NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Economics Chapter 2 People As Resource
|1. Exercise Questions|
|2. Intext Questions|
NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Economics Chapter 2 People As Resources in this step-by-step answer guide. In some of State Boards and CBSE schools, students are taught thru NCERT books. As the chapter comes to an end, students are requested few questions in an exercising to evaluate their expertise of the chapter. Students regularly want guidance managing those NCERT Solutions. It’s most effective natural to get stuck withinside the exercises while solving them so that you can assist students score higher marks, we’ve provided step by step NCERT answers for all exercises of Class nine Social Science People As Resources so you can are looking for assist from them. Students should solve those exercises carefully as questions withinside the final exams are requested from those, so these exercises immediately have an impact on students’ final score. Find all NCERT Solutions for Class nine Social Science People As Resources below and prepare in your tests easily.
NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Social Science Economics
Chapter 2 – People as Resource
1. What do you understand by ‘ people as a resource ” ?
Ans . People as Resource is a way of referring to a country’s working population in terms of their existing production skills and abilities .
2. How is human resource different from other resources like land and physical capital ?
Ans . Human resource is different from other resources due to the following reasons
( i ) Land and other resources are fixed , limited and specified whereas human resources can be nurtured through education and health .
( ii ) Human resources can bring changes in other resources whereas other resources can’t change or affect human resources .
( iii ) Human resources can make use of land and physical capital whereas land and physical capital can’t become useful on its own .
3. What is the role of education in human capital formation ?
Ans . Education plays a significant and very vital role in human capital formation in the following ways
( i ) Education helps humans to achieve and realise their full potential .
( ii ) It helps to make people successful in their life in the form of higher incomes earned through better jobs and higher productivity .
( iii ) Education helps the people by broadening their knowledge and providing them training .
( iv ) It opens new avenues for earning like doing business , job , etc.
( v ) It contribute towards the growth of society .
( vi ) It enhances the national income , cultural richness and the efficiency of the governance .
4. What is the role of health in human capital formation ?
Ans . Health plays an important role in human capital formation for the following reasons
( i ) A person with good health can work efficiently .
( ii ) Healthy people can realise their full potential and contribute better to the society and to the country .
( iii ) By increasing their working capacity , healthy people can improve their standard of living .
In this way , good health increases earning capacity and results in human capital formation .
5. What part does health play in the individual’s working life ?
Ans . Health plays an important role in the individual’s working life because
( i ) An unhealthy person cannot work efficiently .
( ii ) If the body is healthy , only then the mind can perform well .
( iii ) A healthy person is able to work harder and better , thus earning more and living a better life .
6. What are the various activities undertaken in the primary sector , secondary sector and tertiary sector ?
Ans . The various activities undertaken in these sectors are
Primary sector Primary occupations have a direct link . with nature of physical environment . For example agriculture , forestry , animal husbandry , fishing , poultry farming and mining .
Secondary sector In the secondary sector manufacturing and construction work taken place .
Tertiary sector This sector mainly provides services to the primary and secondary activities . For example . trade , transport , communication , banking , education , health , tourism , services and insurance .
7. What is the difference between economic activities and non – economic activities ?
Ans . The differences between economic and non – economic activities are
8. Why are women employed in low paid work ?
Ans . Women are employed in low paid work due to the following reasons
( i ) As a majority of the women in India have lesser education and lesser skill than men due to traditional reasons , they are paid less than men . or are mostly employed in low paid work .
( ii ) Another reason is that jobs involving physical labour are entrusted to men only due to their physique ; here women cannot do as much physical work as men .
( iii ) Women also generally have an additional responsibility of looking after their family and children , so they cannot be as regular as men in their duties . So , they are often given non – critical and low paid work .
9. How will you explain the term unemployment ?
Ans . Unemployment is a situation where someone of working age is not able to get a job . It is expressed as a percentage of the total available workforce . The level of unemployment varies with economic conditions and other circumstances .
10. What is the difference between disguised unemployment and seasonal unemployment ?
Ans . Difference between disguised unemployment and seasonal unemployment are as follows
11. Why is educated unemployed , a peculiar problem of India ?
Ans . Educated unemployment is a peculiar problem of India due to the following reasons
( i ) It is mainly found in urban areas as education level is high there .
( ii ) People with educational degrees like Matriculation , Graduation and Post Graduation are not able to find jobs here .
( iii ) There exists a paradoxical manpower situation which means surplus manpower in some areas and shortages in the other .
