Diversity and Discrimination CBSE Class 6 Civic Chapter 2 Notes

BoardCBSE Board, UP board, JAC board, HBSE Board, Bihar Board, PSEB board, RBSE Board, UBSE Board
Class6th Class
SubjectCivic| Political Science | Social Science
ChapterChapter 2
Chapter NameDiversity and Discrimination
TopicDiversity and Discrimination CBSE Class 6 Civic Chapter 2 Notes
Especially Designed Notes forCBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA, UPSC, SSC, NDA, All Govt. Exam

Diversity and Discrimination

Difference and Prejudice

  • There are a lot of things that make us what we are, such as- how we live, what we speak, what we eat and wear, what we play.
    • All this depends upon the historical backgrounds and geographical settings of the place we live in.
    • We live in a diverse country like India, there are eight major religions in the world and all of these are practised by us.
    • There are 1600 languages and more than a hundred dance forms.
  • Diversity is not always celebrated because we feel safe and secure with people who look, talk, dress and think like us.
    • When we move here and there, we meet many people who are very different from us and thus we find them strange and unfamiliar.
    • At times, we have no idea why they are different from us.


  • Prejudice’ means judging other people negatively or seeing them as inferior.
  • When we think that only one particular way is the best and right way to do things, we often end up not respecting others.
  • For example, if we think that English is the best among all languages, we start to judge other languages negatively.
  • As a result, we might not respect people who speak languages other than English.
  • We can be prejudiced about many things: people’s religious beliefs, the colour of their skin, the region they come from, the accent they speak in, the clothes they wear, etc.

Creating Stereotypes

  • When we fix people into one image, we create a stereotype.
    • The stereotype may be with respect to religion, sex, race or economic background.
    • There are stingy and generous people everywhere, as they are found in every country, in any gender, in every community whether they are rich or poor; just because some people are like that, it is not fair to think that everyone will be the same.
  • People have unique qualities and skills that make them different from others but stereotypes prevent us from seeing each person as a unique individual.
    • They fit large numbers of people into only one pattern or type.
    • Stereotypes influence all of us as they stop us from doing certain things that we might otherwise be good at.

Inequality and Discrimination

  • Discrimination takes place when people act on their prejudices or stereotypes.
  • Groups of people who speak different languages, follow a particular religion, live in certain regions etc may be discriminated against as their customs or practices are seen as inferior or backward.
  • Discrimination can take place because of several reasons.
  • Some people may experience both economic discrimination as well as cultural discrimination.

On Being Discriminated Against

  • People are engaged in different kinds of work for their livelihood, such as teaching, weaving, fishing, farming, carpentry, etc.
    • Some people do cleaning, washing, cutting hair, picking garbage.
    • However, these are seen as tasks that are of less weightage and are considered as dirty or impure.
    • This belief is an important aspect of the caste system.
  • In India there was caste system.
    • In this system, communities/groups of people were placed in a sort of ladder where each caste was either above or below the other.
    • The people who placed themselves at the top of this ladder called themselves as upper caste and people who were placed at the bottom of the ladder called unworthy.
  • They were also considered as untouchables.
    • Caste rules were set which did not allow the so called untouchables to take on work, other than what they were meant to do.
    • For example, some people or groups pick garbage and remove dead animals from the village.
    • But the people belonging to these groups are not allowed to enter the homes of the upper castes.
  • These people were not even took water from the village well and not enter the temples.
    • Children of these groups were often not allowed to sit next to children of other castes in school.
    • In other words, the untouchables were not allowed to take on work other than what they were meant to do.
    • People maintained distance from them and they were called Dalits.

Striving for Equality

Main events during the striving for equality were as follows:

  • People fought against British rule but some deprived people fought against British as well as fought to be treated more equally.
    • Dalits, women, tribals and peasants stood against the inequalities they experienced in their lives.
  • Dalits organised themselves to gain entry into temples.
    • Women organised for demanding equal privilege as men did.
    • Peasants and tribals organised for fighting against zamidari system.
  • India became independent on 15th August, 1947, but discrimination and inequalities existed.
    • Our Constitution makers were aware that this discrimination had been practised in our society and how people had struggled against this.
  • Many Indian National Movement leaders fought against such inequalities, in which Dr. Ambedkar was the most prominent; he fought for the rights of Dalits.
  • Leaders of our country set out a vision and goal in the Constitution to ensure that all the people of India were considered equal.
    • This equality would further lead a united India.
  • They took special care to include such provisions in the Constitution that would ensure equality to all the citizens of India.
  • Now, untouchability is seen as a crime and has been legally abolished by law.
    • People are free to choose the kind of work they wish to do.
    • Government jobs are open to all people.
  • The Constitution of India specified the right to equality for poor and other deprived communities.
  • The writers of the Constitution also advocated respect for diversity and ensured equality irrespective of citizens belonging to different communities, religions, languages etc.
  • They further advocated that no one language, religion or festival should become compulsory for all to follow and government must treat all religions equally.

  • Thus, India became a secular state where all the religions and faiths have been practised and followed without fear of discrimination.
    • That is why we unite and live together and respect each other.
  • Equality is a value that we have to keep aspiring for and not something which will occur automatically.
    • People’s struggles and positive actions by the government are important to make this a truth for all Indians.

one word meaning

  1. Prejudice It means to judge other people negatively or see them as inferior.
  2. Stereotype A stereotype is used to categorise a group of people. A term used to define all people of a certain belief into a mostly negative category that may only reflect a selected few of the racial demographics.
  3. Generous it means showing a readiness to give more of something, especially money, than is strictly necessary or expected.
  4. Discrimination It is an action that denies social participation or denies human rights to certain categories of people based on prejudice.
  5. Dalit It is a term used for the people belonging to so-called lower castes and down trodden on the basis of prejudices and discrimination.

Leave a Comment