NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Geography Chapter 6 Population
|1. Exercise Questions|
|2. Intext Questions|
NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Geography Chapter 6 Population in this step-by-step answer guide. In some of State Boards and CBSE schools, students are taught thru NCERT books. As the chapter comes to an end, students are requested few questions in an exercising to evaluate their expertise of the chapter. Students regularly want guidance managing those NCERT Solutions. It’s most effective natural to get stuck withinside the exercises while solving them so that you can assist students score higher marks, we’ve provided step by step NCERT answers for all exercises of Class nine Social Science Population so you can are looking for assist from them. Students should solve those exercises carefully as questions withinside the final exams are requested from those, so these exercises immediately have an impact on students’ final score. Find all NCERT Solutions for Class nine Social Science Population below and prepare in your tests easily.
NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Social Science Geography
Chapter 6 – Population
1. Choose the right answer from the four alternatives given below .
( i ) Migrations change the number , distribution and composition of the population in
( a ) the area of departure
( b ) the area of arrival
( c ) Both the area of departure and arrival
( d ) None of the above
( ii ) A large proportion of children in a population is a result of
( a ) high birth rates
( b ) high life expectancies
( c ) high death rates
( d ) more married couples
( iii ) The magnitude of population growth refers to
( a ) the total population of an area
( b ) the number of persons added each year
( c ) the rate at which the population increases
( d ) the number of females per thousand males
( iv ) According to the Census , a ‘ literate ‘ person is one who
( a ) can read and write his / her name
( b ) can read and write any language
( c ) is 7 years old and can read and write anyone language with understanding
( d ) knows the 3’R’s ( reading , writing , arithmetic )
Ans . ( i ) ( c ) ( ii ) ( a ) ( iii ) ( b ) ( iv ) ( c )
2. Answer the following questions briefly .
( i ) Why is the rate of population growth in India declining since 1981 ?
Ans . The rate of population growth in India is declining since 1981 because the birth rates and death rates have declined rapidly . This is due to
( i ) Improvement in female education and literacy has led to decline in birth rates .
( ii ) Better healthcare facilities have improved the life expectancy at birth . This helps in lowering the death rate .
( iii ) The positive effect of family planning programme , birth control measures and easy availability of contraceptives has led to decline in growth rate .
( ii ) Discuss the major components of population growth .
Ans . Major components of population growth are
• The birth rate is the number of live births per thousand persons in a year . It is a major component of population growth . In India birth rates have always been higher than death rates .
• The death rate is also one of the major components of population growth . It is defined as the number of deaths per thousand persons in a year . The main cause of growth of the population in India has been the rapid decline in the death rate .
• Migration is the movement of people across regions and territories . Internal migration only changes the distribution of population where as international migration changes both size and distribution of population .
( iii ) Define age structure , death rate and birth rate .
Ans . Age structure It means the number of people in different age groups in a given population .
Death rate It is the number of deaths per thousand persons in a year .
Birth rate It is the number of live births per thousand persons in a year .
( iv ) How is migration a determinant factor of population change ?
Ans . Migration is a determinant factor of population change in the following ways –
• Internal migration ( within the country ) changes the population distribution of a country .
• International migration ( outside the country ) changes composition as well as size of the population .
• In India , rural to urban migration has changed the size as well as the age – sex composition of urban and rural populations .
3. Distinguish between population growth and population change .
Ans . The differences between population growth and population change are given below
4. What is the relation between occupational structure and development ?
Ans . The distribution of the population according to the different types of occupations is referred to as the occupational structure of a population .
The relation between occupational structure and development is that the proportion of people working in different activities determines the economic development of a country .
Occupations are generally classified as primary ( agriculture , mining , fishing , etc ) secondary ( manufacturing industry , building and construction work , etc ) and tertiary ( transport , communications , banking , etc ) .
Developed nations have a high proportion of people in secondary and tertiary activities . Developing countries have a higher proportion of their workforce engaged in primary activities .
5. What are the advantages of having a healthy population ?
Ans . Some advantages of having a healthy population are
( i ) A healthy population provides a potential power to a nation .
( ii ) A healthy populations makes full use of the natural resources provided by the environment .
( iii ) A healthy population develops the economy and society of a country .
6. What are the significant features of the National Population Policy , 2000 ?
Ans . Significant features of National Population Policy 2000 are
( i ) Imparting free and compulsory school education upto 14 years of age .
( ii ) Reducing infant mortality rate to below 30 per 1000 live births .
( iii ) Achieving universal immunisation of children against all vaccine preventable diseases .
( iv ) Promoting delayed marriage for girls and strengthening legal measures to prevent child marriage .
( v ) Making family welfare and people centered programmes .
( vi ) Protection of adolescent girls from unwanted pregnancies .
( vii ) Protection of adolescents from Sexually Transmitted Diseases ( STD ) and educate them about the risks of unprotected sex .
( viii ) Making contraceptive services accessible and affordable .
( ix ) Providing food supplement and nutritional services to the adolescents .
On Page 54
1. What could be the reason of uneven distribution of population in India ?
Ans . The reason for this uneven distribution of population are
( i ) Relief Mountains , deserts and plateaus are sparsely populated , due to rugged terrain and infertile soil . Plains are thickly populated due to flat features and availability of fertile soil .
( ii ) Climate The region of high rainfall have very high population whereas regions of extreme climatic conditions like very cold , very hot and dry areas have sparse population .
On Page 56
2. Consider the following table .
The above data reveals that despite the decline in growth rates , the number of people being added every decade is steadily increasing . Why ?
Ans . The number of people added to the population are increasing every decade . This is because India has a very large population ; when a low annual rate is applied to a very large population , it still leads to a large increase in the number of people . For example , when a low annual rate of 1.6 % is supplied on 120 crore , it will lead to an increase of 1.2 crore people ( 1.6 % of 120 crore ) . So , the number of people being added every decade is steadily increasing .
On Page 59
3. Kerala has a sex ratio of 1084 females per 1000 males . Puducherry has 1038 females for every 1000 males , while Delhi has 866 females per 1000 males and Haryana has just 877 females . What could be the reasons for such variation ?
Ans . Kerala and Puducherry have a sex ratio of more than 1000 females per 1000 males while Delhi has 866 females per 1000 males and Haryana just 877 females . This is because of the following reasons
( a ) Kerala and puducherry have good health facilities , which reduces infant mortality rate .
( b ) These states have higher literacy rates . Due to higher literacy of women there is less female foeticide .
( c ) In Delhi , there is a heavy migration of males who migrate for better job opportunities to these large cities . Generally , their families stay back in their villages or hometowns . This leads to a very high number of males in the urban centres like Delhi .
( d ) In Haryana , female foeticide is widespread because of people’s desire to have a male child , due to a patriarchal family system . This has led to very low sex ratio in Haryana .
Benefits of NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Geography Chapter 6 Population
NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Geography Chapter 6 Population contains extremely important points, and for each chapter, each concept has been simplified to make it easier to remember and increase your chances of achieving excellent exam results. Exam Preparation References Here are some tips on how these solutions can help you prepare for the exam.
- This helps students solve many of the problems in each chapter and encourages them to make their concepts more meaningful.
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