Class 12 Sociology Term 2 Sample Paper 2022 (Solved)

Class 12 Sociology Term 2 Sample Paper 2022 (Solved)

Class 12 Sociology Term 2 Sample Paper 2022, (Sociology) exams are Students are taught thru NCERT books in some of the state board and CBSE Schools. As the chapter involves an end, there is an exercise provided to assist students to prepare for evaluation. Students need to clear up those exercises very well because the questions inside the very last asked from those.

Sometimes, students get stuck inside the exercises and are not able to clear up all of the questions. To assist students, solve all of the questions, and maintain their studies without a doubt, we have provided a step-by-step NCERT Sample Question Papers for the students for all classes. These answers will similarly help students in scoring better marks with the assist of properly illustrated Notes as a way to similarly assist the students and answer the questions right.

Class 12 Sociology Term 2 Sample Paper 2022

General Instructions:

  1. The paper has 14 questions.
  2. All questions are compulsory.
  3. Section A-Question number 1 and 2 are one-mark source based questions. The answer to these questions must not exceed 10-15 words.
  4. Section B-Question number 3 to 9 are two-marks questions. These are very short answer type questions. The answer to these questions should not exceed 30 words.
  5. Section C-Question number 10 to 12 are four-marks questions. These are short answer type questions. The answer to these questions should not exceed 80 words.
  6. Section D-Question number 13 and 14 are six-marks questions. These are long answer type questions. The answer to these questions should not exceed 200 words.

Section – A

(1 Mark each)


A model of the South Asian colonial city

The European town.. .had spacious bungalows, elegant apartment houses, planned streets, trees on both sides of the street,.. .clubs for afternoon and evening get together. The open space was reserved for, Western recreational facilities, such as race and golf courses, soccer and cricket. When domestic water supply, electric connections, and sewage links were available or technically possible, the European town residents utilised them fully, whereas their use was quite restricted to the native town. (Dutt 1993 : 361)

Read the source and answer the following question:

Did the model of the South Asian colonial city cater to the needs of the natives? Give a reason for your answer.       1

2. Kumudtai’s journey into Sanskrit began with great interest and eagerness with Gokhale Guruji, her teacher at school…At the University, the Head of the Department was a well-known scholar and he took great pleasure in taunting Kumudtai… Despite the adverse comments she successfully completed her Masters in Sanskrit. Source: Kumud Pawade (1938)

Read the source and answer the following question:

Do you think sanskritisation is a gendered process? Give a reason for your answer.       1

Section – B

(2 Marks each)

3. Agricultural productivity increased sharply because of the new technology. India was able to become self-sufficient in food grain production for the first time in decades. It was primarily the medium and large farmers who were able to benefit from the new technology.       1+1

(i) What is subsistence agriculture?

(ii) Who were able to reap the most benefits from Green Revolution and commercialisation of agriculture?

4. In the mid—1970s, there was a renewal of the women’s movement in India which was called the second phase of the Indian women’s movement. There was the growth of what is termed as the autonomous women’s movements.         1+1

(i) How can these movements be called autonomous?

 (ii) Write about any one ideological change that was noticed m the autonomous women’s movement.

5. Compare the impact of just-in-time for the company vis-ä-vis the worker.        2

6. Can we apply the distinction between old and new social movements in the Indian context?      2

7. Often it is thought that imparting knowledge of ‘scientific/ farming methods will improve the condition of Indian farmers. Is this statement true? Give one reason for your answer.       2

8. Differentiate between the organized and unorganized sector.        2


What are the social consequences of the long working hours in the IT sector?

9. Labour IS more free in an industrial society. How?       2

Section – C

(4 Marks each)

10. Compare the experience of industrialization in the West with that of the Indian experience.     4

11. Elucidate the phenomenon of modernity.       4


“19th century reform initiated a period of questioning, reinterpretations and both intellectual and social growth.” Using suitable examples, justify the given statement.

12. Identify and discuss the plight of the various stakeholders in the Bombay Textile strike of 1982.      4

Section – D

(6 Marks each)

13. Jharkhand is one of the newly formed states of India, carved out of South Bihar in the year 2000. Describe the social movement that led to the creation of this state.        6


Using an example, explain Ecological movement.

