 + 35 + 35 + 40

= 133 cm

(c) Perimeter = Sum of all the sides

= 15 + 15 + 15 + 15

= 60 cm

(d) Perimeter = Sum of all the sides

= 4 + 4 + 4 + 4 + 4

=20 cm

(e) Perimeter = Sum of all the sides

= 1 + 4 + 0.5 + 2.5 + 2.5 + 0.5 + 4

= 15 cm

(f) Perimeter = Sum of all the sides

= 4 + 1 + 3 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 1 + 3 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 1 + 3 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 1 + 3 + 2 + 3

= 52 cm

2. The lid of a rectangular box of sides 40 cm by 10 cm is sealed all around with tape. What is the length of the tape required?

Solutions:

Length of required tape = Perimeter of rectangle

= 2 (40 + 10)

= 2 (50)

= 100 cm

∴ Required length of tape is 100 cm

3. A table top measures 2 m 25 cm by 1 m 50 cm. What is the perimeter of the table top?

Solutions:

Length of table top = 2 m 25 cm = 2.25 m

Breadth of table top = 1 m 50 cm = 1.50 m

Perimeter of table top = 2 (Length + Breadth)

= 2 (2.25 + 1.50)

= 2 (3.75)

= 2 × 3.75

= 7.5 m

∴ The perimeter of the table top is 7.5 m

4. What is the length of the wooden strip required to frame a photograph of length and breadth 32 cm and 21 cm respectively?

Solutions:

Required length of wooden strip = Perimeter of photograph

= 2 (32 + 21)

= 2 (53)

= 2 × 53

= 106 cm

∴ Required length of the wooden strip is 106 cm

5. A rectangular piece of land measures 0.7 km by 0.5 km. Each side is to be fenced with 4 rows of wires. What is the length of the wire needed?

Solutions:

Perimeter of the field = 2 (Length + Breadth)

= 2 (0.7 + 0.5)

= 2 (1.2)

= 2 × 1.2

= 2.4 km

Each side is to be fenced with 4 rows = 4 × 2.4

= 9.6 km

∴ Total length of the required wire is 9.6 km

6. Find the perimeter of each of the following shapes:

(a) A triangle of sides 3 cm, 4 cm and 5 cm

(b) An equilateral triangle of side 9 cm

(c) An isosceles triangle with equal sides 8 cm each and third side 6 cm.

Solutions:

(a)Perimeter of triangle = 3 + 4 + 5

= 12 cm

(b) Perimeter of an equilateral triangle = 3 × side

= 3 × 9

= 27 cm

(c) Perimeter of isosceles triangle = 8 + 8 + 6

= 22 cm

7. Find the perimeter of a triangle with sides measuring 10 cm, 14 cm and 15 cm.

Solutions:

Perimeter of triangle = 10 + 14 + 15

= 39 cm

∴ The perimeter of triangle is 39 cm

8. Find the perimeter of a regular hexagon with each side measuring 8 m.

Solutions:

Perimeter of hexagon = 6 × 8

= 48 m

∴ Perimeter of regular hexagon is 48 m

9. Find the side of the square whose perimeter is 20 m.

Solutions:

Perimeter of square = 4 × side

20 = 4 × side

Side = 20 / 4

Side = 5 m

∴ The side of the square is 5 m

10. The perimeter of a regular pentagon is 100 cm. How long is its each side?

Solutions:

Perimeter of regular pentagon = 100 cm

5 × side = 100 cm

Side = 100 / 5

Side = 20 cm

∴ Side of the pentagon is 20 cm

11. A piece of strings is 30 cm long. What will be the length of each side if the string is used to form:

(a) a square?

(b) an equilateral triangle?

(c) a regular hexagon?

Solutions:

(a) Perimeter of square = 30 cm

4 × side = 30

Side = 30 / 4

Side = 7.5 cm

(b) Perimeter of an equilateral triangle = 30 cm

3 × side = 30

Side = 30 / 3

Side = 10 cm

(c) Perimeter of a regular hexagon = 30 cm

6 × side = 30

Side = 30 / 6

Side = 5 cm

12. Two sides of a triangle are 12 cm and 14 cm. The perimeter of the triangle is 36 cm. What is its third side?

Solutions:

Let x cm be the third side

Perimeter of triangle = 36 cm

12 + 14 + x = 36

26 + x = 36

x = 36 – 26

x = 10 cm

∴ The third side is 10 cm

13. Find the cost of fencing a square park of side 250 m at the rate of ₹ 20 per metre.

Solutions:

Side of square = 250 m

Perimeter of square = 4 × side

= 4 × 250

= 1000 m

Cost of fencing = ₹ 20 per m

Cost of fencing for 1000 m = ₹ 20 × 1000

= ₹ 20,000

14. Find the cost of fencing a rectangular park of length 175 cm and breadth 125 m at the rate of ₹ 12 per metre.

Solutions:

Length = 175 cm

Perimeter of rectangular park = 2 (Length + Breadth)

= 2 (175 + 125)

= 2 (300)

= 2 × 300

= 600 m

Cost of fencing = 12 × 600

= 7200

∴ Cost of fencing is ₹ 7,200

15. Sweety runs around a square park of side 75 m. Bulbul runs around a rectangular park with length 60 m and breadth 45 m. Who covers less distance?

