NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science (civics) Chapter 6 Political Parties

Class 10 Political Science (civics) Chapter 6 Political Parties

1. Exercise Questions
2. Intext Questions

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science (civics) Chapter 6 Political Parties, in this step-by-step answer guide. In some of State Boards and CBSE schools, students are taught thru NCERT books. As the chapter comes to an end, students are requested few questions in an exercising to evaluate their expertise of the chapter. Students regularly want guidance managing those NCERT Solutions.

It’s most effective natural to get stuck withinside the exercises while solving them so that you can assist students score higher marks, we’ve provided step by step NCERT answers for all exercises of Class ten Social Science Political Parties so you can be looking for assist from them. Students should solve those exercises carefully as questions withinside the final exams are requested from those, so these exercises immediately have an impact on students’ final score. Find all NCERT Solutions for Class ten Social Science Political Parties below and prepare in your tests easily.

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science (civics) Chapter 6 Political Parties

Class 10 Political Science (civics) Chapter 6 Political Parties

Exercise Questions

Q. 1. State the various functions political parties perform in a democracy .

Ans . The various functions political parties perform in a democracy are as follows :

Contest election : Candidates are put forward by all political parties to contest in elections . These candidates may be chosen by the top leaders or by the members of the party .

Put forward policies and programmes : Political parties put forward their policies and programmes for the welfare of the people and voters choose those parties whose policy they like the most .

Making Laws : Political parties play a major role in making laws for the country . No law can become a bill unless a majority of the par ties support it .

Form the government : Political parties form and run governments . Parties recruit leaders , train them and then make them ministers to run the government in the way they want .

Play the role of opposition : Parties that lose election play the role of opposition to the party in power , by voicing different views and criticizing the government for its failures or wrong policies . Opposition parties also mobilize opposition to the government .

Voice public opinion : Political parties voice the public opinion and raise issues to social concern . Parties sometimes also launch movements for the resolution of problems faced by people . Often opinions in the society crystallize on the lines parties take .

Social welfare schemes : Political parties form an important link between the government and the people . It is easy for the public to approach their local leader than a government official . The local leader has to listen to the public demand , other wise , he will lose the next election .

Q. 2. What are the various challenges faced by political parties ?

Ans . The various challenges faced by political parties are :

Lack of Internal democracy : Every member of the party does not have a chance to take part in the decision – making process . Power remains in the hands of a few top leaders , who do not consult ordinary members . All the major or minor decision are taken by the party head . Ordinary members have no information about the internal working of the party . They hardly get a ‘ ticket ‘ in an election . Since one or a few leaders exercise paramount power in the party , those who disagree with the leadership find it difficult to continue in the party . More than loyalty to party prin ciples and policies , personal loyalty to the leader becomes more important .

Dynastic Succession : The biggest challenge within the political party is the issues of dynastic succession . These parties do not have transparent functioning and always try to give an unfair advantage to their family members . Hence , a political party remains under the control of one family . This is unfair to the other members of the party . This is also bad for democracy since people who do not have adequate experience or popular support come to occupy the positions of power . We can take examples of Congress , SP , RJD , DMK , etc. .

Money and Muscle Power : Money is needed . ganize demonstrations , public meet ings , and speeches to publicize the image of the party . Parties choose those candidates who can raise money for the party and win elections with their money . Rich people and companies who give funds to the parties tend to have an influence on the policies and deci sions of the party . Sometimes parties also sup port criminals candidates because they can win elections .

The Meaningful choice to others : Most of the political parties have the same fundamental and ideological issues . Voters do not have a meaningful choice . Even leaders keep changing parties , thus confusing the voter .

Q. 3. Suggest some reforms to strengthen parties so that they perform their functions well ?

Ans . Some reforms to strengthen parties are :

• A law should be made to regulate the internal affairs of political parties . Amendment was made in the constitution to prevent MPs and MLAs from changing parties . If anyone tries to change his / her party then he / she will lose their seat . This new law has helped to bring defection down .

• It should be mandatory for political parties to give a minimum number of tickets ( about 1 / 3rd ) to the women candidates . Similarly , there should be a quota for women in decision making bodies of the party .

• There should be state funding of elections . The government should give parties money to support election expenses . This support could be given in the form of petrol , paper , telephone , etc. This may reduce the influence of money in the election .

• Supreme Court has in reducing the influence of criminals and money in elections . It is now mandatory for every person contesting the election , to give an affidavit regarding his wealth and criminal cases pending against him . The new system has made a lot of information available to the public .

