Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 8 Mijbil the Otter
|1. Textbook Questions|
|2. Intext Questions ( Oral Comprehensive Check )|
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NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 8 Mijbil the Otter
Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 8 Mijbil the Otter
B. Thinking about the Text .
( Page 110 )
1. What things does Mij do which tell you that he is an intelligent , friendly and fun – loving animal who needs love ?
Ans . Mij was an intelligent animal . It invented it own game out of the ping – pong balls . It screwed the top till water began to flow and then it would play and splash in the water . Though it was aloof and indifferent in the beginning , it soon became very friendly . It formed a special attachment with Maxwell . It responded when Maxwell called out his name . It grew desperate when Maxwell left it in a box and it got hurt while trying to come out of it . After Maxwell took it out , it clung to his feet . It was a fun – loving animal . It enjoyed playing all kinds of games . It would play with a selection of toys , ping – pong balls , marbles , rubber fruit , and a terrapin shell . It required love and affection from Maxwell and it got that readily .
2. What are some of the things we come to know about otters from this text ?
Ans . Otters belong to a comparatively small group of animals called Mustellines , shared by the badger , mongoose , weasel , stoat , mink Jose and others . Maxwell’s otter was of a race previously unknown to science and was at length named by zoologist Lutrogale perpicillata maxwelli or Maxwell’s otter . They are found in large numbers in marshes . They are often tamed by the Arabs . It is characteristic of otters that every drop of water must be extended and spread about the place ; a bowl must at once be overturned , or , if it would not be overturned , be sat in and splashed in until it overflowed . For them , water must be kept on the move . Otters love playing various games , especially with a ball .
3. Why is Mij’s species now known to the world as Maxwell’s otter ?
Ans . Maxwell’s otter was of a race previously unknown to science and was at length named by zoologists Lutrogale perspicillata maxwelli or Maxwell’s otter .
4. Maxwell in the story speaks for the otter , Mij . He tells us what the otter feels and thinks on different occasions Given below are some things the otter does . Complete the column on the right to say what Maxwell says about what Mij feels and thinks .
5 . Read the story and find the sentences where Maxwell describes his pet otter . Then choose and arrange your sentences to illustrate those statements below that you think are true . Maxwell’s description
( i ) makes Mij seem almost human , like a small boy .
( ii ) shows that he is often irritated with what Mij does .
( iii ) shows that he is often surprised by what Mij does .
( iv ) of Mij’s antics is comical .
( v ) shows that he observes the antics of Mij very carefully .
( vi ) shows that he thinks Mij is a very ordinary otter .
( vii ) shows that he thinks the otter is very unusual .
Ans . ( i ) He spent most of his time in playing toys and splashing water in the bathtub .
( ii ) Mij screws the tap in the wrong way .
( iii ) I watched , amazed ; in less than a minute he had turned the tap for enough to produce a trickle of water , and after a moment or two achieved the full flow .
( iv ) On his way home Mij would tug the author two feet high wall of a school and run full thirty yards .
( v ) A suitcase that I had taken to Iraq had become damaged on the journey home , so that the lid , when closed , reminded at a slope from one end to the other . Mij discovered that if he placed the ball on the high and it would run down the length of the suitcase .
( vi ) When he travelled to southern Iraq there he saw people keeping otters as pet . So he felt keeping otter as pet .
( vii ) It is not , I suppose , in any way strange that the average Londoner should not recognise an otter , but the variety of guesses as to what kind of animal this might became as a surprise to me . Mij was anything but an otter .
C. Thinking about Language
I. Describing a Repeated Action in the Past
To talk about something that happened regularly in the past , but does not happen any longer , we use would or used to . Both would and used to can describe repeated actions in the past .
( a ) Mij would follow me without a lead and come to me when I called his name .
( b ) He would play for hours with a selection of toys .
( c ) On his way home … Mij would tug me to this wall .
( d ) When I was five years old , I used to follow my brother all over the place .
( e ) He used to tease me when Mother was not around .
To describe repeated states or situations in the past , however , we use only used to . ( We cannot use would for states or situations in the past . ) So we do 4. Maxwell in the story speaks for the otter , Mij . He tells us what the otter feels and thinks on different occasions . Given below are some things the otter does . Complete the column on the right to say what Maxwell says about what Mij feels and thinks not use would with verbs like be , have , believe , etc. Look at the following sentences .
( a ) When we were young , we used to believe there were ghosts in school .