Solutions:

Perimeter of square = 4 × side

= 4 × 75

= 300 m

∴ Distance covered by Sweety is 300 m

Perimeter of rectangular park = 2 (Length + Breadth)

= 2 (60 + 45)

= 2 (105)

= 2 × 105

= 210 m

∴ Distance covered by Bulbul is 210 m

Hence, Bulbul covers less distance than Sweety.

16. What is the perimeter of each of the each of the following figures? What do you infer from the the answers?

Solutions:

(a) Perimeter of square = 4 × side

= 4 × 25

= 100 cm

(b) Perimeter of rectangle = 2 (40 + 10)

= 2 × 50

= 100 cm

(c) Perimeter of rectangle = 2 (Length + Breadth)

= 2 (30 + 20)

= 2 (50)

= 2 × 50

= 100 cm

(d) Perimeter of triangle = 30 + 30 + 40

= 100 cm

All the figures have same perimeter.

17. Avneet buys 9 square paving slabs, each with a side of 1 / 2 m. He lays them in the form of a square.

(a) What is the perimeter of his arrangement [fig 10.7(i)]?

(b) Shari does not like his arrangement. She gets him to lay them out like a cross. What is the perimeter of her arrangement [(Fig 10.7 (ii)]?

(c) Which has greater perimeter?

(d) Avneet wonders if there is a way of getting an even greater perimeter. Can you find a way of doing this? (The paving slabs must meet along complete edges i.e they cannot be broken.)

Solutions:

(a)Side of square = 3 × side

= 3 × 1 / 2

= 3 / 2 m

Perimeter of Square = 4 × 3 / 2

= 2 × 3

= 6 m

(b) Perimeter = 0.5 + 1 + 1 + 0.5 + 1 + 1 + 0.5 + 1 + 1 + 0.5 + 1 + 1

= 10 m

(c) The arrangement in the form of cross has greater perimeter

(d) Perimeters greater than 10 m cannot be determined.

## Exercise 10.2

page no: 216

1. Find the areas of the following figures by counting square:

(a)The figure contains only 9 fully filled squares. Hence, the area of this figure will be 9 square units.

(b) The figure contains only 5 fully filled squares. Hence, the area of this figure will be 5 square units.

(c) The figure contains 2 fully filled squares and 4 half filled squares. Hence, the area of this figure will be 4 square units.

(d) The figure contains only 8 fully filled squares. Hence, the area of this figure will be 8 square units.

(e) The figure contains only 10 fully filled squares. Hence, the area of this figure will be 10 square units.

(f) The figure contains only 2 fully filled squares and 4 half filled squares. Hence, the area of this figure will be 4 square units.

(g) The figure contains 4 fully filled squares and 4 half filled squares. Hence, the area of this figure will be 6 square units.

(h) The figure contains 5 fully filled squares. Hence, the area of this figure will be 5 square units.

(i) The figure contains 9 fully filled squares. Hence, the area of this figure will be 9 square units.

(j) The figure contains 2 fully filled squares and 4 half filled squares. Hence, the area of this figure will be 4 square units.

(k) The figure contains 4 fully filled squares and 2 half filled squares. Hence, the area of this figure will be 5 square units.

(l) From the given figure, we observe

Therefore, total area = 2 + 6

= 8 square units.

(m) From the given figure, we observe

Therefore, total area = 5 + 9

= 14 square units

(n) From the given figure, we observe

Therefore, total area = 8 + 10 = 18 square units

## Exercise 10.3

page no: 219

1. Find the area of the rectangles whose sides are:

(a) 3 cm and 4 cm

(b) 12 m and 21 m

(c) 2 km and 3 km

(d) 2 m and 70 cm

Solutions:

We know that

Area of rectangle = Length × Breadth

(a) l = 3 cm and b = 4 cm

Area = l × b = 3 × 4

= 12 cm2

(b) l = 12 m and b = 21 m

Area = l × b = 12 × 21

= 252 m2

(c) l = 2 km and b = 3 km

Area = l × b = 2 × 3

= 6 km2

(d) l = 2 m and b = 70 cm = 0.70 m

Area = l × b = 2 × 0.70

= 1.40 m2

2. Find the areas of the squares whose sides are:

(a) 10 cm

(b) 14 cm

(c) 5 m

Solutions:

(a)Area of square = side2

= 102

= 100 cm2

(b) Area of square = side2

= 142

= 196 cm2

(c) Area of square = side2

= 52

=25 cm2

3. The length and breadth of three rectangles are as given below:

(a) 9 m and 6 m

(b) 17 m and 3 m

(c) 4 m and 14 m

Which one has the largest area and which one has the smallest?