14. Show the relation between circulation of labour and feminization of agricultural labour force.      6

Solution of Sample Paper

Section – A

1. No.

When domestic water supply, electric connections, and sewage links were available or technically possible, the European town residents utilised them fully, whereas their use was quite restricted to the native town.         1

2. Yes, Kumudtai felt that the study of Sanskrit can help her break into a field that was not possible for her to enter on grounds of gender and caste. As she proceeded with her studies, she met with varied reactions ranging from surprise to hostility, from guarded acceptance to brutal rejection.      1

Section – B

3. (i) When agriculturists produce primarily for themselves and are unable to produce for the market, it is known as subsistence agriculture.

(ii) The farmers who were able to produce a surplus for the market reaped the most benefits from the Green Revolution and from the commercialisation of agriculture that followed.       1+1

4. (i) These movements can be called ‘autonomous’ or independent as they are distinct from those women’s organisations that had links with political parties.

(ii) • There was a recognition that while all women are in some way disadvantaged vis-a-vis men, all women do not suffer the same level or kind of discrimination.

• There was greater recognition that both men and women are constrained by the dominant gender identities.     (Any one) 1 + 1

5. Just-in-time keeps costs low for the company.

But, the workers are very tense, because if the supplies fail to arrive, their production targets get delayed.

Moreover, when the supplies do arrive, the workers have to run to keep up, which exhausts them.      2

6. No.

• New social movements are not just about ‘oldf issues of economic inequality nor are they organised along the class lines alone. Often, these social movements unite participants across class boundaries.

• Identify politics, cultural anxieties and aspirations are essential elements in creating social movements and occur in ways that are difficult to trace to class-based inequality.         2

7. • No

• Much of traditional knowledge about the land they till, and the crops they sow is being lost as hybrid, high-yielding, and genetically modified varieties of seeds are being promoted as more productive and ‘scientific’.         2




Consists of all units employing 10 or more people throughout the year.

Personal relationships determine many aspects of work as opposed to organised sector, which has well-defined rules.

Registered with the government to ensure that their employees get proper salaries and wages.

The units need not be registered with the government.



• If both the husband and wife work, then children have to be put in creches.

• The joint family, which was supposed to have disappeared with industrialisation, seems to have re-emerged, as grandparents are roped in to help with children.

9. • By moving to casual industrial work through contractor system, the labour while they are still in debt, is not bound by other social obligations to the contractor.

• They can break the contract and find another employer. 2

Section – C

10. • Unlike Britain where the impact of industrialisation led to more people moving into urban areas, in India the initial impact of the same British industrialisation led to more people moving into agriculture.

• Just as manufacturing boomed in Britain, traditional exports of cotton and silk goods manufactured from India declined in the face of Manchester competition. This period also saw the further decline of cities such as Surat and Masulipatnam.

• When the British took over Indian states and towns like Thanjavur, Dhaka, and Murshidabad, they lost their courts and, therefore, some of their artisans and court gentry.

• Industrialization in the West was accompanied by the growth of a Western middle class. However, in India, it could not create any genuine middle class. We know that the zamindars became the parasites in land and the graduates became the job hunters. 4

11. ‘Modernity’ assumes that local ties and parochial perspectives give way to universal commitments and cosmopolitan attitudes.

• The truths of utility calculation, and science take precedence over those of the emotions, the sacred, and the non-rational.

• The individual rather than the group be the primary unit of society and politics.

• The associations in which men live and work be based on choice not birth

• Mastery rather than fatalism should orient their attitude toward the material and human environment.

• Identity should be chosen and achieved, not ascribed and affirmed.

• Work should be separated from family, residence, and community in bureaucratic organisation.

 (Any 4 points) 4


• The idea of female education was debated intensely. Reformers argued that for a society to progress women have to be educated. Some of them believed that in pre-modern India, women were educated. Others contested this on the grounds that this was so only of a privileged few. Thus, attempts to justify female education were made by recourse to both modern and traditional ideas.