Q. 4. What is a political party ?

Ans . A political party is a group of people who follow an ideology and thus come together to contest elections and hold power in the government . They agree on some policies and programmes for the society with a view to promote the collective good .

Q. 5. What are the characteristics of a political party ?

Ans . Characteristics of a political party are as follows :

A political party has members who agree on the same policies and programmes for the society keeping in view to promote common welfare for the people .

It seeks to implement the policies by winning popular support from the people through elections .

The presence of a leader makes the difference for the party workers and supporters .

It is a group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government .

Q. 6. A group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government is called a _____ .

Ans . Political Party

Q. 7. Match List I ( organisations and struggles ) with List – II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists :


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Ans .

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Q. 8. Who among the following is the founder of the Bahujan Samaj Party ?

( i ) Kanshi Ram

( ii ) Sahu Maharaj

( iii ) B.R. Ambedkar

( iv ) Jyotiba Phule

Ans . ( i ) Kanshi Ram

Explanation : BSP seeks to represent and secure the power for the Bahujan Samaj party which includes the Dalits , Adivasis , OBC’s and various religious minorities .

Q. 9 . What is the guiding philosophy of the Bharatiya Janata Party ?

( i ) Bahujan Samaj

( ii ) Revolutionary democracy

( iii ) Integral humanism

( iv ) Modernity

Ans . ( iv ) Modernity

Explanation : Wants to build a strong and modern India by drawing inspiration from India’s ancient culture and values .

Q. 10. Consider the following statements on parties .

( i ) Political parties do not enjoy much trust among the people .

( ii ) Parties are often rocked by scandals involving top party leaders .

( iii ) Parties are not necessary to run governments .

Which of the statements given above are correct ?

( i ) A , B , and C

( ii ) A and B

( iii ) B and C

( iv ) A and C

Ans . ( i ) and ( ii )

Intext Questions

Q. 1. Okay granted that we can’t live without political parties . But tell me how do we live with the kind of political parties we have ? [ Page 73 ]

Ans . There is nothing wrong with any of the political parties . It is we people who have everything in our hands in a democracy . So , if we are right in our thought and action , the parties will have to work accordingly . They simply represent what we are . They also come from our society . Even if they do not work rightly , we have ballots in our hands which give them life .

Q. 2. Kishenji is no more . What would be your advice to these four activists ? Should they form a new political party ? Can a political party become a moral force in politics ? What should that party be like ? [ Page 76 ]

Ans . ( i ) These activists should move ahead with the idea of formation of a new political party . It is obvious that initially , they will not gain popular support , but if they continue to put moral force in their party , very soon they with win faith of the people . It is only then they can do anything good for society , which is the urgent need of today’s politics .

( ii ) Yes , of course .

( iii ) Yes . It can do so by translating its promises into actions . Once the party does so , very soon it will gain popular support .

That party should focus on the immediate problems of the people . The party should select only those candidates who are willing to serve the society in the true sense . The candidates should come from the locality and should have an idea of the common problems of that locality . Even if this party does not with enough seats to form a government it can act as a strong opposition or pressure group .

Q. 3. Let us apply what we have learnt about party systems to the various states within India . Here are three major types of party systems that exist at the state level . Can you find the names of at least two states for each of these types ? [ Page 77 ]

( i ) Two – party system

( ii ) A multi – party system with two alliances

( iii ) Multi – party system

Ans . ( i ) Two – party system : Rajasthan , Gujarat , Himachal Pradesh , and Madhya Pradesh .

( ii ) A multi – party system with two alliances : Maharashtra , Jammu and Kashmir , Jharkhand , West Bengal .

( iii ) Multi- party system : Bihar , Uttar Pradesh , Tamil Nadu .

Q. 4 . Why don’t parties give enough tickets to women ? Is that also due to lack of internal democracy ? [ Page 83 ]

Ans . ( i ) We all know about the patriarchal mentality of most of the India society . Men always tend to use authority and politics is not an exception . If the parties give tickets to women , steadily the power will go into their hands , which the Indian mentality is still not ready to accept .

( ii ) Yes , this is an example of lack of internal democracy .

( iii ) At least one – third of the seats , for which the party is contesting , should be allocated to the women .

Q.5 . Do you agree that this form of reforming political parties will be acceptable to them ? [ Page 86 ]

Ans . We hope so because this is good not only for them but also for democracy . After all , they all are meant for strengthening democracy . They also feel the need for reformation . A fair politics , we think , will be appreciated by all the parties usually . [ Page 87 ]

Benefits of NCERT Solutions

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