NCERT Notes for Class 11 Political Science Chapter 6 JUDICIARY, (Political Science) exam are Students are taught thru NCERT books in some of state board and CBSE Schools. As the chapter involves an end, there is an exercise provided to assist students prepare for evaluation. Students need to clear up those exercises very well because the questions with inside the very last asked from those.
Sometimes, students get stuck with inside the exercises and are not able to clear up all of the questions. To assist students, solve all of the questions and maintain their studies without a doubt, we have provided step by step NCERT Notes for the students for all classes. These answers will similarly help students in scoring better marks with the assist of properly illustrated Notes as a way to similarly assist the students and answering the questions right.
NCERT Notes for Class 11 Political Science Chapter 6 JUDICIARY
Class 11 Political Science Chapter 6 JUDICIARY
Judiciary is the branch of government which protects the law.
DUTIES OF JUDICIARY (FUNCTION)
To punish the criminals
To protect the laws in the country
To maintain peace and security in the country.
To protect the right of the citizen.
To control the government.
To give advices needed for the country.
Judiciary is also known as “Guardian of Constitution”.
Why do we need and Independent Judiciary?
In any society there will be conflict between individual and government and there will be conflict between individuals.
So to solve all these conflict independent judiciary is needed.
What is Independent Judiciary?
Indian judiciary have more responsibility towards executive and legislative.
Judiciary is also responsible towards constitution, democracy people and shouldn’t cheat them.
How is Independent Judiciary Protected?
Protection from personal criticism
Separating executive from judiciary
Judges of Supreme Court and High Court are appointed by the President.
Politician have no right to appoint judges.
Judges have a fixed tenure.
Judges can continue in their position till the age of retirement.
But they can be removed in the case of violation of constitution and by misbehavior, before their age of retirement.
Judges have high salary.
By this judges can be remained from corruption and make decision justiciable.
Protection from Personal Criticism
Judges are protected from criticism.
Judiciary have the right to punish the persons those who are found guilty of contempt of court.
The parliament should not discuss about the behaviour of judges.
Separating Judiciary from Executive
The main duty done by executive is to rule the nation, so they are separated from judiciary.
If executive got the duty to implement justice the idea of independent judiciary should be lost.
Appointment of Judges
Judges are appointed by president after consulting the chief justice.
Chief justice should recommend names of person to be appointed in consultation with four senior most judge of the court, this is called the principle of collegium.
Removal of Judges
In the case of constitutional violation
For the removal of judges the special majority in both house of parliament is needed.