( Note : believe shows a state of mind . )
( b ) Thirty years ago , more women used to be housewives than now .
( Note : be here describes a situation . )
From the table below , make as many correct sentences as you can using would and / or used to , as appropriate . ( Hint : First decide whether the words in italics show an action , or a state or situation , in the past . ) Then add two or three sentences of your own to it .
1. Emperor Akbar used to be fond of musical evenings .
2. Every evening we used to take long walks on the beach .
3. Fifty years ago , very few people used to own cars .
4. Till the 1980s , Shanghai used to have very dirty streets .
5 . My uncle would spend his holidays by the sea .
6. My uncle used to take long walks on the beach .
7. My uncle used to be fond of musical evenings
8. Emperor Akbar would talk to his advisor every morning .
II . Noun Modifiers To describe or give more information about a noun ( or to modify a noun ) , we use adjectives or adjectival phrases . Look at these examples from the text :
( a ) An eminently suitable spot ( b ) His wide , flat belly
( c ) Symmetrical pointed scales ( d ) A ricocheting bullet
Nouns can also be used as modifiers :
( a ) The dinner party ( b ) A designer dress
( c ) The car keys
We can use more than one noun as modifier . Proper nouns can also be used :
( a ) The Christmas dinner party ( b ) A silk designer dress
( c ) The Maruti car keys
In the examples below , there is an adjectival phrase in front of a noun modifier :
( a ) The lovely Christmas party ( b ) A trendy silk designer dress
( c ) The frightfully expensive golden Maruti car keys
1. Look at these examples from the text , and say whether the modifiers ( in italics ) are nouns , proper nouns , or adjective plus noun .
( i ) An otter fixation ( ii ) The iron railings
( iii ) The Tigris marshes ( iv ) The London streets
( v ) soft velvet fur ( vi ) A four – footed soccer player
( i ) Noun
( ii ) Noun
( iii ) Proper noun
( iv ) Proper noun
( v ) Adjective plus noun
( vi ) Adjective plus noun
2. Given below are some nouns , and a set of modifiers ( in the baxj . Combine the nouns and modifiers to make as many appropriate phrases as you can . ( Hint : The nouns and modifiers are all from the texts in this book . )
Ans . Temple – white temple , stone temple , first temple Person – incorrigible person , ridiculous person
Gifts – hundred gifts , ordinary gifts , birthday gifts
Time – college time , rough time , first time
Crossing – railroad crossing , first crossing
Physique – plump physique , ordinary physique
Three girls – first three girls , incorrigible three girls
Thoughts – incorrigible thoughts , uncomfortable thoughts , ridiculous thoughts , heartbreaking thoughts , first thoughts , ordinary thoughts
Scream – tremendous scream , loud scream
Subject – college subject , ordinary subject
Flight – rough flight , first flight
Coffee – invigorating coffee , ordinary coffee
Triangle – love triangle
Boys – college boys , incorrigible boys , rough boys , hundred boys
Farewell – college farewell , heartbreaking farewell
Landscape – bare landscape , rough landscape , white landscape
Chatterbox – incorrigible chatterbox
View – tremendous view , panoramic view , ordinary view
Dresses – hundred dresses , ordinary dresses , birthday dresses , marriage dresses
Roar – tremendous roar , loud roar
Expression – bare expression , slang expression , slack expression
Handkerchief – white handkerchief , ordinary handkerchief
Profession – family profession , first profession , ordinary profession
Celebration – tremendous celebration , family celebration , birthday celebration
III . Read this sentence : He shook himself , and I half expected a cloud of dust . The author uses a cloud of dust to give a picture of a large quantity of dust . Phrases like this indicate a particular quantity of something that is not usually countable . For example : a bit of land , a drop of blood , a pinch of salt , a piece of paper .
1 . Match the words on the left with a word on the right . Some words on the left can go with more than one word on the right .
( i ) a portion of – blood ( ii ) a pool of – cotton
( iii ) flakes of – stones ( iv ) a huge heap of – gold
( v ) a gust of – fried fish ( vi ) little drops of – snow
( vii ) a piece of – water ( viii ) a pot of – wind
Ans . ( i ) a portion of – fried fish
( ii ) a pool of – blood
( iii ) flakes of – snow
( iv ) a huge heap of – stones
( v ) a gust of – wind
( vi ) little drops of – water
( vii ) a piece of – cotton
( viii ) a pot of – gold
2. Use a bit of a piece of a bunch of a cloud of a lump of with the italicised nouns in the following sentences . The first has been done for you as an example .
