Class 10 Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture
|1. Exercise Questions|
|2. Intext Questions|
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture, in this step-by-step answer guide. In some of State Boards and CBSE schools, students are taught thru NCERT books. As the chapter comes to an end, students are requested few questions in an exercising to evaluate their expertise of the chapter. Students regularly want guidance managing those NCERT Solutions.
It’s most effective natural to get stuck withinside the exercises while solving them so that you can assist students score higher marks, we’ve provided step by step NCERT answers for all exercises of Class ten Social Science Agriculture so you can be looking for assist from them. Students should solve those exercises carefully as questions withinside the final exams are requested from those, so these exercises immediately have an impact on students’ final score. Find all NCERT Solutions for Class ten Social Science Agriculture below and prepare in your tests easily.
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture
Class 10 Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture
A. Multiple Choice Questions :
Q. 1. Which one of the following describes a system of agriculture where a single crop is grown on a large scale ?
( a ) Shifting agriculture
( b ) Plantation agriculture
( c ) Horticulture
( d ) Intensive agriculture
Ans ( b ) Plantation Agriculture .
Q. 2. Which one of the following is a rabi crop ?
( a ) Rice
( b ) Gram
( c ) Millets
( d ) Cotton
Ans . ( c ) Gram .
Q. 3. Which one of the following is a leguminous crop ?
( a ) Pulses
( b ) Jowar
( c ) Millets
( d ) Sesame
Ans ( a ) Pulses .
B. Answer the following questions in 30 words :
Q. 1. Name the important beverage crop and specify the geographical conditions required for its growth .
Ans . The one important beverage crop is tea and the geographical conditions required for its growth are tropical and sub – tropical climate endowed with deep and fertile well – drained soil , rich in humus and organic matter . Tea bushes requires warm and moist frost – free climate throughout the year .
Q. 2. Name one staple crop of India and the regions where it is produced .
Ans . Rice , the staple crop of India and the regions where it is produced are plains of north and north – eastern India , Deltaic regions and coastal areas .
Q. 3. Enlist the various institutional reform programmes introduced by the government in the interest of farmers .
Ans . Provision for crop insurance against drought , flood , cyclone , fire and disease and the establishment of grameen banks , cooperative societies and banks for providing loans to the farmers at lower cost of interest , Kisan Credit Card ( KCC ) , Personal Accident Insurance Scheme ( PAIS ) were some of institutional reform programmes introduced by the government in the interest of the farmers .
Q. 4. The land under cultivation has got reduced day by day . Can you imagine its consequences ?
Ans . The land under cultivation has got reduced day by day and this has become a matter of serious concern because any decline or stagnation in cultivation will lead to decline in other spheres of the economy and this will have wide implications for society .
C. Answer the following questions in about 120 words :
Q. 1. Suggest the initiative taken by the government to ensure the increase in agricultural production .
Ans . The Government of India has made concerted efforts to ensure increase in agricultural production : The Government has established Indian Council of Agricultural Research ( ICAR ) , agricultural universities , veterinary services and animal breeding centres , horticulture development , research and development in the field of meteorology and weather forecast etc.
Q. 2. How did partition of country in 1947 affect the jute industry ?
Ans . Partition of India left the country without the means to feed itself and without some of the essential raw materials for industries . India inherited the bulk of the jute mills and major jute producing areas were left in Pakistan and so India was unable to take necessary advantage of jute industries till it had its own production to supply to the mills . The partition virtually destroyed the potential of regenerating traditional trade linkages that had been so vital to the prosperity of the eastern half of India .
Q. 3. Describe the impact of globalization on Indian agriculture .
Ans . Impact of globalization on Indian agriculture :
( a ) Major transformation took place with the introduction of high yielding varieties of crops .
( b ) The green revolution has been followed by the white revolution and then the blue revolution , leading to an increase in the output of milk , oilseeds and fish and fish products .
( c ) Export of major agricultural commodities have been liberalised .
( d ) The latest development , the ‘ gene revolution ‘ has also benefited farmers by raising agricultural productivity .
Q.4 . Describe the geographical conditions required for the growth of rice .
Ans . Rice is the staple food crop for majority of people . It is a Kharif crop which requires high temperature , ( above 25 ° C ) and high humidity with annual rainfall above 100 cm ; in the areas of less rainfall , it grows with the help of irrigation .
Q.1 . Can you name some industries based on agricultural raw material ?
Ans . Some industries based on agricultural raw material are as follows :
( i ) Rubber industry
( ii ) Cotton and textile industry
( iii ) Tea plantation
( iv ) Food processing industry
( v ) Coffee industry
( vi ) Perfume industry .
Q. 2. Can you name some such types of farming ?
Ans . It is jhumming in north – eastern states like Assam , Meghalaya , Mizoram and Nagaland , Pamlou in Manipur , Dipa in Bastar district of Chhattisgarh and in Andaman and Nicobar Islands .
Q. 3. Can you name the type of farming Rinjha’s family is engaged in ?
Ans . Primitive subsistence agriculture is the type of farming in which Rinjha’s family is engaged in .
Q. 4 . Can you enlist some crops which are grown in such farming ?
Ans . Crops which are grown in such farming are as follows : Bajra , Rice and vegetables .
Q.5 . Can you name some of the states of India where such farming is practised ?
Ans . The states of India where such farming is practised are as follows :
( i ) Uttar Pradesh
( ii ) Assam
( iii ) Bihar
( iv ) Punjab
( v ) Orissa
( vi ) West Bengal
Q. 6. Can you give some more examples of crops which may be commercial in one region and may provide subsistence in another region ?
Ans . One example is of Rice which is a commercial crop in Haryana and Punjab , but in Orissa it is a subsistence crop ; another example is of wheat which is a commercial crop ; in Punjab and Haryana but a subsistence crop in Madhya Pradesh , Bihar and Uttar Pradesh .
Q.7 . Why are farmers committing suicides in several states of the country ?
Ans . Farmers today are facing so many problems and their land under agriculture is decreasing . As a result farmers with their families are starving and living under pathetic conditions ; because of government’s ignorance , farmers today are committing suicides in several states of the country .
Q. 8. When farmer have been facing so many problems and land under agriculture is decreasing , can we think of alternative employment opportunities in the agriculture sector ?
Ans . The alternative employment opportunities in agriculture sector are :
( i ) Horticulture
( ii ) Poultry farming
( iii ) Cattle raring
( iv ) Dairy farming
( v ) Fishery
Activity ( Page no . 42 )
Q. 1. List the items which are made of rubber and are used by us .
Ans . The items which are made of rubber and are used by us are numerous like bags , toys , belts , gloves , erasers , belts , footwear , exercise tools etc.
Activity ( Page no . 44 )
Q. 1. Find out why an Indian farmer does not want his son to become a farmer .
Ans . Since , Indian farmers are facing a big challenge from the international competition and the productivity of land is low , Indian farmers do not want their sons to become a farmer . There are several other reasons like non availability of adequate irrigation facilities and the under – developed infrastructure . Also the cost of crop in the market is low or not sufficient enough to run a family for the whole year . Our government is also going ahead with reduction in the public investment in agriculture sector particularly in irrigation , power , rural , roads , market and mechanism .
Activity ( Page no . 45 )
Q. 1. Organize a debate on food security of India its need and efforts .
Ans . Students do it themselves .
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