NCERT Solutions For Class 8 Science Chapter 2 Microorganisms Friend and Foe

Class 8 Science Chapter 2 Microorganisms Friend and Foe

NCERT Solutions For Class 8 Science Chapter 2 Microorganisms Friend And Foe, (Science) exam are Students are taught thru NCERT books in some of state board and CBSE Schools.  As the chapter involves an end, there is an exercise provided to assist students prepare for evaluation.  Students need to clear up those exercises very well because the questions withinside the very last asked from those. 

Sometimes, students get stuck withinside the exercises and are not able to clear up all of the questions.  To assist students, solve all of the questions and maintain their studies without a doubt, we have provided step by step NCERT Solutions for the students for all classes.  These answers will similarly help students in scoring better marks with the assist of properly illustrated Solutions as a way to similarly assist the students and answering the questions right.

NCERT Solutions For Class 8 Science Chapter 2 Microorganisms Friend and Foe

Class 8 Science Chapter 2 Microorganisms Friend and Foe

Exercise Questions

1. Fill in the blanks.

(a) Microorganisms can be seen with the help of a ____________.

(b) Blue green algae fix __________ directly from air and enhance fertility of soil.

(c) Alcohol is produced with the help of __________.

(d) Cholera is caused by __________.


a) Microscope

b) Nitrogen

c) Yeast

d) Bacteria- Vibrio cholera

2. Tick the correct answer.

(a) Yeast is used in the production of

(i) sugar         (ii) alcohol       (iii) hydrochloric acid       (iv) oxygen

(b) The following is an antibiotic

(i) Sodium bicarbonate        (ii) Streptomycin        (iii) Alcohol         (iv) Yeast

(c) Carrier of malaria-causing protozoan is

(i) female Anopheles mosquito      (ii) cockroach       (iii) housefly       (iv) butterfly

(d) The most common carrier of communicable diseases is

(i) ant        (ii) housefly       (iii) dragonfly        (iv) spider

(e) The bread or idli dough rises because of

(i) heat       (ii) grinding       (iii) growth of yeast cells        (iv) kneading

(f) The process of conversion of sugar into alcohol is called

(i) nitrogen fixation       (ii) moulding        (iii) fermentation       (iv) infection


a) (ii) alcohol

b) (ii) Streptomycin

c) (i) female Anopheles mosquito

d) (ii) housefly

e) (iii) growth of yeast cells

f) (iii) fermentation

3. Match the organisms in Column A with their action in Column B.

(i) Bacteria(a) Fixing nitrogen
(ii) Rhizobium(b) Setting of curd
(iii) Lactobacillus(c) Baking of bread
(iv) Yeast(d) Causing malaria
(v) A protozoan(e) Causing cholera
(vi) A virus(f) Causing AIDS
(g) Producing antibodies


(i) Bacteria(e) Causing cholera
(ii) Rhizobium(a) Fixing nitrogen
(iii) Lactobacillus(b) Setting of curd
(iv) Yeast(c) Baking of bread
(v) A protozoan(d) Causing malaria
(vi) A virus(f) Causing AIDS

4. Can microorganisms be seen with the naked eye? If not, how can they be seen?


Microorganisms cannot be seen by the naked eye because they are very small. They can be seen by using a microscope.

5. What are the major groups of microorganisms?


Major group of microorganisms are as follows

  1. Bacteria
  2. Fungi
  3. Protozoans
  4. Algae
  5. Viruses

6. Name the microorganisms which can fix atmospheric nitrogen in the soil.



7. Write 10 lines on the usefulness of microorganisms in our lives.


Uses of microorganisms are listed below

  • They are helpful in cleaning up of the environment. For example, the organic wastes (vegetable peels, remains of animals, faeces, etc.) are broken down into harmless and usable substances by bacteria.
  • Curd contains several microorganisms. Of these, the bacterium, Lactobacillus promotes the formation of curd. It multiplies in milk and converts it into curd.
  • Bacteria are also involved in the making of cheese, pickles and many other food items.
  • Bacteria and yeast are also helpful for fermentation of rice idlis and dosa batter.
  • Yeast reproduces rapidly and produces carbon dioxide during respiration. Bubbles of the gas fill the dough and increase its volume. This is the basis of the use of yeast in the baking industry for making breads, pastries and cakes.
  • Microorganisms are used for the large scale production of alcohol, wine and acetic acid (vinegar).
  • Antibiotics are being produced from bacteria and fungi.
  • Microorganisms are helpful in producing vaccines against disease-causing agents.
  • Some bacteria (Fig. 2.7) are able to fix nitrogen from the atmosphere to enrich the soil with nitrogen and increase its fertility.
  • Microorganisms decompose dead organic waste of plants and animals to convert them into simple substances. These substances are again used by other plants and animals. Thus, microorganisms can be used to degrade the harmful and smelly substances and thereby clean up the environment.

8. Write a short paragraph on the harmful effects of microorganisms.


Microorganisms cause diseases in plants and animals Ex; Cholera in humans is caused by bacteria called Vibrio cholera. In animals, the virus causes foot and mouth diseases. Microorganisms spoil the foods by decomposing the food material. Some microorganisms spoil leather and clothes. Microorganisms are responsible for food poisoning.

9. What are antibiotics? What precautions must be taken while taking antibiotics?


Chemical agents that kill or stop the growth of disease-causing microorganisms are called antibiotics. Antibiotics should be taken only on the advice of a qualified doctor. Also, one must complete the course prescribed by the doctor.

Benefits of NCERT Solutions for Class 8

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 contains extremely important points, and for each chapter, each concept has been simplified to make it easier to remember and increase your chances of achieving excellent exam results. Exam Preparation References Here are some tips on how these Solutions can help you prepare for the exam.

  1. This helps students solve many of the problems in each chapter and encourages them to make their concepts more meaningful.
  2. NCERT Solutions for Class 8 encourage you to update your knowledge and refine your concepts so that you can get good results in the exam.
  3. These NCERT Solutions For Class 8 are the best exam materials, allowing you to learn more about your week and your strengths. To get good results in the exam, it is important to overcome your weaknesses.
  4. Most of the questions in the exam are formulated in a similar way to NCERT textbooks. Therefore, students should review the Solutions in each chapter in order to better understand the topic.
  5. It is free of cost.

Tips & Strategies for Class 8 Exam Preparation

  1. Plan your course and syllabus and make time for revision
  2. Please refer to the NCERT Solutions available on the cbsestudyguru website to clarify your concepts every time you prepare for the exam.
  3. Use the cbsestudyguru learning app to start learning to successfully pass the exam. Provide complete teaching materials, including resolved and unresolved tasks.
  4. It is important to clear all your doubts before the exam with your teachers or Alex (an Al study Bot). 
  5. When you read or study a chapter, write down algorithm formulas, theorems, etc., and review them quickly before the exam.
  6. Practice an ample number of question papers to make your concepts stronger. 
  7. Take rest and a proper meal.  Don’t stress too much. 

Why opt for cbsestudyguru NCERT Solutions for Class 8 ? 

  • cbsestudyguru provide NCERT Solutions for all subjects at your fingertips.
  • These Solutions are designed by subject matter experts and provide Solutions to every NCERT textbook questions. 
  • cbsestudyguru especially focuses on making learning interactive, effective and for all classes.
  • We provide free NCERT Solutions for class 8 and all other classes.

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