Class 10 Geography Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries
|1. Exercise Questions|
|2. Intext Questions|
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries, in this step-by-step answer guide. In some of State Boards and CBSE schools, students are taught thru NCERT books. As the chapter comes to an end, students are requested few questions in an exercising to evaluate their expertise of the chapter. Students regularly want guidance managing those NCERT Solutions.
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NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries
Class 10 Geography Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries
A. Multiple Choice Questions :
Q. 1. Which one of the following industries uses limestone as a raw material ?
( a ) Aluminium
( b ) Cement
( c ) Plastic
( d ) Automobile
Ans . ( b ) Cement
Q. 2 . Which one of the following agencies markets steel for the public sector plants ?
( a ) HAIL
( b ) SAIL
( c ) TATA Steel
( d ) NMCC
Ans . ( b ) SAIL
Q. 3 . Which one of the following industries uses bauxite as a raw material ?
( a ) Aluminium smelting
( b ) Cement
( c ) Paper
( d ) Steel
Ans . ( a ) Aluminium Smelting
Q. 4. Which one of the following industries manufactures telephones , computer , etc.
( a ) Steel
( b ) Electronic
( c ) Aluminium Smelting
( d ) Information Technology
Ans . ( b ) Electronic
B. Answer the following questions in 30 words :
Q. 1. What is manufacturing ?
Ans . Production of goods in large quantities after processing from raw materials to more valuable products is called manufacturing .
Q. 2 . Name any three physical factors for the location of an industry .
Ans . The three physical factors for the location of an industry are as follows :
( a ) Abundant supply of natural resources
( b ) Climatic conditions
( c ) Easy accessibility of roadways or railways or transportation
( d ) Availability of adequate raw materials ( Any three )
Q. 3. Name any three human factors for the location of an industry .
Ans . The three human factors for the location of an industry are as follows :
( a ) Transport
( b ) Banking
( c ) Labor
( d ) Market
( e ) Insurance
( f ) Capital ( Any three )
Q.4 . What are basic industries ? Give an example .
Ans . Basic or key industries supply their products or raw materials to manufacture other goods . For example : iron and steel , copper smelting , aluminium smelting .
Q.5 . Name the important raw materials used in manufacturing of cement ?
Ans . The important raw materials used in manufacturing of cement are limestone , silica , alumina and gypsum .
C. Answer the following questions in about 120 words :
Q.1 . How are integrated steel plants different from mini steel plants ? What problems does the industry face ? What recent developments have led to a rise in the production capacity ?
Ans . Mini steel plants are smaller , have electric furnaces , use steel scrap and sponge iron . They have re rollers that use steel ingots as well . They produce mild and alloy steel of given specifications .
An integrated steel plant is large , handles everything in our complex – from putting together raw material to steel making , rolling and shaping .
The problems that industry has to face are :
( a ) Lower productivity of labor .
( b ) Poor infrastructure
( c ) Irregular supply of energy
( d ) High costs and limited availability of working costs .
The recent developments which have led to a rise in the production capacity
( i ) Foreign direct investment with the efforts of private entrepreneurs .
( ii ) Liberalisation .
Q. 2. How do industries pollute the environment ?
Ans . Although industries contribute significantly to India’s economic growth and development , the increase in pollution of land , water , air and noise results in the degradation of environment . Industries are responsible for four types of pollution .
( a ) Air
( b ) Water
( c ) Land
( d ) Noise
The polluting industries also include thermal power plants . A brief description is given below about he polluting industries :
( a ) Air Pollution : It is caused by the presence of high proportion of undesirable gases , such as sulphur dioxide and carbon monoxide .
( b ) Water Pollution : It is caused by organic and inorganic industrial wastes and affluents discharged into rivers .
( c ) Thermal Pollution : It occurs when hot water from factories and thermal plants are drained into rivers and ponds before cooling .
( d ) Land Pollution : Dumping of wastes specially glass , harmful chemicals , industrial effluents , packaging , salts and garbage renders the soil useless .
( e ) Noise Pollution : It is caused because of industrial and construction activities , machinery , factory equipment , generators , saws and pneumatic and electric drills .
Q. 3. Discuss the steps to be taken to minimize environmental degradation by industry ?
Ans . The steps that should be taken to minimize environmental degradation by industry are as follows :
( a ) Harvesting of rainwater to meet water requirements .
( b ) Minimizing use of water for processing by reusing and recycling it in two or more successive stages .
( c ) Treating hot water and effluents before releasing them in rivers and ponds .
( d ) Overdrawing of ground water reserves by industry where there is a threat to ground water .
( e ) Machinery and equipment can be used and generators should be fitted with silencers .
( f ) Noise absorbing material may be used apart from personal use of earplugs and earphones .
Q.1 . Do you have some ideas about these industries ? ( Page no . 63 )
Ans . Yes , we do have an idea about these industries like Suja making industry which comes into cottage industry , Suja’s are generally made by individual artisans in household – industry . They make such type of products for which raw material is available at the local level . They make hand made products like baskets , flower pots , matkas etc.
