NCERT Solutions For Class 8 Science Chapter 8 Cell Structure and Functions

Class 8 Science Chapter 8 Cell Structure and Functions

NCERT Solutions For Class 8 Science Chapter 8 Cell – Structure And Functions, (Science) exam are Students are taught thru NCERT books in some of state board and CBSE Schools.  As the chapter involves an end, there is an exercise provided to assist students prepare for evaluation.  Students need to clear up those exercises very well because the questions withinside the very last asked from those. 

Sometimes, students get stuck withinside the exercises and are not able to clear up all of the questions.  To assist students, solve all of the questions and maintain their studies without a doubt, we have provided step by step NCERT Solutions for the students for all classes.  These answers will similarly help students in scoring better marks with the assist of properly illustrated Solutions as a way to similarly assist the students and answering the questions right.

NCERT Solutions For Class 8 Science Chapter 8 Cell Structure and Functions

Class 8 Science Chapter 8 Cell Structure and Functions

Exercise Questions

1. Indicate whether the following statements are True (T) or False (F).

(a) Unicellular organisms have one-celled body. (T/F)

(b) Muscle cells are branched. (T/F)

(c) The basic living unit of an organism is an organ. (T/F)

(d) Amoeba has irregular shape. (T/F)



b) False

c) False

d) True

2. Make a sketch of the human nerve cell. What function do nerve cells perform?


The main function of the nerve cell is to transmit messages to the brain from receptor organs and vice versa. It has control over the working of different parts of the body.

3. Write short notes on the following.

(a) Cytoplasm

(b) Nucleus of a cell


(a) Cytoplasm:

The cytoplasm is a fluid that contains all the cell organelles such as the Mitochondria, Ribosomes, Golgi bodies, etc. It is present between the nucleus and the plasma membrane. It helps in the exchange of materials between cell organelles. It is made up of eighty percent water and is usually clear and colourless.

(b) The nucleus of a cell:

The Nucleus is a double-membrane bound cell organelle present in eukaryotic cells. It contains the DNA, the genetic material. It is the command centre of the cell and is spherical in shape. It has the following components:

  • Nuclear membrane
  • Nucleolus
  • Chromosomes
  1. Nuclear membrane:

It has is a double-layered membrane. It separates the contents of the nucleus from the cytoplasm and acts as a wall. It has pores that allow the transfer of certain substances in and out of the cell.

2. Nucleolus:

It is a small dense spherical body. It is not bound by any membrane.

3. Chromosome:

These are thread-like structures that carry genes. All the necessary information required for the transfer of characteristics from the parents to the offspring are stored in the genes. Inheritance of characteristics is possible only because of chromosomes.

4. Which part of the cell contains organelles?


Various cell organelles are present in the cytoplasm. It is a clear and colorless fluid that contains organelles like Mitochondria, Ribosomes, Golgi bodies.

5. Make sketches of animal and plant cells. State three differences between them.


Plant cellAnimal cell
They are large in sizeThey are smaller than plant cells
The cell wall is presentThe cell wall is absent
Vacuoles are largeVacuoles are small
Plastids could be seenExcept for Euglena, Plastids could not be seen in animal cells.

6. State the difference between eukaryotes and prokaryotes.

Most of them are unicellularMost of them are multicellular
There is no nuclear membrane. So, the nucleus is poorly defined.There is a nuclear membrane. So, the nucleus is well defined.
Not all cell organelles are presentAll the cell organelles are present.
Nucleolus is absentNucleolus is present
Eg: Blue-green algae, BacteriaEg: Plant, Animal cells and Fungi.

7. Where are chromosomes found in a cell? State their function.


Chromosomes are thread-like structures present in the nucleus that carry genes. All the necessary information required for the transfer of characteristics from the parents to the offspring are stored in the genes. Inheritance of characteristics is possible only because of chromosomes.

8. ‘Cells are the basic structural units of living organisms’. Explain.


Various components of plants and animals are constituted by cells. It is the smallest unit of life and is capable of all living functions. They are the building blocks of life. That is the reason why cells are referred to as ‘the basic structural and functional blocks of life’.

Cells exist in various shapes and sizes and perform a wide range of activities.

Their shapes and sizes are related to the function it performs.

9. Explain why chloroplasts are found only in plant cells.


Chloroplasts are plastids required for the food making process, called photosynthesis, and thus they are only present in plant cells.

10. Complete the crossword with the help of clues given below.


1. This is necessary for photosynthesis.

3. Term for component present in the cytoplasm.

6. The living substance in the cell.

8. Units of inheritance present on the chromosomes.


1. Green plastids.

2. Formed by collection of tissues.

4. It separates the contents of the cell from the surrounding medium.

5. Empty structure in the cytoplasm.

7. A group of cells.



  1. Chlorophyll
  2. Organelle
  3. Protoplasm
  4. Genes


  1. Chloroplasts
  2. Organ
  3. Membrane
  4. Vacuole
  5. Tissue

Benefits of NCERT Solutions for Class 8

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 contains extremely important points, and for each chapter, each concept has been simplified to make it easier to remember and increase your chances of achieving excellent exam results. Exam Preparation References Here are some tips on how these Solutions can help you prepare for the exam.

  1. This helps students solve many of the problems in each chapter and encourages them to make their concepts more meaningful.
  2. NCERT Solutions for Class 8 encourage you to update your knowledge and refine your concepts so that you can get good results in the exam.
  3. These NCERT Solutions For Class 8 are the best exam materials, allowing you to learn more about your week and your strengths. To get good results in the exam, it is important to overcome your weaknesses.
  4. Most of the questions in the exam are formulated in a similar way to NCERT textbooks. Therefore, students should review the Solutions in each chapter in order to better understand the topic.
  5. It is free of cost.

Tips & Strategies for Class 8 Exam Preparation

  1. Plan your course and syllabus and make time for revision
  2. Please refer to the NCERT Solutions available on the cbsestudyguru website to clarify your concepts every time you prepare for the exam.
  3. Use the cbsestudyguru learning app to start learning to successfully pass the exam. Provide complete teaching materials, including resolved and unresolved tasks.
  4. It is important to clear all your doubts before the exam with your teachers or Alex (an Al study Bot). 
  5. When you read or study a chapter, write down algorithm formulas, theorems, etc., and review them quickly before the exam.
  6. Practice an ample number of question papers to make your concepts stronger. 
  7. Take rest and a proper meal.  Don’t stress too much. 

Why opt for cbsestudyguru NCERT Solutions for Class 8 ? 

  • cbsestudyguru provide NCERT Solutions for all subjects at your fingertips.
  • These Solutions are designed by subject matter experts and provide Solutions to every NCERT textbook questions. 
  • cbsestudyguru especially focuses on making learning interactive, effective and for all classes.
  • We provide free NCERT Solutions for class 8 and all other classes.

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