# NCERT Solutions For Class 11 Geography Chapter 8 Weather Instruments Maps And Charts

## Class 11 Geography Chapter 8 Weather InstrumentsMaps And Charts

NCERT Solutions For Class 11 Geography Chapter 8 Weather Instruments Maps And Charts, (Geography) exam are Students are taught thru NCERT books in some of state board and CBSE Schools. As the chapter involves an end, there is an exercise provided to assist students prepare for evaluation. Students need to clear up those exercises very well because the questions withinside the very last asked from those.

Sometimes, students get stuck withinside the exercises and are not able to clear up all of the questions. To assist students solve all of the questions and maintain their studies with out a doubt, we have provided step by step NCERT Solutions for the students for all classes. These answers will similarly help students in scoring better marks with the assist of properly illustrated solutions as a way to similarly assist the students and answering the questions right.

## Class 11 Geography Chapter 8 Weather Instruments, Maps And Charts

1. Choose the right answer from the four alternatives given below.

Question 1(i).
Which department prepares the weather map of India for each day?
(a) The World Meteorological Organisation
(b) The Indian Meteorological Department
(c) The Survey of India
(d) None of these.
(b) The Indian Meteorological Department

Question 1(ii).
Which two liquids are used in maximum and minimum thermometers?
(a) Mercury and water
(b) Water and alcohol
(c) Mercury and alcohol
(d) None of these.
(c) Mercury and alcohol

Question 1(iii).
Lines connecting the places of equal pressure are called
(a) Isobars
(b) Isohyets
(c) Isotherms
(d) Isohels.
(a) Isobars

Question 1(iv).
The primary tool for weather forecasting is
(a) Thermometer
(b) Barometer
(c) Maps
(d) Weather charts.
(d) Weather charts

Question 1(v).
If there is more humidity in the air, the difference between the readings of a dry bulb and a wet bulb will be
(a) Less
(b) More
(c) Equal
(d) None of these.
(a) Less.

2. Answer the following questions in about 30 words.

Question 2(i).
What are the basic elements of weather?
The weather elements include temperature, pressure, wind, humidity and cloudiness.

Question 2(ii).
What is a weather chart?
The data received from various weather observatories are in plenty and detailed. Therefore, they cannot be incorporated in one single chart unless the coding designed to give the economy of expression is used. These are called synoptic weather charts and the codes used are called meteorological symbols.

Question 2(iii).
Which instruments are normally available in Class-I observatory to measure the weather phenomena?
The highest category is Class-I. Typical instrumental facility available in a Class-I observatory consists of the following:

• Maximum and minimum thermometers
• Anemometer and wind vane
• Dry and Wet bulb thermometer
• Rain gauge
• Barometer

Observations are taken in these observatories normally at 00,03,06,09, 12,15,18,21 hours (Greenwich Mean Time) around the globe. However, for logistic reasons, some of the observatories take limited number of daily observations upper air observation during daytime only.

Question 2(iv).
What are Isotherms?
These are lines connecting places of equal temperature.

Question 2(v).
Which meteorological symbols are used to mark the following on a weather map?
(a) Rain
(b) Mist
(c) Sunshine
(d) Lightning
(e) Overcast Sky

3. Answer the following question in not more than 125 words.
Discuss how weather maps and charts are prepared and how they are useful to us.
Weather Maps: A weather map is the representation of weather phenomena of the earth or a part of it on a flat surface. It depicts conditions associated with different weather elements such as temperature, rainfall, sunshine and cloudiness, direction and velocity of winds, etc. on a particular day. These observations being taken at fixed hours are transmitted by code to the forecasting stations. The central office keeps a record of the observations, which forms
the basis for making a weather map. The upper air observations which are procured from hill stations, aeroplanes, pilot balloons, etc. are plotted separately.

Indian Meteorological Department is getting the weather maps and charts prepared regularly. Meteorological observatories transmit the data to the Central Observatory at Pune twice a day. Data is also collected on ships plying on the Indian seas. A good progress has been made in the field of weather forecasting and observation with the establishment of weather observatories in Antarctica, the International Indian Ocean Expedition, and the launching of rockets and weather satellites.

Utility:

• Weather maps help us to predict weather.
• Weather forecasting helps farmers, fishermen, soldiers, navigators and pilots in many ways.
• Disaster management is not possible without weather maps and charts. Weather Charts: The data received from various weather observatories are in plenty and detailed. As such, they cannot be incorporated in one single chart unless the coding designed to give the economy of expression is used. These are called synoptic weather charts and the codes used are called meteorological symbols.
• Utility:
• Weather charts provide the primary tools for weather forecasting.
• They help in locating and identifying different air masses, pressure systems, fronts and areas of precipitation.

Study the Figures 8.12 and 8.13 and answer the following questions.

(a) Which seasons are shown in these maps?

(b) What is the value of the highest isobar in Figure 8.12 and through which part of the country does it pass?

(c) What are the values of the highest and the lowest isobars in Figure 8.13 and where are they located?

(d) What are the patterns of temperature distribution in both the maps?

(e) In which parts do you see the highest and the lowest mean temperature in Figure 8.12?

(f) What relationship do you see between the distribution of temperature and pessure in both the maps?

Answer: Attempt it yourself.

Benefits of NCERT Solution for Class 11

NCERT Solution for Class 11 contains extremely important points, and for each chapter, each concept has been simplified to make it easier to remember and increase your chances of achieving excellent exam results. Exam Preparation References Here are some tips on how these solutions can help you prepare for the exam.

1. This helps students solve many of the problems in each chapter and encourages them to make their concepts more meaningful.
2. NCERT Solution for Class 11 encourage you to update your knowledge and refine your concepts so that you can get good results in the exam.
3. These NCERT Solution For Class 11 are the best exam materials, allowing you to learn more about your week and your strengths. To get good results in the exam, it is important to overcome your weaknesses.
4. Most of the questions in the exam are formulated in a similar way to NCERT textbooks. Therefore, students should review the solutions in each chapter in order to better understand the topic.
5. It is free of cost.

Tips & Strategies for Class 11 Exam Preparation

1. Plan your course and syllabus and make time for revision
2. Please refer to the NCERT solution available on thecbsestudyguruwebsite to clarify your concepts every time you prepare for the exam.
3. Use thecbsestudygurulearning app to start learning to successfully pass the exam. Provide complete teaching materials, including resolved and unresolved tasks.
4. It is important to clear all your doubts before the exam with your teachers or Alex (an Al study Bot).
5. When you read or study a chapter, write down algorithm formulas, theorems, etc., and review them quickly before the exam.
6. Practice an ample number of question papers to make your concepts stronger.
7. Take rest and a proper meal. Don’t stress too much.

Why opt for cbsestudyguru NCERT Solution for Class 11 ?

• cbsestudyguruprovide NCERT Solutions for all subjects at your fingertips.
• These solutions are designed by subject matter experts and provide solutions to every NCERT textbook questions.
• cbsestudyguruespecially focuses on making learning interactive, effective and for all classes.
• We provide free NCERT Solutions for class 11 and all other classes.