NCERT Solutions For Class 11 Political Science Chapter 10 Development

Class 11 Political Science Chapter 10 Development

NCERT Solutions For Class 11 Political Science Chapter 10 Development, (Political Science) exam are Students are taught thru NCERT books in some of state board and CBSE Schools.  As the chapter involves an end, there is an exercise provided to assist students prepare for evaluation.  Students need to clear up those exercises very well because the questions withinside the very last asked from those. 

Sometimes, students get stuck withinside the exercises and are not able to clear up all of the questions.  To assist students solve all of the questions and maintain their studies with out a doubt, we have provided step by step NCERT Solutions for the students for all classes.  These answers will similarly help students in scoring better marks with the assist of properly illustrated solutions as a way to similarly assist the students and answering the questions right.

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Political Science Chapter 10 Development

Class 11 Political Science Chapter 10 Development


Questions 1.
What do you understand by the term ‘development’? Would all sections of society benefit from such a definition of development?
The term ‘Development’ can be understood better in both the broader and narrower sense:

  • In a broader sense, development conveys the ideas of improvement, progress, well¬being and aspiration for better life to constitute the vision for society as a whole and how to achieve it.
  • In a narrower sense, it refers to more limited goals as increasing the rate of economic growth, etc.

Benefits to different sections of society:

  • Development has been identified with completing projects like factories, dams, hospitals, national high ways rather than to uphold the broader vision of development into the society.
  • Some sections like industrialists have been benefitted while others like up-rooted families and landless people, etc. have lost their homes or lands without any compensatory gain.
  • Though, issues regarding the benefits and burdens of development either have been justly distributed or not, have been a main concern for developmental priorities in a democratic setup.

This issue is of debate which model should be adopted to serve as a standard by which the development experience of a country is examined.

Question 2.
Discuss some of the social and ecological costs of the kind of development which has been
pursued in most countries.
Answer 1.
Social costs of development:

  • Displacement resulted in the loss of livelihood and increased impoverishment.
  • Many peoples have been displaced from their homes and localities due to urbanization and industrialization, etc.
  • If rural agricultural communities are displaced to end up at the margins of society.
  • It results in a loss of culture due to loss of community life because traditional skills acquired over a long period, are also lost.
  • Displacement has led to struggles in many countries like India is Narmada Bachao Andolan against Sardar Sarovar Dam on the river Narmada.
  • The supporters of this dam claimed to generate electricity, irrigate large areas of land and to provide drinking water to the desert areas of Kutch and Saurashtra whereas the opponents of the dam claim to lose the land through construction by almost one million people.

Ecological costs of development:

  • Environmental degradation took place, i.e. Tsunami created damage to a greater extent on South and South East Asia coasts in 2005.
  • Global warming is also taking place due to emissions of greenhouse gases into the environment, i.e. ice-melting in Arctic and Antarctic regions has the potential to cause floods and submerge low lying areas like Bangladesh and Maldives.
  • The ecological crisis will adversely affect us, i.e. air pollution.
  • Deforestation also affect the forest resources, i.e. medical herbs, firewood or timber, etc.

Question 3.
What are some of the new claims for rights which the process of development has

  • In reality, the benefits of development have been concerned by powerful and costs of development have been borne by the poorest and vulnerable section due to ecological degradation, displacement and lost of livelihood.
  • Another claim is to have a right to be consulted in decision directly which affect the lives of the people.
  • The people can claim if an activity or law sanctioned by the government threatens the lives of the people.
  • The claim can be used to have a right to use natural resources by various communities and tribes, etc.
  • The claim to belong to natural resources, i.e. local community or common resource of whole humanity.
  • Democracies focus to achieve a balance between the claims of present and future.

Question 4.
What would be the advantages of democracy over other forms of government for ensuring that decisions regarding development are made to promote the common good?

  • Democracy is the best form of government because the conflicts are resolved through debates with the involvement of in formulating the goals of development and in devising way of implementing it.
  • Democracy makes a clear distinction between a plan made by others and sharing in the formulation of the plans because the others may plan with the best intentions but may be less aware of specific needs and the sharing shows the empowerment in decision making process.
  • Democracy and development are interrelated to ensure participation is to allow local decision making bodies to take decisions about development projects in the local area.
  • The people may be consulted on the issues to affect the people most and to reject them if it affects adversely to the community.
  • Direct involvement of people in planning and formulating policies allow people to direct resources towards their needs.
  • A decentralized approach to development makes it possible to use different types of technologies traditional and modern in a creative manner.

Question 5.
In your view, how successful have popular struggles been in making the state responsive to the social and environmental costs of development? Discuss with examples.
Yes, popular struggles have got a great success in making state responsible to the social and environmental costs of development:

  • The concept of ‘development’ gained importance after the second half of twentieth century when a large number of countries in Asia and Africa got political freedom from colonialism.
  • In the beginning years, the focus was on catching up with the west in terms of economic growth and modernisation of societies.
  • Earlier the state was the only agency capable of initiating that type of social and economic change and several nations embarked upon ambitious projects of development, generally with the assistance of loans and aid from the developed countries, i.e. five years plans in India since 1950s.(d) The model of development adopted by India and other countries has come under a great deal of criticism over the years and this led to some rethinking about the objectives and processes of development today.
  • Construction of Sardar Sarovar project was challenged on the ground to displace the tribal people and local inhabitants living near the areas of this dam and initiatives were taken by Narmada Bachao Andolan by Medha Patekar.
  • Some well-known environmental groups include Green Peace and World Wildlife Fund, etc.
  • In India Chipko Movement took place under the leadership of Sunder Lai Bahuguna to protect the Himalayan forests to pressurise the government to modify industrial and developmental policies of government.

Benefits of NCERT Solution for Class 11

NCERT Solution for Class 11 contains extremely important points, and for each chapter, each concept has been simplified to make it easier to remember and increase your chances of achieving excellent exam results. Exam Preparation References Here are some tips on how these solutions can help you prepare for the exam.

  1. This helps students solve many of the problems in each chapter and encourages them to make their concepts more meaningful.
  2. NCERT Solution for Class 11 encourage you to update your knowledge and refine your concepts so that you can get good results in the exam.
  3. These NCERT Solution For Class 11 are the best exam materials, allowing you to learn more about your week and your strengths. To get good results in the exam, it is important to overcome your weaknesses.
  4. Most of the questions in the exam are formulated in a similar way to NCERT textbooks. Therefore, students should review the solutions in each chapter in order to better understand the topic.
  5. It is free of cost.

Tips & Strategies for Class 11 Exam Preparation

  1. Plan your course and syllabus and make time for revision
  2. Please refer to the NCERT solution available on the cbsestudyguru website to clarify your concepts every time you prepare for the exam.
  3. Use the cbsestudyguru learning app to start learning to successfully pass the exam. Provide complete teaching materials, including resolved and unresolved tasks.
  4. It is important to clear all your doubts before the exam with your teachers or Alex (an Al study Bot). 
  5. When you read or study a chapter, write down algorithm formulas, theorems, etc., and review them quickly before the exam.
  6. Practice an ample number of question papers to make your concepts stronger. 
  7. Take rest and a proper meal.  Don’t stress too much. 

Why opt for cbsestudyguru NCERT Solution for Class 11 ? 

  • cbsestudyguru provide NCERT Solutions for all subjects at your fingertips.
  • These solutions are designed by subject matter experts and provide solutions to every NCERT textbook questions. 
  • cbsestudyguru especially focuses on making learning interactive, effective and for all classes.
  • We provide free NCERT Solutions for class 11 and all other classes.

Leave a Comment