( i ) My teacher gave me some My teacher gave me a bit of advice .
( ii ) Can you give me some clay , please .
( iii ) The information you gave was very useful .
( iv ) Because of these factories , smoke hangs over the city .
( v ) Two stones rubbed together can produce sparks of fire .
( vi ) He gave me some flowers on my birthday .
A. Oral Comphension Check
( Page 106 )
1. What ‘ experiment ‘ did Maxwell think Camusfearna would be suitable for ?
Ans . The writer had gone to Southern Iraq in the year 1956. He took a fancy to the idea that instead of keeping a dog as a pet , he would go for an otter . Camusfearna was surrounded by water , so it would be an eminently suitable spot for this experiment .
2 . Why does he go to Basra ? How long does he wait there , and why ?
Ans . The writer went to Basra to collect and answer his mail from Europe . He had to wait there for 5 days as his mail did not arrive .
3. How does he get the otter ? Does he like it ? Pick out the words that tell you this .
Ans . His friend bought the otter for him and sent it to the place where he was staying .
The author liked it . This is seen in ” The second night Mijbil came on to my bed in the small hours and remained asleep in the crook of my knees …. ” ” I made a body – belt for him … ” .
4. Why was the otter named ‘ Maxwell’s otter ‘ ?
Ans . The otter was named by zoologists as Lutrogale Perspicillata Maxwelli . Hence , it was called Maxwell’s otter in short .
5. Tick the right answer . In the beginning , the otter was
1. aloof and indifferent
Ans . In the beginning , the otter was aloof and indifferent .
6. What happened when Maxwell took Mijbil to the bathroom ? What did it do two days after that ?
Ans . When the author first took Mijbil to the bathroom , the otter first went wild with joy in the water . He plunged and rolled in it . He jumped up and down the length of the bathtub . He made enough slosh and splash . After two days , the otter suddenly disappeared and went to the bathroom to play in the water and opened the tap on his own .
( Page 108 , 109 )
1. How was Mijbil transported to England ?
Ans . Mijbil was packed in a box as the airlines had directed the author . As British airlines did not allow pets on board the author had to book a ticket on a different airline from Iraq to Paris and then Paris to London .
2. What did Mij do to the box ?
Ans . The box was lined with a metal sheet . Mij didn’t feel comfortable in the box and tried to escape . In his attempt to escape , Mij tore into the metal lining of the box and in the process hurt himself .
3. Why did Maxwell put the otter back in the box ? How do you think he felt when he did this ?
Ans . As there was no other way to carry Mij to London , Maxwell put in the box again . He must have felt pity on the way the otter hurt himself . Moreover , he must be worried as well .
4. Why does Maxwell say the air hostess was ” the very queen of her kind ” ?
Ans . The air hostess was very sympathetic after listening to Maxwell’s story . She understood how he might be feeling and then gave him permission to take the otter out of the box . Due to all this , Maxwell referred her as ” the very queen of her kind ” .
5. What happened when the box was opened ?
Ans . As soon as the box was opened , Mij ran out . Then it ran all over the place scaring all the passengers . It created a chaos and most of the people in the plane got scared .
( Page 110 )
1. What game had Mij invented ?
Ans . Mij invented a game of playing with the ball in a unique way . One of the author’s suitcase was damaged and had a slope on the top part . Mij would put the ball on the high end and run to catch it as it slided to the lower end .
2. What are ‘ compulsive habits ‘ ? What does Maxwell say are the compulsive habits of
1. school children
2. Mij ?
Ans . Compulsive habits are usually strange act or behaviour which a person does without clear reason . For example a cricket player may put on his right shoes first as he believes it would bring him good luck or a kid jumping over a fence , instead of going through the passage way . Usually compulsive beahviour of children are full of childhood mischief and those of adults are of incorrigible type .
1 . As per this story , children must place their feet squarely on the centre of each paving block ; must touch every seventh upright of the iron railings , or pass to the outside of every second lamp post .
2. Mijbil while on its way to home would jump over the boundary wall railing and run at full speed throughout its length .
3 . What group of animals do otters belong to ?
Ans . Otters belong to a comparatively small group of animals called Mustellines . The other animals of this group are badger , mongoose , weasel , stoat , mink and others .
4 . What guesses did the Londoners make about what Mij was ?
Ans . As otters are not found in England so Londoners made the wildest possible guesses about Mij . Their guesses ranged from a baby seal , a squirrel , a hippo to a brontosaurus .
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