Q.2 . Why did Mahatma Gandhi lay emphasis on spinning yarn and weaving Khadi ? ( Page no . 66 )
Ans . Mahatma Gandhi laid emphasis on spinning yarn and weaving Khadi so as to provide scope for incorporating traditional skills and designs of weaving in cotton , silk , zari , embroidery , etc. Handloom Khadi provided large scale employment to weavers in their homes as a cottage – industry . It also raised the feeling of nationalism and lessen the dependence on foreign – made clothes . It was used to boycott foreign made cloth as a means of protest .
Q.3 . Why is it important for our country to keep the mill sector loomage lower than power loom and handloom ? ( Page no . 66 )
Ans . It is important for our country to keep the mill sector loomage lower than power loom and handloom because :
( i ) It has raised the standard of living of the rural people .
( ii ) There has been reduction of migration of rural people to urban areas in search of jobs .
( iii ) It has helped in providing employment to more plenty of rural people .
( iv ) It has led to the development of cottage – industry .
( v ) It had helped in earning foreign exchange to make our country economically strong .
Q.4 . Why is it important for us to improve our weaving – sector instead of exporting yarn in large quantities ? ( Page no . 68 )
Ans . It has become very necessary for us to improve our weaving sector instead of exporting yarn in large quantities so as to increase employment opportunities in the weaving sector . It has helped us in earning more foreign exchange . With improvement in weaving sector better quality of fabric and cotton products could be produced .
Q. 5 . Why is the per capita consumption of steel so low in India ? ( Page no . 69 )
Ans . The per capita consumption of steel is so low in India because there are substitutes of steel which are light in weight and can be easily carried from one place to another . Also these substitutes are much cheaper in rates and they are also durable as steel .
Activity ( Page no . 65 )
Q. 6. Classify the following into two groups on the basis of bulk and weight of raw material and finished goods .
( i ) Oil ( vi ) Sewing Machines
( ii ) Knitting needles ( vii ) Shipbuilding
( iii ) Brassware ( viii ) Electric bulbs
( iv ) Fuse wire ( ix ) Paint brushes
( v ) Watches ( x ) Automobiles
Ans . On the basis of bulk and weight of raw materials , finished goods can be classified into :
3. Ship building
5. Sewing machines
1. Knitting needles
4. Electric bulbs
5. Paint brushes
Activity ( Page no . 69 )
Q 7 . Make a list of all such goods made of steel that you can think of .
Ans . The list of all goods made of steel are as follows :
( i ) Utensils ( viii ) Pipes
( ii ) Tables and Chairs ( ix ) Electronic items
( iii ) Medical equipment ( x ) Blades
( iv ) Pens ( xi ) Construction material
( v ) Boxes ( xii ) Telephone
( vi ) Beds ( xiii ) Engineering goods etc.
( vii ) Furniture
Activity ( Page no . 11 )
Q. 8. Have you read about Kalinganagar controversy ?
Ans . ” The Kalinganagar controversy has really shattered the industrialization of Orissa ” , says Sarat Sadu , former State Planning Board Minister . The Kalinganagar industrial complex is one of the biggest steel clusters of the country . It has six new steel projects with a total capacity of 11 million tonnes . But suddenly , the area has become a fear zone for investors , even the bankers have started questioning the fate of projects . The project had to face stiff resistance from the local tribals . They revolted against the officials . In the police firing on tribals 12 persons were killed . In addition to this , a new controversy aroused when the palms of six of the bodies were found severed .
Activity ( Page no . 12 )
Q.9 . A factory produces aluminium saucepans with plastic handles . It obtains aluminium from a smelter and a plastic component from another factory . All the manufactured saucepans are sent to a warehouse :
( i ) ( a ) Which raw material is likely to be most expensive to transport and why ?
( b ) Which raw material is likely to be the cheapest to transport and why ?
( ii ) Do you think the cost of transporting the finished products after packaging is likely to be cheaper or more expensive than the cost of transporting aluminium and plastic ? Why ?
Ans . ( i ) ( a ) Aluminium will be more likely to be expensive because it is very bulky in comparison to plastic .
( b ) Plastic is likely to be the cheapest to transport because of its light weight .
( ii ) Yes , it is very true that the cost of transporting the finished products after packaging is likely to be cheaper than the cost of transporting aluminium and plastic . The reason being the finished goods occupy lesser space and are more organized , therefore it is easy to pack and transport them . Also , the finished products can be sent to different places on a single route , they become much light in weight .
The destination of finished products is mainly not only industry or industrial region but the whole of India and sometimes the whole world .
Activity ( Page no . 73 )
Q. 10. Where would it be economically viable to set up the cement manufacturing units ?
Ans . It would be economically viable to set up the cement manufacturing units in those areas which are easily accessible for raw materials as this industry requires bulky and heavy raw materials like limestone , silica , alumina and gypsum . There should be continuous supply of electric power and there should be proper network of railway and road transport .
Activity ( Page no . 73 )
Q. 11. Find out where the plants are located in other states of India . Find their names .
Ans . ( 1 ) Jharkhand – Dalmianagar , Sindri
( 2 ) Gujarat – Porbandar , Jamnagar
( 3 ) Karnataka – Shahabad , Bhadravati
( 4 ) Andhra Pradesh – Karimnagar , Vijayawada , Krishna .
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