Science Term 2 Sample Paper 2022 (Solved)
Class 10 Science Term 2 Sample Paper 2022, (Science) exams are Students are taught thru NCERT books in some of the state board and CBSE Schools. As the chapter involves an end, there is an exercise provided to assist students to prepare for evaluation. Students need to clear up those exercises very well because the questions inside the very last asked from those.
Sometimes, students get stuck inside the exercises and are not able to clear up all of the questions. To assist students, solve all of the questions, and maintain their studies without a doubt, we have provided a step-by-step NCERT Sample Question Papers for the students for all classes. These answers will similarly help students in scoring better marks with the assist of properly illustrated Notes as a way to similarly assist the students and answer the questions right.
Class 10 Science Term 2 Sample Paper 2022
(i) All questions are compulsory.
(ii) The question paper has three sections and 15 questions.
(iii) Section – A has 7 questions of 2 marks each; Section – B has 6 questions of 3 marks each; and Section – C has 2 case based questions of 4 marks each.
(iv) Internal choices have been provided in some questions. A student has to attempt only one of the alternatives in such questions.
SECTION – A
1. Why are natural ecosystems relatively balanced? If you remove all the phytoplanktons from a pond what will happen to it? 2
2. Consider the following situations as shown in the diagrams.
The arrows indicate the directions of current in the two closely kept parallel wires (a) and (b). The intensity of current in same in both wires. Use necessary diagram to a certain which pair of wires will attract and which will rule each others? 2
Look at the given situations and answer the following questions.
(A) In fig. (a) the coil is facing the right hand side which is towards the magnet. Will the magnet get attracted or repelled? Why? 1
(B) In fig. (b) the coil is facing the right hand side which is towards the magnet. The magnet is moving away from the coil. What will be the direction of current in the coil? 1
3. A red haired woman marries a brown haired man, and all the children are brown haired. Explain this genetically. 2
4. The given figure demonstrates the Periodic Table. Based on the figure, answer the following questions:
(A) Write a chemical reaction between R and S. 1
(B) What type of ions will be formed by R and S? 1
The position of twelve elements in the Modern Periodic Table is given below where atomic numbers of elements are given in the parenthesis.
(A) Predict the nature of Si and Ge. 1
(B) Identify the element with smallest atomic radii. 1
5. In the given figure, identify the following parts:
(A) Part from where entry of sperms take place. ½
(B) Site of implantation ½
(C) Organ where production of egg takes place. Write one more functions of labelled part (R). 1
List the changes which take place in given figure of a bisexual flower after fertilisation.
6. Using the part of the periodic table given below answer the questions that follows:
The neutral atom of an element E consists of 12 electrons in its atoms.
(A) In which period and group is E placed? ½
(B) Name the element E. ½
(C) How many electrons E needs to lose or gain to achieve noble gas configuration. ½
(D) Write the formulae of chloride of E? ½
7. (A) Sperm and eggs are the reproductive units of humans. In what way are sperms and eggs of humans different? Write the importance of this difference. 1
(B) Give the common name and scientific name of the plant on which Mendel performed its experiments. 1
SECTION – B
8. (A) How is the direction of magnetic field at a point determined? 1
(B) What is the direction of magnetic field at the centre of a current-carrying circular loop? 1
(C) (i) What is the role of the split ring in an electric motor?
(ii) What is the role of carbon brush in a motor ? 1
9. (A) Identify and name the third member of the alkane family and write its formula. 1½
(B) Explain with appropriate reasons as to how many isomers are possible with the third member of the alkane family. 1½
In electron dot structure, the valence shell electrons are represented by crosses or dots.
(A) The atomic number of chlorine is 17. Write its electronic configuration. 1½
(B) Draw the electron dot structure of chlorine molecule. 1½
10. Study the following circuit and answer the questions that follows:
(A) State the type of combination of two resistors in the circuit. 1
(B) How much current is flowing through
(i) 10 ohms and (i) 15 ohms resistor? 1
(C) What is the ammeter reading? 1
Determine the following quantities for the circuit shown in the given figure:
(A) The equivalent resistance 1
(B) The total current from the power supply and the current through each resistor 1
(C) The voltage drop across each resistor and the power dissipated in each resistor 1
11. (A) Among all the periods, which one is incomplete and what are the important properties exhibited by al elements present in this period? 1
(B) When a Dobereiner triad is considered, the sum of atomic masses of extreme elements X and Z is 177.6 and difference of Z and Y is five times the number of protons present in neon atom. Identify X, Y and Z. 2
12. (A) If you collect a sample of water from lake or pond, you will find green filamentous organisms. Identify the organism and their mode of reproduction. 1
(B) A stale bread will have fungal growth on it. You can observe the tiny blob-on- a-stick structures sitting on the hyphae. Name the blob structures. 1
(C) Some flowers have either stamen or pistil Can you give any two examples of such flowers? 1
13. A non-biodegradable toxic chemical has entered into the food chain. Which type of food habit would you suggest to a man, vegetarian or non-vegetarian? Explain with the help of a food chain the food chain which you would suggest, is advantageous in another aspect. How? 3
SECTION – C
This section has 02 case-based questions (14 and 15). Each case is followed by 03 sub-questions (A, B and C). Parts A and B are compulsory. However, an internal choice has been provided in part C.