• They actively debated the meanings of tradition and modernity. Jotiba Phule, thus, recalled the glory of pre-Aryan age while others like Bal Gangadhar Tilak emphasised the glory of the Aryan period.

• Muslim social reformers actively debated the meaning of polygamy and purdah. For example, a resolution against the evils of polygamy was proposed by Jahanara Shah Nawas at the All India Muslim Ladies Conference.

• Debates within communities were common during this period. For instance, sati was opposed by the Brahmo Samaj. Orthodox members of the Hindu community in Bengal formed an organisation called Dharma Sabha and petitioned the British arguing that the reformers had no right to interpret sacred texts.

12. • The Bombay Textile strike of 1982, which was led by the trade union leader, Dr. Datta Samant, affected nearly a quarter of a million workers and their families. The strike lasted nearly two years.

• Women workers participated actively in the strike. However, they experienced a conflict between their role as a participant in the strike and their responsibility towards their families and children.

• Members of the Rashtriya Mill Mazdoor Sangh (RMMS) played a role in breaking the strike by bringing people to work.

• Nearly one lakh workers lost their jobs and went back to their villages, or took up casual labour.       4

Section – D

13. • The social movement for Jharkhand had a charismatic leader in Birsa Munda, an adivasi who led a major uprising against the British.

• Literate adivasis began to research and write about their history and myths. They documented disseminated information about tribal customs and cultural practices. This helped create a unified ethnic consciousness and a shared identity as Jharkhandis.

• Literate adivasis were also in a position to get government jobs so that, over time, a middleclass adivasi intellectual leadership emerged that formulated the demand for a separate state and lobbied for it in India and abroad.

• Within south Bihar, adivasis shared a common hatred of dikus — migrant traders and moneylenders who had settled in the area and grabbed its wealth, impoverishing the original residents.

• Adivasi experiences of marginalisation and their sense of injustice were mobilised to create a shared Jharkhandi identity and inspire collective action that eventually led to the formation of a separate state.

• The issues against which the leaders of the movement in Jharkand agitated were: acquisifion of land for large irrigation projects and firing ranges; survey and settlement operations, which were held up, camps closed down, etc., collection of loans, rent and cooperative dues, which were resisted; and nationalisation of forest produce which they boycotted.        6


• The Chipko Movement, an example of the ecological movement, started in the Himalayan foothills.

• When government forest contractors came to cut down the trees, villagers, including large number of women, stepped forward to hug the trees to prevent their being felled.

• All of them relied on the forest to get firewood, fodder and other daily necessities. This conflict placed the livelihood needs of poor villagers against the government’s desire to generate revenues from selling timber.

• The economy of subsistence was pitted against the economy of profit. Along with this issue of social inequality (villagers versus a government that represented commercial, capitalist interests), the Chipko Movement also raised the issue of ecological sustainability:

• In addition, the Chipko Movement also expressed the resentment of hill villagers against a distant government headquartered in the plains that seemed indifferent and hostile to their concerns.

• So, concerns about economy, ecology and political representation underlay the Chipko Movement.

14. • As ‘traditional’ bonds of patronage between labourers or tenants and landlords broke down, and as the seasonal demand for agricultural labour increased in prosperous Green Revolution regions such as the Punjab, a pattern of seasonal migration emerged in which thousands of workers circulate between their home villages and more prosperous areas where there is more demand for labour and higher wages.

• Migrant workers come mainly from drought-prone and less productive regions, and they go to work for part of the year on farms in the Punjab and Haryana, or on brick kilns in U.P., or construction sites in cities such as New Delhi or Bangalore.

• Wealthy farmers often prefer to employ migrant workers for harvesting and other such intensive operations, rather than the local working class, because migrants are more easily exploited and can be paid lower wages.

• This preference has produced a peculiar pattern in some areas where the local landless labourers move out of the home villages in search of work during the peak agricultural seasons, while migrant workers are brought in from other areas to work on the local farms.

• The large-scale circulation of labour has had several significant effects on rural society in both the receiving and the supplying regions. For instance, in poor areas where male family members spend much of the year working outside of their villages, cultivation has become primarily a female task

• Women are also emerging as the main source of agricultural labour, leading to the ‘feminisation of agricultural labour force.’           6

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