( iv ) In India , there is surplus manpower of technically qualified people due to which there is unemployment among them . But at the same time , there is shortage of technical skills also needed for economic growth .
( v ) Secondary and tertiary sector have failed to provide employment so people are still dependent on primary sector .
Due to all these problems , India’s educated unemployment is very peculiar .
12. In which field do you think India can build the maximum employment opportunity ?
Ans . The field in which India can build the maximum employment is the service sector .
Only the Tertiary or service sector can generate the maximum employment opportunity , for which the unemployed will have to be trained .
In primary sector there is no further scope because there is already disguised unemployment .
In secondary sector small scale manufacturing is the most labour absorbing sector .
13. Can you suggest some measures in the education system to mitigate the problem of the educated unemployed ?
Ans . Some measures can be adopted in education system to solve the problem of educated unemployed people are
( i ) System of education should be changed so as to provide skill based education so that students find appropriate jobs .
( ii ) Education about new services like biotechnology , information technology should be introduced to prepare students for employment in advanced technical skills .
( iii ) More opportunities should be made available in the Tertiary sector , where more educated unemployed people can find jobs .
14. Can you imagine some village which initially had no job opportunities but later came up with many ?
Ans . Rampur was a small village which initially depended on agriculture and on rainfall .
Then electricity reached the village and people could irrigate their fields and could grow 2 to 3 crops in a year to get more work .
Some people started small – scale industries which could be run by electricity and provide employment to people .
A school was established so that the population started to become educated and as a result , they could seek employment in and outside the village .
The village became prosperous and soon had better health , education , transport and job facilities .
15. Which capital would you consider the best – land , labour , physical capital and human capital ? Why ?
Ans . Human capital is the most important capital , because all other types of capital can be utilised only by humans .
If humans do not develop and process other capital or resources and make them usable , they would remain undeveloped and unutilised , because on their own , they are useless and of no use to anybody .
If we develop human capital , then all other resources will automatically develop and lead to progress .
Human capital is the stock of skill and knowledge with proper education , training and medical care , this resource can be turned into an asset for the country .
If human capital is of high quality than it can greatly help in the progress of a country . Therefore , Japan has invested in its human capital .
Let’s Discuss on page 21
1. Study the graph and answer the following questions .
( i ) Have the literacy rates of the population increased since 1951 ?
( ii ) In which year has India the highest literacy rate ?
( iii ) Why is literacy rate high among the males of India ?
( iv ) Why are women less educated than men ?
( v ) How would you calculate literacy rate in India ?
( vi ) What is your projection about India’s literacy rate in 2025 ?
Ans . ( i ) Yes , the literacy rates of the population have increased since 1951 as shown below
( ii ) India has the highest literacy rate in 2017 .
( iii ) India traditionally has a patriarchal society where more importance is given to males . Culturally , due to division of labour , the males are expected to go out of their homes for work so they have better access to education . Poor families , due to monetary constraints , prefer to send only their sons to school and not their daughters . Therefore , literacy rate is higher among the males .
( iv ) Women are less educated than men because preference is given to the boys or sons in the family for education because they are considered as the future of the family .
Traditionally , the girls are expected to stay at home and look after domestic chores . So , education among girls is not encouraged . Because of the above reasons , women are less educated than men .
( v ) The literacy rate can be calculated on the basis of the number of literate people divided by the population and multiplied by 100 .
( vi ) Based on the last ten years ‘ trends , I would project India’s literacy rate to be 78 % in 2025 , with male literacy being 89 % and female literacy being 78 % .
Let’s Discuss on page 22 , 23
2. Number of Institutions of Higher Education , Enrollment and Faculty .
Discuss this table in the classroom and answer the following questions .
( i ) Is the increase in number of colleges adequate to admit the increasing number of students ?
( ii ) Do you think we should have more number of universities ?
( iii ) What is the increase noticed among the teachers in the year 2015-16 ?
( iv ) What is your idea about future colleges and universities ?
Ans . ( i ) No , the increase in number of colleges is not adequate to admit the increasing number of students , as can be seen in column 2 and 3 of the table . From 1950 onwards , the colleges have increased about 50 times , while the students have increased by about 110 times .
( ii ) We need not have more universities , although each university will need to affiliate more colleges to cater to the increase in the number of colleges .
( iii ) The increase of teachers in 2015-16 is about 12.284 % , whereas the number of students during the same period have gone up by 6.667 % .
( iv ) Future colleges and universities must impart skill – based education so that the students passing out of them are able to find productive jobs . There is no further requirement for academic degrees which do not give jobs to the students .
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