14. Fragmentation and regeneration are two different modes of reproduction. During fragmentation an organism on maturation splits which enables the creation of new individuals from the fragments. While, regeneration occurs where the organism has an ability to regrow certain parts of its body when it loses them. In some organisms, only certain specialized cells, proliferate making regeneration possible.
(A) Identify the organism and process shown in the figure. 1
(B) Do you think humans can reproduce by the fragmentation mode? 1
(C) Do you think regeneration is same as reproduction? Justify your answer. 2
(C) (i) Sheela’s teacher explained the class that young boys and girls of 12-14 age undergo various physical changes. These changes are necessary and is an onset of adulthood. However, Sheela has not experienced any changes yet. She is curious to know about puberty and the changes that can take place in females during puberty. What are those changes? 1
(ii) Male reproductive system is a complex network of various organs. Each organ has an important role to play. Which parts of human male reproductive system contribute fluid to the semen? Why do you think addition of semen is advantageous? 1
15. For the flow of charge in a conductor metallic wire, gravity does not play any role. The electron moves only if there is a difference in electric potential The chemical action with a cell generate the potential difference across the terminal of the cell, even when no current is drawn from it, potential difference set the charges in motion in the conductor produce an electric current, the cell has to expend its chemical energy stored in it.
(A) We know that in conventional current positive charges move from higher potential to lower potential. But we also know that the only positive charge in a conducting wire is the proton which is trapped inside the nucleus. So which particle is actually moving? How do you reconcile this knowledge with what you’ve studied about conventional current? 1
(B) A charge of 10 coulombs is flowing through a wire for 10 minutes. If the work done is 10000 J, what is the resistance of the wire? 1
(C) If the resistance of a wire is tripled without changing the nature of material or length of the wire, then what was changed and by how much? 2
Find the minimum resistance that can be made using five resistors each of 1/5 Ω. 2
Solution of Sample Paper
SECTION – A
1. A natural ecosystem is a balanced system because it consists of producers (green plants), herbivores (consumers I) carnivores (consumer II) and decomposers. Organisms of an ecosystem are well adjusted with biotic components. In the natural ecosystem, there is provision of constant flow of energy through the food chains and recycling of nutrients through decomposers. Thus, a natural ecosystem is a self-sufficient system.
The removal of phytoplanktons from a pond ecosystem will stop constant flow of energy, distributing the whole food web in the pond. First larva and small fishes will die in wants of food and ultimately fishes which feed on them will die.
2. Let us look at case (i)
As per Ampere’s Right hand thumb rule the direction of magnetic filed will be given as follows.
As can be seen in the central region of both wires the magnetic filed has opposite direction. Hence this pair will attract.
Let us now look at case (i)
Again involving Ampere’s Right hand thumb rule we see
The magnetic field in the region between the wires is of the same polarity. Hence they will repel each other.
(A) Let us draw the diagram
Using Ampere’s thumb rule we can see that the coil facing the magnet generates a South pole. Since the north pole of the bar magnet is facing the south pole of coil hence the bar magnet will get attracted.
(B) Let us draw the diagram
Since the bar magnet is moving away hence by the third law of electromagnetic induction, also known as Lenz law, the coil will be induced with a current that generates a polarity to stop the magnet from moving away. Since North pole is moving away hence the coil generates a south pole which then can be used along with Thumb rule to see that the flow of induced current will be along A → B → C.
3. A red haired woman marries a brown haired man, and all the children are brown haired. The brown hair colour genes are dominant to the red hair colour genes. When there was exchange of gametes in male and female the dominant character was brown hair and recessive character was red hair. That is why the children were having brown coloured hairs.
4. (A) R belongs to group 2, period 3, thus it is Magnesium, (Mg) and S belongs to group 17, period 3, thus it is Chlorine (CI).