Solutions:

(a) Area of rectangle = l × b

= 9 × 6

= 54 m2

(b) Area of rectangle = l × b

= 17 × 3

= 51 m2

(c) Area of rectangle = l × b

= 4 × 14

= 56 m2

Area of rectangle 56 m2 i.e (c) is the largest area and area of rectangle 51 m2 i.e (b) is the smallest area

4. The area of a rectangular garden 50 m long is 300 sq m. Find the width of the garden.

Solutions:

Area of rectangle = length × width

300 = 50 × width

width = 300 / 50

width = 6 m

∴ The width of the garden is 6 m

5. What is the cost of tiling a rectangular plot of land 500 m long and 200 m wide at the rate of ₹ 8 per hundred sq m.?

Solutions:

Area of land = length × breadth

= 500 × 200

= 1,00,000 m2

∴ Cost of tiling 1,00,000 sq m of land = (8 × 1,00,000) / 100

= ₹ 8000

6. A table top measures 2 m by 1 m 50 cm. What is its area in square metres?

Solutions:

Given

l = 2m

b = 1m 50 cm = 1.50 m

Area = l × b = 2 × 1.50

= 3 m2

7. A room is 4 m long and 3 m 50 cm wide. Howe many square metres of carpet is needed to cover the floor of the room?

Solutions:

Given

l = 4m

b = 3 m 50 cm = 3.50 m

Area = l × b = 4 × 3.50

=14 m2

8. A floor is 5 m long and 4 m wide. A square carpet of sides 3 m is laid on the floor. Find the area of the floor that is not carpeted.

Solutions:

Area of floor = l × b = 5 × 4

= 20 m2

Area of square carpet = 3 × 3

= 9 m2

Area of floor that is not carpeted = 20 – 9

= 11 m2

∴ Area of the floor that is not carpeted is 11 m2

9. Five square flower beds each of sides 1 m are dug on a piece of land 5 m long and 4 m wide. What is the area of the remaining part of the land?

Solutions:

Area of flower square bed = 1 × 1

= 1 m2

Area of 5 square bed = 1 × 5

= 5 m2

Area of land = 5 × 4

= 20 m2

Remaining part of the land = Area of land – Area of 5 square bed

= 20 – 5

= 15 m2

∴ Remaining part of the land is 15 m2

10. By splitting the following figures into rectangles, find their areas (The measures are given in centimetres).

Solutions:

(a)

Area of yellow region = 3 × 3

= 9 cm2

Area of orange region = 1× 2

= 2 cm2

Area of grey region = 3 × 3

= 9 cm2

Area of brown region = 2 × 4

= 8 cm2

Total area = 9 + 2 + 9 + 8

= 28 cm2

∴ Total area is 28 cm2

(b)

Area of brown region = 3 × 1

= 3 cm2

Area of orange region = 3 × 1

= 3 cm2

Area of grey region = 3 × 1

= 3 cm2

Total area = 3 + 3 + 3

= 9 cm2

∴ Total area is 9 cm2

11. Split the following shapes into rectangles and find their areas. (The measures are given in centimetres)

Solutions:

(a)

Total area of the figure = 12 × 2 + 8 × 2

= 40 cm2

(b)

There are 5 squares. Each side is 7 cm

Area of 5 squares = 5 × 72

= 245 cm2

(c)

Area of grey rectangle = 2 × 1

= 2 cm2

Area of brown rectangle = 2 × 1

= 2 cm2

Area of orange rectangle = 5 × 1

= 5 cm2

Total area = 2 + 2 + 5

= 9 cm2

12. How many tiles whose length and breadth are 12 cm and 5 cm, respectively will be needed to fit in a rectangular region whose length and breadth are respectively?

(a) 100 cm and 144 cm

(b) 70 cm and 36 cm

Solutions:

(a)Area of rectangle = 100 × 144

= 14400 cm

Area of one tile = 5 × 12

= 60 cm2

Number of tiles = (Area of rectangle) / (Area of one tile)

= 14400 / 60

= 240

Hence, 240 tiles are needed

(b) Area of rectangle = 70 × 36

= 2520 cm2

Area of one tile = 5 × 12

= 60 cm2

Number of tiles = (Area of rectangle) / (Area of one tile)

= 2520 / 60

= 42

Hence, 42 tiles are needed.