Mg + Cl2 → MgCl2
R+ S2 → RS2
(B) As R belongs to Group 2. thus it has two valence electrons which it can easily lose to attain stable configuration. Thus, R will form a dipositive cation, R2+ . S belongs to group 17 of the periodic table, thus it has seven valence electrons. It only requires one more electron to attain stable configuration Thus, S will form a uni-negative anion, S– .
(A) Si and Ge fall under the category of metalloids as they fall under group 14 and 3rd and 4th period.
(B) From the given table, C has the smallest atomic radii based on the atomic radii trend.
5. (A) P-Vagina
Function of Ovary: Ovary produces the female hormone estrogen which is responsible for all the changes taking place in a girl during puberty.
After fertilisation, zygote divides several times to form an embryo within the ovule. The ovule develops a tough coot or gradually converted into a seed. The ovary grows rapidly and ripens to form a fruit. The petals, sepals, stamens, style and stigma may shrivel and fall off.
6. (A) As the atom is neutral, therefore number of electrons is equal to the number of protons which reflects the atomic number of element E. Element E has atomic number equal to 12, thus its electronic configuration is 2, 8, 2. Based on the configuration, Element E belongs to 3rd period and 2nd group.
(B) The element has atomic number 12 so its Magnesium, Mg.
(C) As the electronic configuration of Mg 2, 8, 2, it can easily lose the two valence electrons to attain stable noble gas configuration of Neon.
(D) The valency of Mg is 2 according to the combining capacity. Thus, the formula of its chloride will be:
7. (A) The main difference lies in the difference in the sex chromosome of sperm (male gamete) and egg (female gamete). The main difference between sperms and eggs of humans is that half of the sperms of a male (father) will have X chromosomes and other half will have Y chromosomes. All the eggs of female (mother) will have only X chromosomes. The importance of this variation are
(i) If the father contributes X chromosome then the baby born will be a girl.
(ii) If the father contributes Y chromosome, then the baby born will be a boy. Thus, the sperm determines the sex of a child.
(B) The common name of the plant on which Mendel performed his experiments is Pea plant. It’s scientific name is Pisum Sativum.
SECTION – B
8. (A) The direction of the magnetic field at a point can be found by placing a small magnetic compass at that point. The north end of the needle of a compass indicates the direction of magnetic field at a point where it is placed.
(B) The direction of magnetic field at the centre of a current – carrying loop is perpendicular to the plane of the loop.
(C) (i) In an electric motor, the split ring acts as commutator. Due to its action, the direction of current flowing in motor coil reverses after half tum, giving rise to a continuous rotation of the coil and the axle.
(ii) A carbon brush is essentially a graphite brush which has two important properties of electrical conduction and lubrication The brush allows the passage of current from the external source to the rotating split rings while maintaining lubrication against wear and tear.
9. (A) The general formula of the alkane family is CnH2n+2 . Here value of n = 3, thus, the formula for the third member of the alkane family is C3H8 and is called propane.
(B) Isomers are compounds with same molecular formula and different structural formula. Propane has only three carbon atoms which is not sufficient enough to exist in a branched form. Thus, propane does not exhibit isomerism.
(A) The atomic number of chlorine atom is 17. Hence, the electronic configuration of Cl (17) would be:
(B) Chlorine molecule is formed by the formation of a single covalent bond between two chlorine atoms. The electron dot structure of chlorine molecule is:
(A) Resistors in the circuit are connected in parallel combination.
(B) (i) Let l1 be the current flowing through R1 = 10 ohm
Now I1R1 = V
l1 = V/R1 = 5/10 = 0.5A
(ii) Let l2 be the current flowing through R2 = 15 ohm
Now l2R2 = V
l2 = V/R2 = 5/15 = 0.33A
(C) Ammeter reading
= l1 + l2
= 0.5 A + 0.33 A
= 0.83 A
Given circuit diagram:
(A) Equivalent resistance:
Resistances in series add up.
R = R1 + R2 + R3
= 20Ω + 30Ω + 50Ω = 100Ω
(B) Total current from the power supply:
Total current is determined by the voltage of the power supply and the equivalent resistance of the circuit.
I = V/R = 125/100 = 1.25 A
Current through each resistor:
Current is constant through resistors connected in series.
(C) Voltoge drop across each resistor:
V1 = IR1 = 1.25A x 20Ω = 25 V
V2 = IR2 = 1.25A x 30Ω = 37.5 V
V3 = IR3 = 1.25A x 50Ω = 625 V
In a series circuit they should equal the voltage increase of the power supply.
Vtotal = V1 + V2 + V3
125 V = 25 V + 37.5 V+ 62.5 V
125 V = 125 V
The power dissipated in each resistor:
P1 =V1 x l1
= 25 V x 1.25 A
= 31.250 W
P2 = V2 x l2
= 37.5 V x 1.25 A
= 46.875 W
P3 =V3 x l3
= 62.5 V x 1.25 A
= 78.125 W
11. (A) With reference to the Modern Periodic Table, the 7th period is incomplete even though it has 32 elements. It is because it consists of elements whose properties are not yet studied properly. One of the important characteristic of elements in this period are that they are radioactive in nature.
(B) As given in the numerical,
Sum of atomic masses of extreme elements X and Z = 177.6
Differenice of atomic masses. Z and Y = 5 x (Number of protons in Ne)
= 5 x 10
As X, Y and Z are Dobereiner’s triad, the sum of atomic masses of X and Z is 177.6 and the atomic mass of Y will be average of atomic masses of X and Z according to Dobereiner’s principle.
Atomic mass of Y = Avg. of atomic masses of X and Z
Now the difference between Z and Y= 50
Substituting the value of Y = 88.8 in above equation, we get
Z – Y= 50
Z = 50 + Y
Z = 50 + 88.8
Z = 138.8
Now, substituting the values of Z and Y, we get the value of X
Atomic mass of Y = Avg. of atomic masses of X and Z
177.6 = Mass of X + 138.8
Mass of X = 177.6 – 138.8
Therefore, the elements X, Y and Z are Ca, Sr and Ba respectively which are elements of Dobereiner’s triads.
12. (A) Organism is Spirogyra and mode of reproduction is fragmentation.
(C) Papaya and Watermelon
13. Vegetarian food chain will be suggested in case of entry of non-biodegradable toxic chemicals into the food chain.
Non-biodegradable chemicals get concentrated at every trophic level by the process of biological magnification. As the concentration increases with the number of trophic level in food chain, man will get high concentration of the chemicals in non – vegetarian food chain than in vegetarian food chain e.g.
Vegetarian food chain has advantages in terms of energy available to the man because it has less number of trophic levels. As 90% of energy is lost in the environment, at every trophic level, a lesser number of trophic levels will result in lesser energy loss.
SECTION – C
14.(A) The organism is Planaria and the process shown in the figure is regeneration in Planaria.
(B) Humans cannot simply divide cell-by-cell. The reason is that many multi-cellular organisms, as we have seen are not simply a random collection of cells. Specialised Cells are organised as tissues and tissues are organised into organs, which then have to be placed at definite positions in the body. In such a carefully organised situation, cell-by-cell division would be impractical.
(C) Regeneration is not the same as reproduction since most organisms would not normally depend on being cut up to be able to reproduce.
Also, in certain organisms only a portion of the organism is regenerated, rather than the entire organism (Example, tail of a lizard can be regenerated). Reproduction, on the other hand, entails the creation of a completely new creature. As a result, we can distinguish between regeneration and reproduction.
(C) (i) The period when the rate of general body growth begins to slow down and reproductive tissues begin to mature, is called puberty, Two changes observed in girls at the time of puberty are:
(a) the breast size begin to increase,
(b) menstruation starts
(c) hair growth in the pubic areas
(ii) Prostate glands and seminal vesicles add fluid in the vas deferens. This makes transportation of sperms easier and also provides nutrition to the sperms.
15. (A) In conductors it is the electrons which flow from lower potential to higher potential. This is known as electric current.
Conventional current is the direction of electric current from the positive terminal of a cell to the negative terminal. Also electric current defines the direction of flow of opposite charges in a circuit. The protons don’t take part in the flow electric current at all.
Q = 10 C,
t = 10 min = 600 s,
W = 10000 J.
We know that
W = Vlt
L = Q/t
and V = IR.
When combined we get
W = Q2R/t.
Hence, R = Wt/Q2.
Hence, R = 10000 x 600/100
= 60000 Ohms.
(C) If the nature of material and length remains constant and yet the resistance changes then it means the area was changed. Since area is inversely proportional to the resistance hence the area was decreased to one-third of its actual value.
For getting minimum resistance R we can connect five resistors in parallel combination.
Resistance of each part = 1/5
Resistance are connected in parallel to have minimum resistance.
So, the minimum resistance that can be made by using five resistors each of 1/5 Ω is 1/25 Ω.